Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!

8-09-2017, 13:30
Lena pillars, Yakutia
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Lena Pillars is a natural park in Russia, located on the banks of the Lena River in Khangalassky district of Yakutia, 104 km from the town of Pokrovsk. The complex of vertically elongated rocks stretching for many kilometers, fancifully piled up along the Lena coast, the deep valley cutting through the Prilenskoe Plateau, does not cease to attract photographers and travelers. The highest density of the pillars is reached between the settlements of Petrovskoye and Tit-Ary.
The height of the rock formations reaches 100 meters. Scientists believe that the formation of rocks began 560-540 million years ago, and the formation of Lena pillars as a form of relief - about 400 thousand years ago.
The Lena Pillars Nature Park was organized on the basis of the presidential decree No. 837 of 16 August 1994 by the President of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and a government decree of February 10, 1995, and is subordinate to the regional Ministry of Nature Protection. The park area is 485 thousand.ha, the park consists of two branches - "Stolby" and "Sinsky".
Valley of Geysers, Kamchatka
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
The Valley of Geysers, one of the largest geyser fields in the world and the only one in Eurasia, is located on Kamchatka in the Kronotsky State Biosphere Reserve, which is on the UNESCO World Heritage List as part of the natural complex Kamchatka Volcanoes.
The valley is a deep canyon of the Geysernaya River, in the sides of which over an area of ​​about 6 square meters. km there are numerous outlets of geysers, hot springs, mud pots, thermal areas, waterfalls and lakes. In this territory, an abnormally high biodiversity and high contrast of natural conditions and microclimate are observed. The ecosystem of the Valley of Geysers is unique for the whole country. On the territory of the valley there is a reserved regime.
Since 1992, here, by agreement with the reserve, helicopter excursions are organized, there is a strict system of rules for organizing excursions in order to preserve the balance of the ecosystem.
In 2008, as a result of voting, the Valley of Geysers was included in the list of the seven wonders of Russia.
Weathered poles, Komi Republic
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Weathered pillars (Mansiysk idiots) - a geological monument located in the Troitsko-Pechora region of the Komi Republic on the territory of the Pechora-Ilychsky nature reserve on the mountain Man-Pupu-nere (“Little mountain of idols” translated from the Mansi language), between the rivers Ichotlyaga and Pechora . There are many legends associated with this extraordinary place. The pillars are considered one of the seven wonders of Russia.
Weathered poles are quite far from inhabited places. Getting to them is already in a sense a feat. For this, by the way, you need to get a pass from the administration of the reserve. From the Sverdlovsk Region and the Perm Territory there is a hiking route, from the Republic of Komi there is a road, water and hiking route.
About 200 million years ago there were high mountains in the place of stone pillars. Rain, snow, wind, frost and heat gradually destroyed the mountains, and above all the weak rocks. Hard sericito-quartzite schists were less destroyed and survived to our days, and soft rocks were destroyed by weathering and demolished by water and wind in lowering the terrain.
One pillar, 34 m high, stands somewhat apart from the others. Six others lined up at the edge of the cliff.The pillars have bizarre outlines and, depending on the place of inspection, they resemble the figure of a huge man, or the head of a horse or ram. That's really true: this place is ideal for the fantasy of the photographer! In the past, Mansi deified grand stone sculptures, worshiped them, but the ascent to Manpupunyor was considered the greatest sin.
Curonian Spit, Kaliningrad Region
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Curonian Spit - sand spit, located on the coast of the Baltic Sea and the Curonian Lagoon. It is a narrow and long strip of saber-shaped land separating the Curonian Lagoon from the Baltic Sea and extending from the city of Zelenogradsk of the Kaliningrad region to the city of Klaipeda (Smiltyne) (Lithuania). The name of the spit comes from the name of the ancient Kurshey tribes who lived here before the Prussian colonization of the Germans.
The length is 98 kilometers, the width varies from 400 meters (near the village of Lesnoy) to 3.8 kilometers (near Cape Bulvikyo, just north of Nida).
The Curonian Spit is a unique natural-anthropogenic landscape and a territory of exceptional aesthetic significance: the Curonian Spit is the largest sand body, which, along with the Hel and Vistula, is part of the Baltic sand spit complex, which has no analogues in the world.The high level of biological diversity, due to a combination of different landscapes - from desert (dunes) to tundra (high bog) - gives an idea of ​​important and long-term ecological and biological processes in evolution.
