What are triglycerides in the blood? Norm what does raising mean

What are triglycerides? These are fats that provide the human body with the necessary energy. The main stock is stored in the tissues of the body, although a part of it is located directly in the blood.what are triglycerides

Dangerous rise

Elevated triglycerides (which means their increase, we consider further) are deposited on the walls of the arteries, causing vascular and heart diseases. First of all, because of this, atherosclerosis develops. High triglycerides usually do not manifest in the form of any external symptoms. Assess the risk of atherosclerosis allows the test for the total content of the described substances. You can also use the lipid profile, which also determines the level of cholesterol of various types, along with the coefficient of atherogenicity.

What are triglycerides?

They perform a nutritional function for the human body. These components are representatives of the elemental fat class. These blood components are a compound of glycerol, as well as three fatty acids.Actually, due to its structure, this element was called “triglyceride”. What does it mean?

External source

The external source of these fats is everyday food. In the lumen of the small intestine under the influence of bile, and in addition, pancreatic lipases, this component is split into the so-called glycerol and fatty acids. Further, the resynthesis of triglycerides occurs already inside the cells of the intestinal mucosa. In the framework of this process, they are collected, falling into the lymph, from which they are subsequently transported to the liver, as well as other tissues of the human body. It often happens that triglycerides are elevated in the blood.elevated triglycerides

Internal source

The internal source of triacylglycerol is the liver, along with the fatty tissues and intestinal walls in which it is formed from carbohydrates. Directly between the tissues, it is transported by low density lipoproteins.

As already noted, triglycerides are primarily fats, that is, they do not dissolve in water, and therefore they require a carrier for transportation in the blood. Chylomicrons act as such carrier in the aquatic environment of blood.

In the human body, most triglycerides seem to be sealed in adipose tissue. Some of them are constantly circulating within the blood, providing the necessary energy muscle fibers. After a meal, their blood level rises sharply - five to ten times. For this reason, triglycerides are tested strictly on an empty stomach. This is extremely necessary in order to get the result as reliable as possible.

Triacylglycerols are not able to freely penetrate cell membranes. For these purposes are lipoprotein lipases. In turn, lipases break down triglycerides on the vascular surface into free acids and glycerol.elevated blood triglycerides

The norm of triglycerides in human blood

The content of triglycerides correlates with the sex and age of the patients. For example, for women, the norm rate is usually somewhat higher than for men. The amount of lipids of this type gradually increases with age. Thus, the boundaries of the norm in people shift upward every five years. So, consider the rate of triglycerides in the table below.

Human age

Triglyceride levels in men in millimoles per liter

Triglyceride levels in women in millimoles per liter

Up to ten years

0,33-1,12

0,41-1,23

10 to 15 years

0,36-1,40

0,42-1,47

15 to 20 years

0,44-1,80

0,41-1,52

20 to 25 years old

0,49-2,26

0,40-1,47

25 to 30 years old

0,51-2,80

0,41-1,62

From 30 to 35 years

0,55-3,00

0,43-1,69

35 to 40 years old

0,60-3,69

0,44-1,98

40 to 45 years old

0,61-3,60

0,50-2,15

45 to 50 years old

0,64-3,69

0,51-2,41

50 to 55 years old

0,64-3,60

0,58-2,62

55 to 60 years old

0,64-3,22

0,61-2,97

60 to 65 years old

0,64-3,28

0,62-2,69

65 to 70 years old

0,61-2,93

0,67-2,70

Why does triglyceride levels go up?

Elevated triglycerides in the blood can be caused by an inaccuracy in the diet, and in addition, an insufficiently active lifestyle due to the low level of physical exertion. Such indicators are observed when patients have the following diseases:

  • Cardiac ischemia.
  • Myocardial infarction.
  • The presence of hypertensive pathology.
  • The development of atherosclerosis.
  • The development of obesity.
  • Liver disease.
  • The appearance of gout.
  • The development of thalassemia, which is a type of anemia.

In addition, it is possible the identification of elevated triglycerides in the presence of anorexia, alcoholism, diabetes, hypothyroidism and pancreatitis. The number of these components increases during pregnancy. In addition, an increased level of triglycerides is provoked by taking the following medications:

  • Oral contraceptive medicines.triglycerides are elevated in blood
  • Preparations of sex hormones.
  • Corticosteroid drugs.
  • Medicines to reduce pressure.These include beta blockers along with thiazide diuretics.
  • Reception of androgens, that is testosterone.
  • Immunosuppressants, such as "cyclosporin".

What else are the causes of triglyceride elevation?

The presence of disturbances in the normal functioning of the internal organs is not the only cause of this phenomenon. It often happens that this condition is caused by genetic disorders of lipid metabolism.

In addition to the hereditary predisposition to hypertriglyceridemia, its development is possible against the background of excessive consumption of animal fats along with the deficiency of omega-3 acids. Another reason is a certain level of stressful situations, due to which triglycerides are elevated. What this means is now clear. But how to cure ailment?

