Why are some cats not afraid of water?

Strange, yes? If you ask what the cat most fears, most will answer - water. Take a lookwhat do wet pussies look like.
Yes, I myself remember how we tried to bathe our cat and left everything scratched from the bath. And once we brought her to the sea and she just shot out of their water with a bullet and didn’t come any closer.
However, look at the video, the cat swims with interest and feels quite comfortable in the water. Why do cats behave differently?

First, find out why cats do not want to get wet. Zoologists at one time paid close attention to this issue. Probably, simply out of curiosity, but it was worth it: it turned out that baleen hunters were not afraid of water at all, and did not want to soak for quite rational reasons.
Between the upper layer of wool and the skin of the cat there is a “layer” of air - the so-called airbag. This is a protective layer that heats up with the warmth of the cat's body and prevents the pet from freezing.Wetting, wool loses its insulating properties. But why are cats afraid of water, but dogs are not? To understand you need to remember the lifestyle of these two animals.
A dog is a pack animal, if it freezes, it will cling to the tribesman and get warm. The dog is hunting, chasing prey - ran and dried. The dog hunts down the game, overcoming long distances - walked and dried up. In addition, they also know how to shake off - droplets of water literally slide off the coat, covered with skin fat. Now it’s obvious why cats don’t like to bathe: they don’t cuddle up, wait for prey almost without movement, they rarely leave the territory (almost never, to be exact), they don’t know how to shake off. I lay down and froze while the dog frolicked and dried. Of course, the pet is unlikely to overcool if it dries in the apartment, but at the gene level she “remembers” that wet wool will not protect against cold.

The same airbag protects the cat from overheating, preventing the sun's rays from penetrating deep into the fur. The dog loves to swim, because in hot weather it can breathe, sticking its tongue out. But cats do not know how.

As written above, the cat lurks its prey, frozen in shelter. But everything will go down the drain if the victim senses the smell of the hunter. Wet wool smells much stronger, as the body temperature rises upon drying. Hunger is a real threat to life and a very reasonable explanation for why cats do not like water.

The reverse side of the medal: the "fragrant" wet wool not only deters prey, but also makes the cat visible for larger hunters who can attack at any time. And then there is no way to concentrate, because you need to carefully lick every inch of a fur coat! The dog will be warned about the danger of the tribesman, and the cat does not have anyone to rely on.

Crude wool collects a large amount of dust and dirt, which falls into the cat's stomach during washing. In addition, a humid warm environment - ideal conditions for the development of all kinds of bacteria, microorganisms, fungi and other "illegal". It seems incredible that many zoologists believe that one of the reasons why cats do not like to swim is the intuitive “awareness” of the listed effects of water procedures.

Does the imaginary fear of water make cats vulnerable to this element? Do cats know how to swim? Of course yes. Moreover, the cat - beautiful swimmers from nature, able to overcome considerable distances, disdainfully stretching out her attractive face above the water and opening her shining eyes in horror (apparently, sifting through the mind the effects of wetting). It is interesting that cats can swim almost from birth - even monthly kittens are actively working with their paws, doggy raking water.
But why would cats who hate water need this skill? It is easy to guess: cats can swim, like most warm-blooded animals, literally just in case. What if the flood? Or will the pursuing enemy drive straight to the river?
Strange, but true: many wild cats are not afraid of hypothermia, overheating or microbes. They are not afraid of even the smell that makes the cat more visible to the prey and the potential enemy. Wild cats who love to swim, frolic in the water with pleasure, dive and catch sprays without thinking at all about the consequences of wetting their hair: tigers, servals, yaguarundi, Sumatran cats.

There is such an amazing exotic cat - Asian fish cat, she is a cat-fisher, she is also a vivverina.This cat lives and feeds by the water. She is not afraid of water, swims well. She even knows how to dive to fish. Here we discussed it in more detail -Wild cats: Asian fish cat (Felis viverrina)
Domestic cats who are not afraid of water are not such a rarity. Many pets enthusiastically play with a trickle running from a tap, catch droplets of rain, stir up their poured water into their saucepans. Some even cool off on hot days by shoving their heads under the stream of tap. Special unique ones jump into the bath when the owner takes a shower: either for the company, or out of curiosity, but voluntarily!
It is very conditionally possible to name the breed of smart cats who love water: Bengal, Turkish van, sphinxes, rex, Kurilian bobtail, savanna. However, these are only general trends, since all cats have an individual character. And, more importantly, the attitude to water is often formed during the first "meeting" with the mysterious element.
Those. it turns out it all depends on the nature of the cat and the first experiences of communication with water.
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