The most significant element of the spit relief is a continuous strip of sandy white dunes 0.3–1 km wide, some approaching the tallest in the world (up to 68 m). Due to its geographical position and orientation from the north-east to south-west, it serves as a corridor for migratory birds of many species, flying from the north-western regions of Russia, Finland and the Baltic countries to the countries of Central and Southern Europe. Every year, in spring and autumn, from 10 to 20 million birds fly over the spit, much of which stops here for rest and feeding.
Favorable climatic conditions allow you to relax on the Curonian Spit in the period from May to November.
In 2000, the Curonian Spit was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Nature reserve "Stolby" Krasnoyarsk Territory
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
The reserve is located on the northwestern spurs of the Eastern Sayans, bordering the Central Siberian Plateau.
The natural boundaries of the protected area are the right tributaries of the r. Yenisei: in the north-east - the Bazaiha River, in the south and south-west - the rivers Mana and Bolshaya Slizneva. From the northeast, the territory is bordered by the city of Krasnoyarsk, the border of the reserve can be reached by bus. The reserve was founded in 1925 on the initiative of city residents to preserve the natural complexes around the picturesque syenite outcrops - "pillars". Currently, its area is 47,219 ha. Presented to the UNESCO World Heritage Fund List.
Lake Baikal, Eastern Siberia
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
It is unlikely that Baikal needs any descriptions, but still ... Baikal is the deepest lake on the planet, the largest natural reservoir of fresh water. The lake and coastal areas are distinguished by a unique variety of flora and fauna. Locals and many in Russia traditionally call the Baikal the sea.
The value of the maximum depth of the lake - 1642 m - was established in 1983 by L. G. Kolotilo and A. I. Sulimov during hydrographic surveys.
The average depth of the lake is also very large - 744.4 m. In addition to Baikal on Earth, only two lakes have a depth of more than 1000 meters: Tanganyika (1470 m) and the Caspian Sea (1025 m).
One of the business cards of Russia, a place that you need to see with your own eyes at least once in your life!
Lake Seliger, Tver and Novgorod regions
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Another place that does not need to be presented. By the way, Seliger has another name - Ostashkovskoe Lake, after the name of the city of Ostashkov, which stands on the lake shore.
The area of ​​the lake is 260 square kilometers, including about 38 square meters. km accounts for the islands (there are more than 160 Seliger). The largest among them is the island of Khachin.
The total area of ​​the pool is 2275 square meters. km
Seliger accepts 110 tributaries. The largest are the rivers Krapivenka, Sorog and Seremukha. Only one river Selijarovka flows out of it. The lake lies at an altitude of 205 meters above sea level and has a glacial origin. This explains its peculiar form - it is not a lake in the usual concept, but rather a chain of lakes stretching from north to south for 100 km and interconnected by short narrow channels. The coastline with a length of more than 500 km is distinguished by its irregularity — wooded capes, deep, picturesque bays that penetrated the land, and various islands in shape.
The water in the Seliger is clear, the transparency reaches 5 meters.
On the shores of the southern part of Lake Seliger are the city of Ostashkov and the estate "Novyye Yelets".
Lake Kezenoy, Chechen Republic
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Kezenoy-am is a lake on the border of the Vedensky district of the Chechen Republic and the Botlikh district of Dagestan. This is the largest and deepest lake in the North Caucasus, located at an altitude of over 1,800 meters above sea level. The surface of the lake is 2.4 sq. Km.
The depth of the lake reaches 74 m. The length of the lake from north to south is 2 kilometers, and from west to east it is 2.7 kilometers. The maximum width is 735 meters. The coastline is 10 kilometers.
Lake Baskunchak Akhtubinsky district, Astrakhan region
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Baskunchak - salt lake, having an area of ​​about 115 square meters. km in Akhtubinsky district of Astrakhan region, about 270 km north of the Caspian Sea, and 53 km east of the Volga. Lake Baskunchak is part of a unique natural complex that includes the mountain Big Bogda. In 1997 the Bogdinsko-Baskunchaksky natural complex was declared a reserve (Bogdinsko-Baskunchaksky reserve), where a special nature protection regime was established on an area of ​​53.7 thousand hectares.