Treatment

One of the best ways in the treatment of elevated blood levels of these components is to normalize your diet, as well as the level of physical activity. So, the main method of treatment includes the following recommendations:

  • First of all, you need to lose weight. In the event that a person is overweight, then losing weight, even by five kilograms, will make it possible to markedly lower the increased level.Obesity is often considered the main cause of excessive triglycerides in the blood. Therefore, it is very important first of all to determine whether the actual weight corresponds to the established norm.triglycerides in women
  • It is equally important to limit yourself, and even better to completely abandon the use of alcoholic beverages. It should be borne in mind that alcohol includes a large number of calories along with sugar. Therefore, this product is particularly strong effect on the increase in triglycerides, even if it is used in small quantities.
  • A person must be active and move as much as possible. Movement, along with regular physical exercises and exercises will certainly help reduce the amount of triglycerides, raising the good cholesterol. It should be noted that should be engaged every day. For example, you can take short walks, walk up the stairs, and in addition, sit back while watching TV or during short breaks during prolonged work at the computer.
  • It is also important to follow a diet that doctors recommend in the presence of elevated levels of triglycerides.What diet should be followed will be described below.

In the event that a lifestyle change does not lead to the normalization of the level of these components, it is likely that the attending physician will prescribe medications. From the medical point of view, as a rule, the treatment of high triglycerides involves taking so-called statins, along with fibrates, niacin - nicotinic acid, vitamin PP, omega-3 acids, etc.

You can not take these or other means for treatment, without consulting with your doctor. Only doctors understand the interaction of various drugs with other drugs, whose improper use can cause serious side effects. For example, nicotinic acid can provoke negative reactions from the body. The combination of statins with fibrates can generally lead to renal failure. What is triglycerides, do not know everything. Moreover, they do not know how to deal with their increased level.

What diet should be followed?

Compliance with a special diet can contribute to the normalization of high cholesterol, and triglycerides as well.The main requirements of such a diet are the following recommendations:triglycerides norm

  • It is extremely important to avoid overly high-calorie foods. It must be borne in mind that the extra calories will certainly turn into triglycerides, putting it in the form of fat. Reducing caloric intake is guaranteed to reduce high triglycerides.
  • It is equally important to abandon the use of sweets, as well as refined products. Thus, one should refrain from the consumption of simple carbohydrates, which are primarily sugar along with white flour products. They contribute to the formation of triglycerides.
  • You should give your preference to healthy fats. As an example of such products should be called meat dishes that are rich in saturated fats. Better yet, replace them with fish that contains beneficial omega-3 fatty acids. These acids are primarily found in salmon, trout, tuna, mackerel, and so on. A lot of them are in the bean products.

The rate of triglycerides in the blood can also be lowered. About this - further.

What does a triglyceride level below normal indicate?

Triglycerides below normal, as a rule, are observed in the presence of the following factors:

  • Intense physical exertion.
  • Malnutrition.
  • The presence of chronic lung disease.
  • The development of hyperthyroidism.
  • Taking Vitamin C.
  • The development of myasthenia.
  • Getting various injuries.

How should I test for triglycerides?

As with other diseases, in order to determine the level of triglycerides, it is necessary to take a blood test. Such a procedure is carried out on an empty stomach. In this case, the last meal should be carried out at least nine to twelve hours before the analysis. Given that the level of triglycerides is very mobile, in order to accurately diagnose, it is often necessary to re-take this analysis.triglycerides are elevated what does this mean

When should I take a triglyceride test?

It is advisable to take an analysis to determine the amount of triglycerides in some of the following cases:

  • This analysis should be handed over to persons over the age of twenty. This should be done in order to prevent every five years to assess the risks of atherosclerosis, along with its complications in the form of various vascular and heart diseases.
  • In case of detection of elevated levels of total cholesterol.
  • In that case, if there are risk factors for heart disease. As an example, one can cite situations in which among relatives were cases of sudden death due to cardiac failure or heart attacks before the age of forty-five.
  • In the presence of high blood pressure more than 130/85 millimeters of mercury.
  • With the development of diabetes. In this case, this analysis is required to be taken regularly at least once a year, especially if glucose tolerance is impaired.
  • In the presence of overweight and obesity. Especially when the waist circumference exceeds 80 centimeters for women. For men, triglyceride testing should be based on waist circumference exceeding ninety-four centimeters.
  • In the presence of symptoms of impaired lipid metabolism.
  • In the presence of ischemic heart disease. Also, this analysis is required to pass six weeks after suffering a myocardial infarction or stroke.
  • Against the background of ischemic diseases of the lower extremities, along with aortic aneurysm.
  • One month after the start of the diet or treatment with means that reduce the level of triglycerides in order to monitor the success of therapy.

What is triglycerides, now you know.

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