Who wrote "Fathers and Sons": the life and fate of the author
Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev is a Russian writer,known throughout the world. With his great works, the children begin to get acquainted with the school bench, so almost every student knows who wrote "Fathers and Sons".
Ivan was born on November 9, 1818. Up to nine years he lived with his parents in the city of Orel. Later, the Turgenevs acquired a large estate in the capital and moved there.
Not everyone knows that today you can get acquainted with theletters of little Ivan, which he wrote to his uncle Nicholas. From them one can understand the order in the educational institution where he studied, also there are information about his successes and achievements.
The one who wrote "Fathers and Sons", in a teenageage was distinguished by a great desire for knowledge. In 1833, a young Ivan entered the capital's university at the Department of Literature. The next spring he successfully passed all the exams, after which he moved to the second year. But he was not destined to graduate from this university, because soon he went with his father to the northern capital. There he enrolled at the St. Petersburg Institute, and after his graduation he studied for a couple of years in Berlin. In the capital of Germany, he met Bakunin and Stankevich, who later became very well communicate. Friendship with these people reminded Ivan of Moscow University, which he yearned for. Not for nothing this institution often appears in his novels and novels. In those days, Turgenev had no idea what would become known once, and everyone will know who wrote "Fathers and Children."
Ivan left the capital in 1834, and returned only seven years later, in the spring of 1841. All these years he was waiting for his mother to go with him to Spassky.
Work on the novel "Fathers and Sons"
For the first time to reflect on the future novel, Turgenev began in 1860.Then he was in a small town underthe name Ventnor, located in the UK. There he was in the hands of an article Dobrolyubova, dedicated to the novel "On the Eve". It contained many dubious ideas, which Turgenev did not agree with. And in his work he decided to challenge them.
In this novel Turgenev weaved a lotarguments about the "new people" that have just started appearing in Russia. The one who wrote "Fathers and Sons" later told me that Bazarov's prototype was a young rural doctor who died before 1860. According to Turgenev, this man was very interesting, because he guessed that new outlandish quality, which later became known as nihilism.
Soon the writer moved to France and there he continued to write a novel. He wanted the novel "Fathers and Sons" to be written by the middle of spring, so that later he could go with his new work to his homeland.
During the winter the author wrote several first chapters, but the work was rather slow.Turgenev wanted personally to face problemsmodern Russian society, and therefore soon came to his homeland. It so happened that the author wrote the beginning of the novel "Fathers and Sons" before the reform of 1861, and finished the work after it. He was in Spassky when the point was put in the last sentence.