On the coast of the lake there are deposits of therapeutic clays.In June-August, tourists come to the lake, who bathe in brine and take mud baths. About the beauty of these places and do not have to talk. Photographers here are no less than those who want to improve their health.
Jack London Lake, Magadan Region
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Located in the upper reaches of the Kolyma River in the Yagodninsky district of the Magadan Region, lies among the mountains, at an altitude of 803 meters, the length of the lake in the north-west direction is 10 kilometers, and its depth is 50 meters.
Around Lake Jack London are many small lakes. The most prominent in size are the Dream Lake, Anemone, Gray Gull, Invisible, Neighboring Lake, Kudinovsky Lakes. One of the most beautiful and exotic lakes of the Far East. Old-timers say that the lake got its name thanks to an unusual find made by “discoverers”. When the lake was discovered, on the shore, the researchers found a book of Jack London "Martin Eden".
Lake Elton, Volgograd region
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Elton is a saline drainless self-seeded lake in the Pallas district of the Volgograd region, located near the border with Kazakhstan. It is considered the largest mineral lake in Europe and one of the most mineralized in the world.They say the name of the lake comes from the Mongolian word “Altyn-Nor” - “golden bottom”.
The lake area is 152 square meters. km Until 1882, salt was extracted at Elton, in 1910, the Elton medical sanatorium was founded on its bank (moved to a new location in 1945). In 2001, the lake and the adjacent virgin steppes (106 thousand hectares) became part of the State Institution “Natural Park„ Elton ”.
Blue Lakes, Cherek-Balkaria Gorge, Kabardino-Balkaria
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
A group of five karst lakes in the Cherek district of Kabardino-Balkaria is located at the foot of a rocky ridge, from where the Cherek-Balkarian gorge begins.
Located at the entrance to the gorge, Blue Lake is a unique natural phenomenon, interesting not only for Kabardino-Balkaria, but also for the whole country. The Lower Blue Lake has several names: Chiryk-Kel (Balk.) - rotten (smelly) lake; Sheredzh-Ana (cab.) - mother of Cherek; Psykhurey (cab.) - round water (lake), natural artesian well.
The uniqueness of the Lower Blue Lake lies in the fact that with a relatively small surface (only 235 × 130 m), its depth reaches 258 meters. Water temperature on the surface in winter and summer is about +9 degrees.Not a single stream or river flows into the lake, but about 70 million liters flow out every day. The level of the lake at the same time is unchanged, which is explained by powerful underwater sources. The blue color of water is due to the presence of hydrogen sulfide and the refraction of light rays in a deep pool.
The nature here is quite picturesque: green hills, dense beech forests on steep slopes, and in the distance, in a blue haze - the peaks glittering in the sun. Closer to Babugent greens become brighter, juicier. There is a fork in the road at the village of Babugent. At the beginning of the road to the lake in the rock is a cave, in which traces of the ancient site of the V-X centuries of our era were found. Now many bats live there, and sometimes, in bad weather, shepherds with flocks of sheep hide.
Seidozero, Kola Peninsula, Murmansk region
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Lake in the Lovozero tundra on the Kola Peninsula. “Seid” in translation from the Sami language means “sacred”. The lake is located at an altitude of 189 m above sea level. The length of the Seidozero is 8 km, the width is from 1.5 to 2.5 km.
According to a number of science fiction writers and ufologists, one of the supposed places of existence of the Hyperborean civilization. Explorers of the unknown have studied these places since 1922.
Lake (reservoir) Zyuratkul, Chelyabinsk region
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Zyuratkul is located in the Satkinsky district of the Chelyabinsk region on the territory of the eponymous national park. One of the highest mountain (724 m above sea level) water bodies of the Southern Urals. The reservoir is surrounded by mountain ranges covered with dark coniferous forests. South-west is the ridge Nurgush - the highest ridge of the Chelyabinsk region. The main river that feeds the reservoir is the Big Kyl. Near the source of the Satka River and the dam is a small village Zyuratkul, connected by bus to the city Satka.
Previously, Zyuratkul was a natural lake. Now it is a reservoir formed by a dam built on Bolshaya Satka.
