Shelving for the garage: opt for stationary
How much shelving for the garage, it is known to every car owner. Spare parts, tools and accessories of almost any mass can be stored on them, if the racks are properly built.
Manufacturers offer to purchase ready-made structures, but their independent construction is not so difficult. The main thing is that the rack does not clutter the room, and it was convenient for the owner of the box to be put on the floor or to get any item from it.
What storage equipment is better
Traditionally garage racks are divided into the following types:
However, it would be more accurate to separate structures only according to such characteristics as material of manufacture and mobility. With regard to collapsible shelving, then this category includes all the "shelves" offered by manufacturers. Their advantage is the ease of installation and dismantling and aesthetic appearance, but this is clearly not enough to meet the requirements for the rack.Such structures are not stable enough, often they are not able to withstand considerable weight.
Mobile racks for the garage are convenient, as they can be removed in any corner of the box or rolled up to a car tire, for example. Mobile shelving can be made collapsible or welded from metal. The main thing is that it can be easily moved. Mobile racks are mounted on wheels, trolleys or rollers. Just as collapsible, movable structures are weak and not very stable.
Suspended equipment has no racks. Because of this, it can lose a little in strength (although its degree depends on the material of the structure, the method of its attachment to the walls and their condition). However, suspended racks do not occupy space in the lower part of the room.
The best option for the garage - the so-called stationary shelves, firmly standing on the base and attached to the wall, floor or ceiling, which will prevent it from falling. It can be collapsible if the owner of the box decides to tighten the equipment with bolts. Nothing prevents to change the location of the shelves in it, if the master provides for such a constructive opportunity.
Shelving for the garage can be built from metal, wood materials, even plastic, although the latter (often quite exotic) can only be useful for storing small items. Designs can be combined (for example, with steel racks and wooden shelves). In essence, a boxing master only has to choose between metal and wood, based on the availability of material, the necessary tools and professional skills.
Stationary shelving design
For the manufacture of metal racks for the garage are used pipes of circular cross section and corrugated pipes, corners and sheet metal. Often their frame is made from a profile for gypsum boards, but such structures are designed to store light items. Wooden racks are made of timber, boards, OSB and plywood. You should not construct them from a chipboard - unsafe for health and fragile material.
Before the construction of the rack you need to think about its design. It is better if it completely occupies the space between the opposite walls, the floor and the ceiling. In some cases it is advisable to leave some space between the side posts and the walls of the box to facilitate installation.
Shelves should not be made wider than 1 m, i.e., in a 3 m long construction there should be at least 3 sections. This will provide her with sufficient strength. Otherwise, reinforced elements will be required (channel bars, thick timber, etc.), and they weigh more, cost more and are more difficult to process.
The height of the shelves may be different. In the design you can even lay the possibility of its change. However, it should be noted that the heaviest items will be stored at the bottom, and the most overall, but light, items on the top shelf. What swings the depth of the shelves, it is better not to do less than 50 or more than 60 cm.
Before erecting racks for the garage, it is necessary to make careful measurements, calculate the number of sections and racks, determine the attachment points of the structure to the walls, ceiling and floor. In accordance with the measurements are prepared supporting elements. For wooden poles, bars with a cross section of at least 50 x 50 mm are used, for steel posts - a pipe with a cross section of at least 40 x 20 mm. Paired racks are connected by crossbeams, fixing them (depending on the material) with self-tapping screws, bolts or welding. Metal elements are treated with anti-corrosion compounds, and wood - antiseptic.
Many craftsmen prefer to assemble the frame of a wooden or metal shelving for a garage on the floor. They can do his painting at the end of the assembly. For those who decide to first fix the stands in place, and then continue to assemble the equipment, it is better to apply a protective coating on some of their faces in advance. Attach the supports to the surfaces of the car box should be anchors. Before installing the shelves, make sure the strength of the assembled frame.
Shelves can be attached to it tightly or made removable, but in any case they should not sag under the load that will be on them. The thickness of the boardwalk should not be less than 20 mm. Plywood shelves or OSB flooring may be 12 mm thick. In this case, they can be put on 2 crossbars. If the wood is thinner, then the shelves should rest on 4 horizontals.
On the 4 crossbars must lie metal shelves without longitudinal sides or stiffeners. For the manufacture of flooring should use metal no thinner than 3 mm. It is desirable that the metal shelves without sides were corrugated.