The main symptom of thyroid cancer
Oncology of the thyroid gland is nothing more than a malignant neoplasm that appears in the case of the onset of abnormal cell growth inside it. There is this speciesdisease is rare, and in most cases it istreatment successfully. After the appearance of a symptom of thyroid cancer, one should not despair, because the prognosis for its cure is quite favorable, since the tumor of this organ reacts positively to the application of a medicamental method of treatment to it.
Signs and symptoms of the disease
The insidiousness of cancer isThe fact that they do not give any indication, being at the initial stage of development. Usually the appearance of malignant formation is the development of goiter. Therefore, the first symptom of thyroid cancer, which should be noted, is the rapid growth of the tumor, the appearance of bumps on it and the compaction of the surface.
It happens that during the examination the doctor foundseal in the form of a node, the surface of which is smooth, and the contours have clear boundaries. After a certain amount of time, the boundaries of the node disappear, the tuberosity appears on it, and the person feels pressure on the trachea and on the nerve, called the return.
Patients do not have enough oxygen, there are feelingsdiscomfort during swallowing, the voice becomes hoarse. Presence of such a disease as thyroid cancer, symptoms, which patients themselves leave: it is the appearance of dyspnea at any physical exertion, the skin is covered with a network of enlarged veins, the lymph nodes become enlarged. With the development of a malignant tumor on the thyroid gland, there may bethe vocal cords are paralyzed.
Causes of Oncology
Today, there are several reasons whythere is a symptom of thyroid cancer. The main of them is the inadequate amount of iodine in the food consumed. Therefore it will be very good, if in a daily diet include salt iodized
One of the causes of cancer can be radiation. For example, the X-ray apparatus is a source of radiation of radioactive waves.
Do not exclude geneticpredisposition to oncological diseases. In a large percentage of patients, the disease began as a result of a gene that was inherited from them. A large number of people, aged between thirty and fifty, showed thyroid cancer symptoms. Photo (the second in the article) shows how a malignant tumor looks.
Types of malignant tumors
In modern medicine, several types of malignant tumors of the gland are distinguished, the main ones of which are:
- Papillary cancer. It is considered the most common. At this type of tumor, one of the lobes of the gland is affected. The tumor develops slowly, but there is a risk of lymph node involvement.
- The next species, which may indicate a symptom of thyroid cancer, is the follicular one. Its main development site is the follicular cells.
- A rare case is a medullary tumor. Even before its detection, this type of cancer affects important vital organs: lungs, liver, lymph nodes.