A giant geoglyph has been found near the lake. About forty stone tools from quartzite were also found. The stone-piercing technique makes it possible to date instruments by the Neolithic and Aeneolithic (VI – III millennium BC). Researchers are still leaning towards the Copper-Stone Age (IV – III millennium BC). It is noted that at that time there were practically no forests in the Southern Urals (they appeared only 2,500 years ago), so the figure was easy to build and then viewed from a neighboring ridge until it was covered with a layer of soil.
Until the winter of 2012, another popular tourist attraction was located on the shores of Lake Zyuratkul - Kitova Marina, which was also called the “Ural Disneyland”. But in the fall of 2012, it was demolished by a court decision.
Elbrus, Kabardino-Balkaria
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Elbrus is a stratovolcano located on the border of the republics of Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia. Elbrus is located north of the Greater Caucasus Mountains and is the highest peak of Russia. Considering that the border between Europe and Asia is ambiguous, Elbrus is often also called the highest European mountain peak, thereby assigning it to the list of the “Seven Peaks”.
The height of the western peak is 5642 m, the eastern peak is 5621 m.
Adylsu, Shkhelda, Adyrsu gorges, Donguz-Orun and Ushba massifs are very popular among climbers and mountain hikers. Pribelbrusye is the most popular ski resort in Russia.
The total area of ​​the Elbrus glaciers is 134.5 square meters. km The most famous of them are: Big and Small Azau, Terskol.
Altai Mountains
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
The Altai Mountains represent a complex system of the highest ridges in Siberia, divided by deep river valleys and extensive intramountain and intermountain hollows.The mountain system at the junction of the borders of Russia, Mongolia, China and Kazakhstan. It is divided into Southern Altai (South-Western), South-Eastern Altai and Eastern Altai, Central Altai, Northern and North-Eastern Altai, and North-Western Altai.
Altai, Katunsky reserves and the Ukok plateau together form the UNESCO World Heritage Site Altai - Golden Mountains.
Thousands of tourists come to Altai. This is a favorite place for photo tours and independent trips.
Plateau "Divnogorie", Liskinsky district, Voronezh region
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Divnogorie is a hill and a museum-reserve in the Liskinsky district of the Voronezh region of Russia. It is located 10 km west of the district center on the right bank of the Don River and 80 km south of Voronezh. The museum was founded here in 1988, and in 1991 it received the status of a museum-reserve. Currently, the museum is one of the most popular and most recognizable sights of the Voronezh region. Every season, from May to October, it is visited by more than 60 thousand tourists.
The area of ​​the museum-reserve is more than 11 sq. Km. The maximum height of the plateau above sea level reaches 181 meters, the relative height is 103 meters (the mouth of the river Tikhaya Sosna at the confluence with Don, which flows at the foot of the plateau, is located at an altitude of 78 m above sea level).
Dombai-Ulgen, Karachay-Cherkess Republic
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Dombai-Ulgen is the top of the western part of the Dividing Range of the Greater Caucasus (on the border of Abkhazia and the Karachay-Cherkess Republic). Dombai-Ulgen is the highest peak of Abkhazia, located east of the village Dombai, has three peaks: the western (4036 m), the main (4046 m) and eastern (3950 m).
A steep ridge extends from the main summit to the north, ending in a lowering - “Dombai saddle”. From Dombai saddle up goes the classic route (category 3B), accessible for climbing in one day from the descent to the camp.
Putorana Plateau, Krasnoyarsk Territory
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
The Putorana Plateau is a mountain range located in the north-west of the Central Siberian Plateau. In the north and west, the plateau ends in a steep ledge (800 meters or more), while the southern and eastern parts are characterized by gentle slopes. The maximum height of the plateau is 1701 m, among the highest peaks are the Kamen Mountains (1701 m), Holokit (1542 m), Kotui region (1510 m). In the north, the Putorana Plateau is bordered by the Taimyr Peninsula. The name Putorana in translation from Evenkiysky means “lakes with steep shores”.
The area of ​​the plateau is 250 thousand.square kilometers, which is comparable to the territory of the UK.
The Putorana State Nature Reserve is located on the territory of the plateau. It is recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site of Mankind.
