World Abrahamic religions
All the religions of the world are divided into several large groups: Abrahamic, Indian, parody, modern, etc. Abrahamic religions are monotheistic teachings that recognize a single God-creator, who spoke to people, and worship Abraham as the progenitor of believers. This kind of religion includes Christianity, Islam, Judaism and some others.
Similarities and differences of the Abrahamic religions
The basis of monotheism is the Hebrew source - the Torah, as well as the Old and New Testament. Christianity recognizes the trinity of God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit). God the Son Jesus Christ acts as the redeemer of sins, the savior of mankind, the head of the New Testament Christian Church. In Orthodoxy, it is declared that the Church is formed by believers in the Holy Trinity, and the word of God is the Gospel.
Muslims worship Allah, considering him to be the prophet Muhammad. Islam is based on Sharia, a system that regulates the life of the faithful. Thus, Allah prescribes to pray five times a day, to observe fasting, to abstain from drinking alcohol, etc. The main dogmas of Islam are the belief that Allah is the only god and Mohammed is his prophet.Any statement contrary to dogma is unconditionally rejected. Muslim recognition of monotheism suggests that Islam is an Abrahamic religion.
Islam does not deny the holiness of Jesus, considering him a prophet immaculately conceived by the Virgin Mary (Mariam). At the same time, Muslims do not believe that Jesus Christ is God and the Son of God, although they admit the possibility of the presence of the Prophet Isa at the Last Judgment.
Judaism regards Jesus as a teacher, moralist, but does not consider the Son of God to be the Messiah and God. Also, the Jews do not believe in the trinity of God. The recognition of Christ as a prophet is characteristic only for some areas of Judaism. The gospel is not revered as a symbolic book. The exceptions are the Messianic Jews who believe in Christ.
In addition to the world, monotheistic religions are Karaism, Rastafarianism, Baha'ism, Yezidiism, Mandeism, Druzism. Consider these Abrahamic religions.
Karaism is a synthesis of Christianity, Judaism and Islam. The Pentateuch of Moses is considered the source of faith, and Jesus Christ and Mohammed are recognized as great prophets.
Rastafarianism is based on the worship of Ethiopian emperor Ras Tafari Makonen, who imagines himself to be God, adopted the pseudonym Haile Selassie I and proclaimed a refusal to accept Western values. Religion preaches love of neighbor and the possibility of humanity achieving a divine essence.
Baha'ism is considered as a branch of Babism (the teaching of the Bab on the coming of the Messiah) and as an independent religious movement. The founder of the Bahá’ís is Mirza Hussein Ali (Baha'u'llah). The basis of religion is faith in the one God who is unknowable, the afterlife. Every person must prepare himself to meet with God. The word of God is carried by the prophets. The principles of Baha'i include the harmony of religion and science, gender equality, the solution of social problems, etc.
Yezidism contains the features of Zoroastrianism, Christianity, Judaism and Islam. According to supporters of the doctrine, God created the world and entrusted it to the seven angels. The main angel Malak Tavus is depicted as a peacock. Representatives of other religions consider Yezidis devil worshipers, because Malak Tavus is the very fallen angel. Believers themselves believe that God raised Tavus above other angels for sympathy for sinners in hell.
Mandeas consider God to be a manifestation of light forces in an unclean world.As a prophet, the representatives of this faith regard John the Baptist, and Christ, in their opinion, does not have a divine essence.
Druze religion is one of the branches of Islam. Since the 11th century, dogmas have changed so much that Druzism has become an independent doctrine. Friends live in a closed community, inheriting faith by birth. Go to drusenism is impossible. Representatives of this religion believe in the transmigration of souls and believe that those who want to accept their faith have made their choice before birth.
Abrahamic religions reject human sacrifice and suicide.
Not all religions are based on monotheism. In the countries of the East recognize the existence of many gods and similar beings. What religion is not Abrahamic? The one in which there is a pantheon of deities and there is no mention of Abraham: Buddhism, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Shintoism, etc. These religions are called dharmic. If paganism is considered a religion, then non-Abrahamic religions include shamanism, totemism, fetishism, magic, etc. Buddhism is considered to be the global dharmic religion.
