Soviet slavery. As in the USSR, worked for workdays.
So, friends, today there will be a post on an interesting and important topic about how tothe USSRWorked for workdays. I think you have heard more than once that people in Soviet collective farms did not pay wages, but instead put sticks in clerical books that could later be exchanged for products or other products of a collective farm. Fans of the USSR like to say that it’s all a lie, that all this didn’t exist at all, and if it did, it was only for the benefit, and in general the greatgenialissimo and linguistsee better.
In fact, the workdays system was the actual legalization of slave labor in the USSR, and its direct consequence was the cancellation of passports by collective farmers (because they ran away to the city, and somehow they needed to be kept in the village) - which, of course, brought the Soviet system to the present serfdom.
So, in today's post - a story about Soviet slavery and how people on collective farms worked for work days.Come under the cat, it is interesting. Welladd friendsDo not forget)
How it all began
In 1917, the Russian Empire occurredOctober coupduring which to power under the leadershipold krupskyBolsheviks came - big demagogues and populists. At first, they seemed to adopt several seemingly reasonable laws (“decree on the land”, “decree on the world”), later the NEP was announced at all - but at the same time it became clear that free and hard-working people were Bolsheviks, and in free and fair elections the demagogues of the Bolsheviks will never win.
At about the same time, it became clear that the “people's Soviet power” was in fact no popular and even in some sense “Soviet” - no one consulted with anyone, the trade unions no longer dealt with protecting workers' rights at the factories ( only they were informed by "decisions of the party and the government"), and even in the countryside the Bolsheviks failed in all respects - the well-to-do and working peasants rolled the Bolsheviks in local elections, exposing their demagogy to ridicule and voting for intelligent managers.
As a result, the Bolsheviks began to unwind the flywheel of repression against all those who disagree — by and large they could not do anything else.All other parties were declared "enemies" and destroyed, rich and independent peasants declared "fists" and began to be expelled, and those workers who wanted real "Soviet" control at the factories were quickly taken to the OGPU and accused of "counterrevolution."
In the USSR, they never wrote about it - but by 1930, dictatorship and non-freedom were actually established in the country ten times more powerful than the royal one. If in the period of 1905-1917, workers could assemble, create strike committees, even publish their own newspapers and protest somehow, then now any protests were extinguished, the “instigators” were expelled or shot, and the real serfdom returned to the collective farms.
Workdays and Soviet serfdom.
The system of "workdays" was introduced in 1930, in the period of early Stalinism, and worked already until 1966 - affecting the rule of three general secretaries and several generations of peasants. This system consisted in the fact that the collective farmersstopped paying salaryInstead, charging the so-called "workdays", the system was extremely cruel and somewhat reminiscent of the system in the concentration camps. The man worked on hard physical work on the collective farm, and instead of paying for his work, he received a “wand” in the collective farm account book.Later, these “chopsticks” could be exchanged for food, but they could not have been, some of the “workdays” could be deleted for some minor faults and so on - for example, a “whole taper” was kept from “non-compliance with the norms” (extremely high) workdays.
What is the equivalent of a "workday"? In the 1930s, in poor collective farms, one workday was estimated at 30 kopecks — for this amount, for example, bread, grain, or wool could be given to a collective farmer. As a result - all this led to mass hunger and incredible poverty among the peasants. Moreover, if during the reign the people could somehow survive, having income from their own allotment, then in the USSR exorbitant taxes were imposed on the household plots, which ruined the peasants even more.
Of course, all this led only to the fact that the peasants fled en masse to the cities - they fled from this slavery, hunger and hopelessness. The Bolsheviks decided that it would not go further, and since 1932actually legalized slavery- the peasants stopped issuing passports, and they lost exactly the same rights that they had been denied under serfdom — they could not move freely, choose the type of activity, and so on.
In the new Soviet serfdom the chairman of a collective farm became analogous to the “master” —Now he gave permission for the peasant to leave his village anywhere, permission to study in a particular educational institution — in general, they completely controlled the fate of the peasants and their children. The youth did their best to escape from the collective farm slavery (for example, very few people returned to their native collective farm from the army), but this was by no means all of them.
What else is interesting - because of the general poverty in the collective farms, in fact, they did not pay pensions to the elderly. Formally, it was - but often was only 2 rubles per month.
What is it all over?
And everything ended in a little predictable: first, in 1959 they introduced the "guaranteed minimum payment" - so that people on collective farms would not die of hunger (as often happened in the late 1940s), then in May 1966 it was decided to cancel workdays - by introducing a guaranteed right to pay. In the same year, collective farmers began to receive passports - after almost 50 years, the "workers 'and peasants' power" was finally recognized by the communists as the right of people to be called.
In the years of Perestroika, many Soviet publications began to write the truth aboutthat workdays were only chopsticks in clerical books and identified with unpaid, slave labor, this system was called a “mistake”. As a result of this "error", several generations of peasants lived in actual slavery, lawlessness, and often died of starvation ...
However, in some places the workdays are preserved and now - in the unrecognized "LNR" in the east of Ukraine, work in agriculture is recorded in those same workdays that can later be exchanged for food packages. So this is a very good place for all fans.the USSR- You can move there and enjoy "the very greatness." And there is probably a very tasty ice cream.
So it goes.
Write in the comments what you think about all this, it is interesting.