Ruskeala Marble Canyon, Republic of Karelia, Ruskeala Village
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Ruskeala Mountain Park is a tourist complex located in the Sortavalsky district of the Republic of Kareliaryadom with the village of Ruskeala. The main object of the complex is a former marble quarry filled with groundwater.
The quarries discovered by pastor Alopeus began to be developed at the beginning of the reign of Catherine II. The first developments were led by Captain Kozhin, who was advised by Italian specialists. Today, the length of the pit from north to south is 460 meters, its width is up to 100 meters. The distance from the highest point of the pit to the bottom is more than 50 meters. The transparency of the water reaches 15-18 meters.
Ruskeala marble was used in the construction of the most beautiful and significant buildings of St. Petersburg and its palace suburbs. They are faced with St. Isaac's Cathedral, the floors of the Kazan Cathedral are lined, the Hermitage window sills are made, the windows of the Marble Palace and the facade of the Mikhailovsky Castle are framedas well as the underground halls of the St. Petersburg metro stations Primorskaya and Ladozhskaya.
In 2010, a significant part of the filming of the film “Dark World” took place in Ruskeala.
Eastern and Western Sayan Mountains, Eastern Siberia
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Eastern and Western Sayans - a common name for the two mountain systems in the south of Siberia.
There are Western Sayans (length 650 km, height up to 3971 m - Mount Mongun-Taiga, which is the summit of the mountain range of the same name - the highest peak of Eastern Siberia, however, this ridge is not often referred to as the Sayan mountains, but separated into a separate mountain system - the mountains of Tuva), consisting from the leveled and peaked ridges on which glaciation is absent, separated by intermountain basins, and the Eastern Sayan Mountains (about 1000 km long, up to 3491 m high - Munku-Sardyk mountain) with typical middle mountain ridges carrying glaciers. The rivers belong to the Yenisei basin. On the slopes, mountain taiga prevails, turning into mountain tundra.
The western Sayan southwest of Altai. Its main ridge is the Watershed Sayan Range with its highest point - the Kyzyl-Taiga mountain (3121 m). The ridges of the Western Sayan are characterized by steep slopes, rugged topography, and vast areas of stone alluvial deposits.The height of the ridges in the west does not exceed 2500-3000 m, to the east it decreases to 2000 m.
East Sayan stretches almost at right angles to the West. Its ridges form a system of "white" (Manskoe, Kanskoye) and "proteins", which received its name because of the snows that do not flow all year round on the tops. In the central part, in the upper reaches of the Kazyr and Kizir rivers, several ridges form a “knot” with the highest point, the Grandiose Peak (2982 m). In the southeast, the highest and most inaccessible ridges are located - the Great Sayan Mountains, Tunkinsky Goltsy, Kitoy Goltsy, Kropotkina. The highest point of the Eastern Sayan - Munku-Sardyk (3491 m) is in the ridge of the same name. Between the ridges of the Sayan Mountains there are more than a dozen of depressions of various sizes and depths, the most famous of which is the Abakan-Minusinsk depression, known for its archaeological monuments. It is worth noting a large number of waterfalls.
Dark-coniferous taiga spruce-cedar-fir forests dominate almost everywhere in the Sayan Mountains, rising in the western and central parts to altitudes of 1500–1800 m and more; light deciduous cedar forests form the upper boundary of the forest at altitudes of 2000–2500 m.
The animal world is as rich as the vegetable world.The largest city located in the Sayan Mountains is Krasnoyarsk.
Shikhany Mountains, Republic of Bashkortostan
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Shikhans are isolated elevations in the Bashkir Pre-Urals, consisting of four single mountains: Tratau, Shakhtau, Yuraktau and Kushtau, which form a narrow chain that extends 20 km along the Belaya River. Shikhans are located near the cities of Sterlitamak and Ishimbay. They are unique monuments of nature - remnants of a barrier reef formed in the warm sea of ​​the early epoch of the Permian period. In the stones of which these shikhans are composed, the prints of ancient plants and animals are preserved.
The highest shihan is Tratau (or Toratau). Its height is 402 meters above sea level, and its relative height is 280 meters. At its foot, there are ruins of a women's prison - one of the islands of the Gulag archipelago. Shihan Tratau emblazoned on the emblem of the city Ishimbay, is a symbol of the Ishimbay district of Bashkiria. In the past, this mountain was considered sacred.
