When does the strabismus in newborns pass and should it be treated?
Immediately after the birth of the child, most parents are in a hurry to make out the features of the baby’s face, count the fingers and toes, and make sure that there are no pathologies. And how upset are moms and dads when they notice that their long-awaited son or daughter’s eyes mow. But do not worry in advance, because it is very common strabismus in newborns. When the photo passes, the causes and symptoms of the disease - all this is described in detail in our article. We also suggest that you read the reviews of parents who have encountered this problem and find out what famous doctor E.O. thinks about strabismus. Komarovsky.
Causes of strabismus in newborns
Squint of newborns is a fairly common occurrence among children under two months of age. In medical practice, it is called functional strabismus or strabismus.Its causes are related to the underdevelopment of the eyeball, since the child in the womb did not need to focus his gaze on objects. As he develops, the child learns to distinguish objects, control the direction of his gaze, and the problem disappears on its own by a certain age.
But there are other causes of strabismus in newborns. When such a disease passes, it is difficult to say, because its appearance is associated with the influence of indirect factors. Treatment of this pathology is mandatory. Persistent strabismus occurs for the following reasons:
- pathological development of certain parts of the brain as a result of fetal hypoxia or impaired blood flow;
- complicated childbirth;
- ARVI and flu transferred in the first weeks of pregnancy;
- infectious or respiratory viral diseases transferred to a newborn immediately after birth;
If a pathology was diagnosed at an early age for the mother or father, then the probability that the child will inherit strabismus is very high.
When the strabismus passes in newborns
Physiological strabismus of newborns, in which there is a discrepancy in the fixation of vision, does not require treatment and passes by itself to six months of age.Up to 4 months, the optic may develop slowly. Even if your three-month baby reacts poorly to a bright toy, and his eyes diverge, do not panic much.
Thus, up to 6 months, parents can wait for strabismus in a newborn. If this does not happen by the age of six months, then you should immediately show the baby to the ophthalmologist. Only a specialist can make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Symptoms of the disease
The task of the parents is to recognize the persistent strabismus in children as early as possible and start treatment in a timely manner. Parents should know when a newborn has passed a squint, and at the age of 6 months begin to sound the alarm if the child has the following symptoms of the disease:
- the child cannot direct his eyes to one point in space;
- to look at the object, the child must bend or turn his head to the side;
- when the camera flashes or when the lamp is turned on, the light in the pupils is reflected asynchronously;
- the kid stumbles upon objects because it is difficult for him to see them.
Even if you do not see a clear strabismus in a child, the above symptoms should alert you, and prompt you to see your ophthalmologist immediately.
What happens if strabismus is not treated?
Visual impairment identified in childhood is fairly easy to correct. To correct the congenital pathology, parents are only required to diagnose the disease in time and bring the child to an ophthalmologist. If this is not done, the squint will remain at an older age, and this violation will have to be corrected by surgery.
Squint is not only a defect in appearance. The disease threatens to cause severe visual impairment in the squinting eye. Since the "diseased" eye cannot correctly reproduce the information entering the brain, over time its functions are suppressed and the vision drops almost irrevocably. Therefore, treatment should be aimed primarily at restoring visual acuity in the squinting eye, and only then can we talk about the elimination of the cosmetic defect.
Strabismus in newborns: treatment
The timely treatment of strabismism will allow the child not to remain cross-eyed for life.Treatment of the disease involves the use of medical and surgical methods. After 6 months it's too late to waitwhen strabismus passes in newborns. It is necessary to act immediately:
- Improving vision in the "sick" eye contributes to occlusion healthy. To do this, the child is covered with a healthy eye with a special bandage to make the mowing activator.
- Reflexology involves the use of acupressure techniques to influence the centers responsible for the work of the eyeball.
- Orthopedic therapy is used for children of kindergarten age and involves working on special simulators at home or in special centers for children with visual impairments.
If none of the methods proposed by the ophthalmologist gave the desired result, after two years a surgical operation is performed to correct the pathology.
Opinion of Dr. Komarovsky
Before starting treatment, parents often try to find out the opinion of several specialists about the disease diagnosed in their child. About when the strabismus passes in newborns, Komarovsky O.E., a famous Ukrainian pediatrician, speaks exactly like most other doctors. He confirms that it’s not worth worrying at all for up to four months.
Dr. Komarovsky explains that the baby’s vision is formed gradually. At first his pupils work in a horizontal direction, and only after 3-4 weeks the vertical one is mastered. Formation of vision in children occurs in different ways: someone is faster, someone is slower. If at 6 months the eyes are still mowing, you should see a specialist. Do not self-medicate in any case.
Parents, whose children at an early age were diagnosed with strabismus, confirm that it is imperative that you come to an ophthalmologist for prophylactic examinations. Moms and dads know when strabismus passes in newborns, and that up to six months you can not exactly worry.
According to most parents, the eyes stop mowing at about 3-4 months. In some children, the pathology is not corrected independently, but special gymnastics and occlusion of a healthy eye at an early age, give good positive results.
Prevention of strabismus in children
There are special exercises for newborns that contribute to the development of the eyeball and are effective prevention of strabismus:
- A toy suspended at a distance of 50 cm from the eyes will help the child learn how to focus vision on an object.
- Toys should be selected only in large size, since newborn babies have physiological myopia.
- The visual acuity is adversely affected by the included TV. The child begins to look for the source of the sound with his eyes, involuntarily taking them to one side, thereby contributing to the development of strabismus.
Squint is a problem that is successfully solved in most young children. The main thing is not to let down your guard and, if necessary, help your child in time.