The difference between Buddhism and Abrahamic religions
In Buddhism, there is no idea of a creator god.Moreover, Buddhists deny the very possibility of God's Being. This difference is fundamental, and all others are derived from it.
Christianity and Islam do not recognize the existence of other gods and mythical creatures, and Buddhism welcomes and encourages idol worship. This provision separates Buddhism and Abrahamic religions. The gods of Buddhism (except those who have adopted nirvana) are ordinary people with traditional everyday problems, not avoiding bodily goods and other passions.
Christians, Jews read the Bible, and Muslims read the Koran. The sources speak of the creation of the world, Divine truth, ways of attaining the Kingdom of God or receiving the grace of Allah. In contrast to the dharmic religions, Abrahamism recognizes the linearity of time, therefore, the history of the acts of God and man.
In Buddhism, the concept of the beginning of time is absent altogether, and the existence of man in the Universe is regarded as an endless chain of rebirths (sansara). Since Buddhists do not believe in one God, Christianity and Islam fall under the definition of “Abrahamic world religion”. Judaism is not considered a world religion, as it is professed by a small community of people.
The origin of the Abrahamic religions
It is believed that the Abrahamic religions come from Judaism, common in the kingdoms of Judea and Israel (I century BC). Christianity appeared a century later. Christians took Judaism as a basis, but radically reformed it.
As a religious doctrine in the VII century AD. Islam was formed. The new religion used the dogmas of Judaism and Christianity, but interpreted the provisions differently, declaring itself as a substitute for previous beliefs. The Prophet Mohammed argued that the faith proclaimed by him was directly related to Abraham, and Judaism and Christianity distort the true teaching about God.
The basis of the Abrahamic religions is the principle of the treaty. The first “agreement” is the voluntary circumcision of Abraham and his descendants. In return, God promised the progenitor power over the earth. Later circumcision was replaced by baptism.
The conciliatory principle is observed in the fulfillment of the Ten Commandments by Christians, while the Muslims follow the rules of Sharia. The norms regulate not only life in the world, but also the relationship of man with God, Allah.
Common to all Abrahamic religions is revelation.God reveals himself to people, telling them his will and prescribing rules of behavior. The idea of revelation is interpreted differently by Christians, Muslims, Jews. Representatives of Judaism consider the revelation at Sinai to be the main thing: God orders a person to take care of the soul, not to forget about good deeds, brotherhood, justice and piety.
Christian revelation is the New Testament, which tells about the earthly life of Jesus Christ. The underlying idea is the incarnation of God so that a person can see Him. The New Testament shows the spiritual nature of God as the Savior. Jesus Christ is not in a hurry to condemn people, but he is trying to deliver them from sinning, he shows the way to the Kingdom of God.
Islam considers the revelation of the prophecy of Muhammad, after which the words of other prophets lose their power. The first and foremost revelation is the postulate of the unity of Allah and the absence of other gods.
The spread of Abrahamic religions
Monotheistic religions are common in Europe, North and South America, North Africa, Australia. Dharmic religions profess mainly in Southeast Asia.
Baha'is can be found in the United States (Illinois), Western Europe (Stuttgart, Germany) and the countries of the Middle East. Karaimists preach in Israel, Russia, Ukraine and Lithuania. Yezidis live in Iraq and other countries of the Asian region. Mandeists settled in southern Iraq. Friends live in Lebanon, and rastamans live in Ethiopia.
Christianity (Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Protestantism) is professed by Europe (Western - Catholicism and Protestantism, Eastern - Orthodox). The number of zealots of the Christian faith is increasing in other continents (Asia, America, Africa). In the US, there are Mormon communities.
Hinduism professes the Jewish people. This religion is not a state, but in Israel the church and the state are one. Muslims live in Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Turkey, the autonomous republics of Russia and other countries.
The areas of distribution of the above religions are conditional, as in any country you can find representatives of various religious teachings.