Krenitsyn Volcano, Sakhalin Region, Onekotan Island
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
An active volcano on the island of Onekotan of the Great Kuril Ridge. The largest two-tier "volcano in the volcano" in the world is located in the southern part of the island of Onekotan. The height of the volcano - 1324 m.
The volcanic cone rises in the form of an island inside the lake lying at an altitude of 400 m Koltseve (diameter about 7 km). The lake is surrounded by somma - the walls of the older caldera Tao-Rusyr (height of 540–920 m with a foot diameter of 16–17 km).
Only one historical eruption is known, which happened in 1952.
Tyatya Volcano, Kuril Islands
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Active volcano on the island of Kunashir of the Great Kuril Ridge, on the territory of the Kuril Reserve. In geographic terms, Tyatya is a stratovolcano of the somma Vesuvius type (“volcano in a volcano”). The height reaches 1819 m (the highest point of Kunashir; in 1977 and the following years, the southeastern part of the summit crater collapsed and most of the material collapsed inside the northeast crater. As a result, the total height of the volcano decreased by about 30-50 meters and is currently probably less than 1800 meters above sea level) ..
The height of the somma is 1485 m, it has a regular truncated cone with a diameter of 15–18 km at the base and up to 2.5 km at the ring ridge.
The foot of the volcano slopes are decorated with coniferous-deciduous forests with bambuchnik and thickets of stone birch and cedar elfin woods.
In the forests at the foot you can often find a bear. The path to the volcano is difficult, but most tourists get to the volcano from Yuzhno-Kurilsk.
Ordinskaya cave, Perm region
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Ordinskaya cave is located on the southwestern outskirts of the village of Orda in the Perm region, on the left bank of the Kungur river. Consists of "dry" and underwater parts. The length of the dry part is 300 meters, underwater - 4600 meters. To date, the Ordinskaya cave is the longest water-filled cave in Russia. In addition, part of the cave is the longest siphon in the CIS - 935 meters.
The cave occupies the 21st place among the longest gypsum caves in the world. Famous photographer Viktor Lyagushkin dedicated a whole photo project to the Orda cave.
Kungur cave, Perm region
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
This is one of the most popular attractions of Siberia and the Urals, a natural monument of all-Russian significance. The cave is located in the Perm region, on the right bank of the Sylva River on the outskirts of the town of Kungur in the village of Filippovka, 100 km from Perm.
A unique geological monument is one of the largest karst caves in the European part of Russia, the seventh gypsum cave in the world in length.The length of the cave is about 5700 m, of which 1.5 km is equipped for visits by tourists. The average temperature in the center of the cave is +5 ° C, the relative humidity in the center of the cave is 100%. Kungur cave contains 58 grottoes, 70 lakes, 146 tons. “Organ pipes” (the tallest is in the Aetheric grotto, 22 m) are high mines, reaching almost to the surface.
Nevyansk tower, Sverdlovsk region, Nevyansk city
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Not everyone knows that in Russia we have our own likeness to the Leaning Tower of Pisa - the inclined tower in the center of Nevyansk, built in the first half of the 18th century by order of Akinfiy Demidov.
The height of the tower is 57.5 meters, the base is a square with a side of 9.5 m. The deviation of the tower from the vertical is about 1.85 m, with the greatest slope observed at the lower tier (3 ° 16 '). The exact date of construction of the tower is unknown, different sources call dates in the range from 1721 to 1745.
The tower is a massive quadrangle, on top of which 3 octahedral tiers are built on. Inside the tower is divided into several levels - floors.
The purpose of the first floor is not exactly established. Demidov's office was located on the second floor, and during the Soviet era there was a prison in it.There was a laboratory on the third floor: traces of silver and gold were found in soot taken from the furnace chimneys. According to one version, Demidov here minted counterfeit money. According to another - here Demidov secretly smelted silver and gold from the state treasury, which was mined in his mines in Altai.
Even higher is the so-called "auditory room." Its peculiarity is that standing in one corner of the room, you can hear well what they say in the opposite corner. The effect observed in the room is due to the special shape of the ceiling - it is vaulted and at the same time slightly flattened.
