There are several assumptions about why Chichikov visits landlords in such a sequence
In Gogol's poem Dead Souls there are manypuzzles, the resolution of which leads to interesting discoveries. One of them is why Chichikov visits the landowners in the sequence that we see in the work.
It is known that the work was conceived asthree-volume, compositionally reminiscent of "Divine Comedy" Dante. In the poem of the great Italian, the hero travels through the three worlds: hell, purgatory and paradise. The plot of "Dead Souls" is also based on a journey. Chichikov travels around the landed estates with the aim of buying up deceased peasants who are listed as alive until the next census. In the future, Gogol wanted to present the reader with the positive characters that exist in Russia, and depict the spiritual revival of Chichikov. But in history there was only the first, widely known, part, which we could perhaps correlate with Dante's "hell."
Hells of life
Neither the county officials nor the landowners, whomvisited Chichikov, neither Paul Ivanovich himself pleases us even with a hint of dignity and moral purity. Gogol, with his characteristic irony and profound spiritual pain about the spiritual mutilation of man, created a great "canvas", on which everyone could see with his own eyes how the most refined and noble makings are distorted by stupidity, greed and deceit. The writer passionately believed in the magical power of literature, in her ability to lead to moral catharsis. This task is subordinated to the composition, which is why Chichikov visits the landowners in this sequence.
Gallery of dead souls
Opens it Manilov, who dedicated his lifeempty projections, utopian dreams and laziness. Behind him, before our eyes, there is a "cudgel" Korobochka, completely absorbed in fussy efforts. Then we see the unceremonious Nozdryov, the kutil, the liar and the drunkard, the hero of the scandals. After Chichikov is at the table Sobakevich - a man down to earth, calculating and grasping. Completing this bizarre "collection" of Russian landlord types dropped Plushkin.
But why does Chichikov visit landlords in such a sequence, and not in any other?
From bad to worse
Traditionally it is believed that this ordercorresponds to the degree of spiritual degradation, moral necrosis. If Manilov - the first landlord visited by Chichikov, despite all the uselessness of taking care of looking cultural and educated, the horizon of the Box is reduced to small practical interests. Nozdryov despises respect, his "noble" impulses turned into his opposite. Even to a lesser degree, Sobakevich, an intellectual, openly mocking enlightenment, is similar to the intellectual. Plyushkina, however, the author does call a "gap on humanity."
From the dead to the living
Another point of view on why Chichikovvisits the landowners in this sequence, represents the opposite picture: from a hopeless spiritual impasse to the potential for rebirth. Manilov is unable to realize his moral squalor, because he thinks himself a highly intelligent person. His exceptionally positive testimonies about the provocative city authorities are not due to complacency, but to dangerous confidence that this is the norm. Less "dead" is seen Box, through the limitations of which you can see the features of the former cordiality.In extravagance and excitement Nozdrev is reada broad nature, strayed from the right path. Sobakevich's thoroughness and master mind and people like him could transform Russia if they were not tempted by meanness for the sake of profit. Sobakevich understands that there are "robbers and scammers" in high-level city posts, but he will not miss his own. Plyushkin is the only one whose biography the author considers necessary to acquaint the reader, he has fled in solitude, but is not stranger to emotions when he remembers. There is an opinion that it was Gogol who wanted to "bring" the second volume of the poem to resurrect a person in it.
Theory of contrast
The third assumption concerning the ordervisits of landlords do not exclude the antithesis. The restless Manilov is opposed by a fussy Box. The first does not know how many peasants he has on the farm, the second one remembers everyone by name. Her skopidomstvo, in turn, is the opposite of Nozdryov's machinations. Sobakevich contrasted him, eccentric and crazy. If one completely launched the estate, then the other is observed to the smallest detail. In this way he is not at all like Plyushkin, who has turned everything into dust, and only the name remains from the estate. The image of Plyushkin closes the circle of depravity along which Chichikov is moving.
Dialectics of character
Concluding the survey of which landowners visitedChichikov, we will express yet another hypothesis about what the great writer ciphered in the sequence of landlord portraits. Dialectics of the Russian character, if it is not permeated with the light of humanity, good and truth, develops according to a similar scenario. From a beautiful dreamer, a person moves to a limited conservatism, flaring up suddenly with extravagant ideas, stops at unscrupulousness and baseness. As a result, everything that seemed meaningful and gave hope was crumbling. But the Russian character has a completely different path, different possibilities and perspective. Gogol was eager to tell about this in his three-volume edition that had not taken place.