Teenager and diet: why they consider themselves fat
The presence of excess weight and the desire to lose weight - an urgent problem for adolescents. The tendency to lose weight is getting younger: if in 2008, adolescents began to pay close attention to their bodies from 12-13 years old, now in 9-10 years more than 40% are worried that they are overweight.
What motivates our children to be thin and how to act in the event that your child declares that he is fat - in our material.
The diet has a female face
According to the latest studies of the All-Ukrainian Healthy Diet Fund, 18% of children aged 7 to 17 have overweight problems. And the full boys more than girls, the ratio is 63% to 37%.
But it’s girls who are more busy losing weight: every third girl and only 12% of boys are dissatisfied with their weight or dieted. A similar study was conducted by the foundation in 2002, and then the boys and girls dieting were 36% less.
Nutritionist Karina Averina tells: “In 13 years, about 2 times more girls than boys want to lose weight, at 15, this difference doubles. So, the older the girls, the more they want to lose weight, in boys this desire decreases with age. ”
I do not eat at will
Often the child desperately wants to lose weight, because he considers himself fat, although in fact he does not have excess weight.
Therapist Svetlana Sikorskaya tells: “According to the results of therapeutic examinations, 23% of schoolgirls aged 13–15 years were already dieting or trying to change their eating habits in order to lose weight. At the same time, the fact of this was approximately 3-4%. ”
It is at 13-15 years the child may begin eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa or bulimia. But the first eating disorders usually begin earlier, at the age of 8-12 years old, when children begin to think more about their weight, because among peers, thinness begins to be appreciated and fear of growing fat is developed.
Read also: Anorexia may occur in preschoolers
In pursuit of the ideal
The main factor affecting the desire of children to lose weight isunrealistic standard of beautiful bodywhich is extolled in society and the media.
The need to be slim is broadcast from television screens, elegant models show off on the pages of glossy magazines, and even dolls bring up in our children the realization that a thin body is a sign of beauty and success. And all those who do not fit into the traditional canons are mocked and humiliated.
Pupil of grade 7 198 school Elena tells: “There are not many overweight students in our school, for example, there are only two in our class. But their classmates are often teased and bullied. And boys don't like fat girls. ”
Are there any rules
Modern doctors have developed a scheme of average height and weight of the child in accordance with his age. Of course, it is not the ultimate truth, since the indicators of the norm for each person are individual.
If there is a problem
If the child really has excess weight, then in no case can you fight it with the help of adult diets or diet pills.
Talk with your child to a therapist who, if necessary, will refer you to an appointment with a gastroenterologist, an endocrinologist,he will prescribe various tests and only then, if the completeness is not a consequence of a real health problem, he will advise you to turn to a nutritionist.
As the children's body develops and grows all the time, no rigid diets are allowed, lack of vitamins and microelements can provoke hormonal imbalance, menstrual cycle, skin problems, digestive disorders, hypovitaminosis.
Therefore, nutritionists recommend children not a diet, but a healthy diet.
Basic principles of healthy nutrition for an overweight child:
- food intake 4-5 times a day, in small energy balanced portions;
- dishes should be fresh, warm, non-fat;
- in the diet must be lean fish and meat, cereals, fruits, vegetables, dairy products, eggs;
- limit sugar, sweets, baking;
- exclude sugary carbonated drinks, semi-finished products, chips, crackers, sausages, canned foods;
- control the amount of salt consumed.
In one day, the child will not be able to change his eating habits, for the transition to a healthy diet is important consistency, gradualness and support of parents.
If it is customary in the family to eat french fries and grilled chicken, the child will not eat boiled fish and vegetables.Go to a healthy diet for the whole family.
In adolescents, unstable self-esteem, they are critical of their appearance, and the desire to find the ideal parameters can be the first signal of the problem.
Children need adult support to withstand the pressures of society.The task of parents is to teach a teenager to love himself not for the absence of extra kilos, but for real achievements.