The composition of feed
Compound feed - a difficult product which is used for fattening of animals in household and farms. Specialized feed mills operating on the territory of Russia produce mixed feeds of different composition and complexity, intended for chickens and pigs, cows and rabbits, as well as for other domestic animals.
Feed for pigs
In the body of pigs, there is a high intensity of physiological processes, since these animals not only quickly multiply, but also grow quickly with the proper organization of feeding, with properly selected feed. The composition of the feed depends on the purposes for which the animal is kept in the farm, its age, and how intensively it must grow. But in any case, the composition of the pig feed includes cereals, which, as the basis for the manufacture of a product for an animal, provide its body with nutrients. Partially, cereals replenish the body of animals useful for their growth and reproduction with minerals and vitamins, but still most of these substances are added to the feed in the form of additional ingredients.
As a rule, feed mills produce several types of feed for pigs - for piglets, for sows, for pigs for slaughter. Each of these feeds is different in composition. For example, for piglets up to the age of 42 days they give feed, in which 73% fall to the barley barley (grain crop), 13% to fish meal and soybean meal (protein), 4% the mineral-vitamin group (chalk and monocalcium phosphate, premix DKS-3 and salt). The remaining 10% is milk powder and ZSOM.
The composition of feed for pigs that are fattened for slaughter is as follows: 81% wheat, barley, triticale, wheat bran; 14.5% - protein group; 4.5% - mineral-vitamin group consisting of monocalcium phosphate and premix P KS-4, porzim and salt, chalk and lysine. Most importantly, the composition of the feed for pigs fully complies with all the physiological possibilities of the consumption of dry matter by animals, providing it with energy, but not in excess, but in strict accordance with the need. Polnoratsionny fodder is saturated with such a quantity of amino acids, which completely satisfy the need of the organism of the animal. The lack of amino acids in the feed for pigs leads to inhibition of their growth and development, to the emergence of diseases.
Often, the composition of feed for pigs contains a number of additional substances, due to which a sufficient amount of protein and methionine + cystine, lysine enter the body of an animal. For this purpose, waste from the production of sunflower and linseed oil is used. Premixes for pig feed contain vitamins and mineral salts, the quantitative and qualitative indicator of which corresponds to each physiological group of animals. This combination allows you to get high weight gain in pigs, as well as effectively use every kilogram of feed.
Feed for rabbits
At the moment, the domestic industry is not paying enough attention to complete feed for rabbits. At the same time, the number of rabbit breeders that seek to provide their animals with good nutrition increases every year. As practice shows, if the rabbits are fully fed, then in a day the increase in live weight will be equal to 35 g at the age of a rabbit from 60 to 100 days. If rabbits feed on pelleted feed, they should have uninterrupted access to clean drinking water.For full-aged animals not enough granulated feed, so they are fed with hay and succulent feed, depending on the season. In granulated feed, except for cereals, there are vitamins and trace elements.
Some industrial enterprises offer the following composition of feed for rabbits: sunflower meal and barley; wheat and fodder yeast; melissa and chalk feed; common salt and wheat bran premix; premix P90-1 and lysine monochlorohydrad. Moreover, the mass composition of barley should not exceed 45%; wheat - no more than 25%; wheat bran - 20%; sunflower meal - 15%.
Compound feed for chickens
Purchased feed for chickens is a fully balanced product, which contains all the vitamins and trace elements necessary for poultry nutrition, as well as other biologically active substances, thanks to which chickens develop safely and begin to lay eggs. If we are talking about home keeping of chickens, then, as a rule, this bird is bred, both for meat and eggs. Therefore, laying hens should receive feed to improve their non-cessation.Balanced feed for chickens allows you to get a larger egg with a strong shell; increase the intensity of egg laying; improve the taste of the eggs, as well as their color; increase the resistance of the body of the bird in relation to all sorts of specific diseases, as well as provide the bird with the energy that it needs for normal development and existence.
As a rule, all feed for laying hens are divided into three categories: for chickens, young animals and adult chickens. Of course, for different age groups require different formulations of animal feed. Thus, the compound feed for laying chicken chickens contains wheat and fish meal, phosphate and chalk feed, salt and premix P1-2, 2 types of meal - sunflower and soybean, as well as corn. The feed for young hens contains: sunflower and soybean cake; corn and barley; phosphate and wheat bran; fish meal and chalk feed; salt and premix P1-2. For adult chickens, it is recommended to use compound feed with the following ingredients: sunflower and soybean cake, fodder shell and corn; phosphate and salt; barley and fish meal; premix P1-2 and wheat.
Knowing the ingredients that are required for the preparation of animal feed for a certain type of animals, the owners of private farms with a small number of animals or poultry can independently prepare the correct and balanced feed. It is very important that when preparing food for animals, all proportions that recommend recipes of mixed fodder remain. In addition, do not forget that the feed prepared in accordance with the age of the animal. And the feed for pigs has nothing to do with chickens, that is, one should not feed other animals to pigs and vice versa. This is fraught with negative consequences for animals.
Compound feed for rabbits can be prepared by combining 30% grass meal and 19% ground wheat or oats; 15% wheat bran and 19% ground corn or barley; 2% fish meal and 13% sunflower meal; 1% hydrolysis yeast and 0.5% sodium chloride, bone meal.
Compound feed for laying hens is prepared from 62.5% wheat and 4% bone meal; 2.3% sunflower oil and 2.5 fodder yeast; 0.070% edible soda and 0.101% table salt; 1.95 tricalcium phosphate and 7.50% limestone flour; 17.5% of sunflower meal and 0.118% L-TREONIN; 0.301% L-lysine monochlorohydrate and 0.100% DL-methionine 98.5%, 0.06% choline B4 chloride and 1% premix P1-2.