Why gums swell: the main reasons
Toothache is one of the most unpleasant sensations, which can be compared with sophisticated torture. But not only the teeth can bring problems, sore sensations in the gums are also exhausting, sharp, causing inconvenience. If there is any inflammatory process in the oral cavity, it is impossible to sit with folded hands in any case. First of all, you need to know why the gums swell. It is recommended to visit the dentist. Self-treatment or neglect of this condition can lead to very sad consequences, including the loss of a tooth.
Damage to the mucous membrane
If the gum is swollen, then first of all you need to check whether it is not damaged. Even a tiny scratch made by a crust of bread can lead to such a state. Vigorous chewing of food, careless use of toothpicks and any other imprudent actions lead to the appearance of wounds into which the infection falls. Often a person tries to cure himself by rinsing the mouth with a decoction of herbs.In most cases, this, of course, helps, but if the swelling is associated with some serious illness, self-treatment will lead to unintended consequences.
Thermal or chemical burn
The gums also swell up from burns, be it damage with an aggressive fluid or hot tea. Sore spot changes color, painful, sharp sensations appear. At first, the gum turns red, and after a day a white film forms. It is very important to start treatment in time and not allow the wound to increase, otherwise the complications can significantly harm the teeth. Even the usual tea-drinking can turn into the appearance of serious problems, so you shouldn’t let everything take its course.
The first signs of periodontitis or gingivitis
Many do not understand what makes the gums bleed, thinking that the body does not have enough vitamins or just a small wound of the oral cavity. Every six months you need to visit the dentist to keep your teeth in a healthy state. If there is swelling, redness or even bleeding of the gums, then a visit to the doctor is inevitable, because these are the very first signs of maturing periodontitis or gingivitis.At the advanced stage, the disease can spread to neighboring teeth and even bone, then it will be very difficult to manage without surgical intervention. With timely treatment, the dentist will determine why the gums are swollen. In addition, he will carry out oral hygiene - he will clean tartar and soft plaque, select anti-inflammatory drugs.
What to do?
When the gums swell up, the first actions of the patient can be very different, it all depends on the cause that provoked painful sensations in the oral cavity. If they are known and not very dangerous, for example, a scratch or burn, then we can limit ourselves to rinsing with antibacterial solutions and agents.