On the seventh and eighth floors are located the chimes with a musical battle, created by the English watchmaker Richard Phelps in 1730.
The tower is completed by a roof and a metal spire with a weather vane mounted on it, made of cut iron, in which the noble coat of arms of the Demidovs is stamped.
There is a legend saying that the tower was tilted because of the flooding of the basements with all the workers who minted counterfeit money.
By the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR No. 1327 of August 30, 1960, the tower is included in the list of historical monuments to be protected as monuments of national importance.
Ivolginsky datsan, Republic of Buryatia, the village of Upper Ivolga
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Ivolginsky Datsan is a large Buddhist monastic complex, the center of the Buddhist traditional Sangha of Russia, which is the largest Buddhist community in Buryatia. One of the brightest monuments of history and architecture of Russia. Located in the village of Verkhnyaya Ivolga, 36 km from the center of Ulan-Ude.
Swallow's Nest, Republic of Crimea
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Among all the attractions of the Crimea is not easy to choose one thing. But we decided to stop at one of the most inspiring places.
The Swallow's Nest is a monument of architecture and history, located on a sheer 40-meter-high Aurorina rock of the Cape Ai-Todor in the village of Gaspra (Yalta City Council).
The structure resembles a medieval knight's castle like the Belem Tower or the Villa Miramare near Trieste. The first wooden structure at this place was erected for a retired Russian general after the Russian-Turkish war of 1877–1878, it can be seen on the canvases of famous marine painters: I. K. Aivazovsky, L. F. Lagorio, A. P. Bogolyubova, also in the photos of the time.
The court's second doctor, AK K. Tobin, became the second owner of this amazing dacha.There is also very little information about him. After his death, the house was owned for some time by a widow who sold a plot to Moscow merchant Rakhmanina. She demolished the old building, and soon a wooden castle appeared, called the Swallow's Nest.
The Swallow's Nest got its current look thanks to the oil industrialist Baron Steingel, who loved to rest in the Crimea. Shteingel acquired a dacha plot on Aurora Rock and decided to build a romantic castle there that resembles medieval buildings on the banks of the Rhine. The project of the new house was ordered to the engineer and sculptor Leonid Sherwood, son of the architect Vladimir Sherwood, the author of the Historical Museum on Red Square in Moscow.
At the beginning of the First World War, the estate was bought by a Moscow merchant P. Shelaputin, who opened a restaurant in the castle. In the 1930s, the reading room of the local Rest House was located here, but the room was recognized emergency and closed.
In 1927, the Swallow's Nest suffered during a strong earthquake.
Only in the years 1967-1968 was repaired. In addition to the monolithic slab, the entire structure was enclosed with anti-seismic belts.The enlarged tower acquired a great decorative effect due to four spiers.
In 2013, cracks were found in the basement slab, and in the fall, visits were suspended to carry out design work on reconstruction - to strengthen the rock.
Chara sands, Trans-Baikal Territory
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Charsky Sands is a natural boundary in the Kalarsky District of the Trans-Baikal Territory, which is a sandy massif approximately 10 km by 5 km. The Chara sands are located in the hollow of the same name, in the foothills of the Kodar ridge, 9 kilometers from the village of Chara, between the valleys of the Chara, the Middle Sakukan and the Upper Sakukan rivers. The massif is a geological monument of nature of the geomorphological type of federal rank.
At 10 kilometers is the station BAM New Chara.
The array extends from the southwest to the northeast and occupies an area of ​​about 50 sq. Km. Not a single basin in Transbaikalia has such large arrays of loose moving sands.
Chara sands are similar in appearance to the deserts of Central Asia. The vegetation is a little different from the taiga: there are areas with larch, erniki and moisture-loving cedar elfin woods. In the north-eastern part of the tract there are two small lakes - Alenushka and Taiga.

Avacha Bay, Kamchatka Territory

Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Avacha Bay, a large non-freezing bay of the Pacific Ocean off the southeast coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula, is the main transport “gateway” of the Kamchatka Territory. The main advantage of the bay is that it is one of the largest bays in the world: it is able to receive any ship in the world!
The length of the bay is 24 kilometers, the width at the entrance is 3 kilometers, the total water surface area is 215 sq. Km. Depth to 26 meters. The Avacha and Paratunka rivers flow into the bay. On the shores of the bay are the cities of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and Vilyuchinsk. The bay is the main location of the Pacific Fleet of Russia in Kamchatka.
A characteristic symbol of the bay and its attraction are the Three Brothers cliffs, located at the exit to the open Avacha Bay.
Commander Islands, Aleutian District, Kamchatka Territory
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
The Commander Islands is an archipelago of four islands in the southwestern part of the Bering Sea of ​​the Pacific Ocean, which are administratively part of the Aleutian region of the Kamchatka region of Russia. The islands are named after the navigator Commander Vitus Bering who discovered them in 1741. On the largest of them - Bering Island is the tomb of the navigator.Commander Islands - a place of mixing Russian and Aleutian cultures. They have a huge potential for the development of northern tourism.
Patom Crater, Irkutsk Region
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Patom crater - a cone of crushed limestone blocks on the slopes of the Patom highlands in the Irkutsk region. Discovered in 1949 by geologist Vadim Viktorovich Kolpakov.
Among the local population, it is called the Nest of the Fiery Eagle, also known as the Konus Kolpakova, the Jebulda Crater, and the Yavalda Crater.
This is a unique geological object in its characteristics, which is a ring structure of a central type with a bulk cone composed of limestone and other rocks. Patom crater was formed over a long time about 500 years ago.
The diameter of the crater along the ridge is 76 m. The cone is crowned with a flat top, which is an annular shaft. In the center of the crater is a slide with a height of up to 12 m. The total volume of the cone is estimated at 230–250 thousand cubic meters, and its mass is about one million tons.
Agur Waterfalls, City of Sochi, Krasnodar Territory
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
The cascade of waterfalls located on the Agura River in the Khostinsky district of the city of Sochi.The distance from the Black Sea coast is 4 km. Further upstream - the Middle Falls, then the Upper.
Lower Agursky waterfall - the first and most interesting of all three large waterfalls on the river Agura. It consists of two cascades: the lower one is 18 m high and the upper one is 12 m. Below it is a wide and deep pool of blue water. From the canyon Devil's hole to the Lower Falls approximately 1.5 km. Behind the first waterfall, a number of stairs and climbs go up to 500 meters to the Srednyaya Agursky waterfall - 23 meters, and then to the Upper - 21 meters waterfall. Near the Upper Waterfall, to the left of the trail, cliffs called the Eagles rise.
Vasyugan bogs, Tomsk, Novosibirsk and Omsk regions
Travels in Russia. 35 of the most beautiful places that everyone should see!
Some of the largest marshes in the world are located in Western Siberia, between the Ob and Irtysh rivers, on the territory of the Vasyugan Plain, which is mostly located within the Tomsk Region, and in small parts - the Novosibirsk and Omsk Regions and the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area.
Area marshes 53 thousand square meters. km (for comparison: the area of ​​Switzerland is 41 thousand square kilometers), the length from west to east is 573 km, from north to south is 320 km.
Vasyugan bogs arose about 10 thousand years ago and have been constantly increasing since then - 75% of their modern area was swamped less than 500 years ago.Swamps are the main source of fresh water in the region (water is 400 cubic km), there are about 800 thousand small lakes here, many rivers originate from swamps, in particular: Ava, Bakchar, Bolshoy Yugan, Vasyugan, Demyanka, and so on. d.
Swamps contain huge reserves of peat and counteract the greenhouse effect by binding carbon. Explored reserves of peat are more than 1 billion tons, the average depth is 2.4 m, and the maximum is 10 m.
Vasyugan marshes are home to numerous local fauna, including rare ones. Of the rare species of animals in the marshes live, in particular, reindeer, golden eagle, white-tailed eagle, osprey, gray shrike, peregrine falcon. In significant quantities there are squirrels, moose, sable, capercaillie, white partridges, hazel grouses, black grouse, in smaller quantities mink, otter, wolverine. Flora also includes rare and endangered plant species and plant communities. Cranberries, blueberries and cloudberries are widely distributed among wild plants.
Now the animal and plant world of swamps is under threat due to the development of the territory during the exploration and exploitation of oil and gas fields.
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