Biography of Shavkat Mirziyayev

Shavkat Mirziyayev (Mizrieyev) - Uzbek politician. In September 2016, after 13 years in office, he was appointed Acting President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Following the results of the presidential elections of December 4, 2016, he became the new president of Uzbekistan.
President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat MirziyayevPresident of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyayev

early years

Shavkat Mirziyayev was born in the family of physicians. Translated from the Tatar name means "power", "power", from Uzbek - "kindness". Shavkat’s father, a native of the Tajik village of Yakhtan, in his early childhood was forced to move to the Zaamin district of the Dzhizaksa region of Uzbekistan, where he later occupied the position of chief physician at a local tuberculosis dispensary. His wife, Mirziyeva's mother, who worked as a nurse in the same hospital, accidentally contracted tuberculosis and died early. Three children - Shavkat and his two sisters - were left without a mother. After the death of his wife, the head of the family met another woman, a Tatar by nationality. Thus, Mirziyayev had a stepmother and half-sister and brother.
In 1981, Mirziyayev received a diploma from a land engineer at the Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Melioration. In Soviet times, this profession was perhaps the most relevant in Uzbekistan, famous for its colossal cotton planted areas. The future politician was a Komsomol activist (secretary, party organizer at the university), wrote a scientific paper on the theme “Model of interaction of pneumatic machines with soil in an irrigation furrow”. After graduation, Mirziyayev remained in the alma mater as a junior employee, then as a senior teacher, and then as a vice-rector with a degree. Combined scientific activities with work at agricultural enterprises.

Political career

In 1991, Shavkat Mirziyayev was appointed hokim, that is, the head of the administration of the Mirzo-Ulugbek district of Tashkent, and also was elected a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the republic. He held this position until 1996, until he became the head of the administration of his native Djizak region, becoming parallel to the deputy of the Supreme Assembly of the Republic from the Bakhmal district (1999–2004). As head of the Jizzakh region, he stayed for 5 years, changing it to the post of hokim in the Samarkand region, the estate of President Karimov (2001–2003).
President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov and Shavkat MirziyayevPresident of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov and Shavkat Mirziyayev
On December 12, 2003, the Supreme Assembly of Uzbekistan appointed Shavkat Mirziyayev as prime minister of the republic. The incumbent President Islam Karimov recommended him for this post. The following year, the Liberal Democratic Party, controlled by Shavkat Mirziyayev, was created, which won a majority in parliamentary elections in 2005. Mirziyayev was listed as a member of the political council, which allowed him to keep the post of prime minister in the same year - the new parliament voted for his candidacy.
In the photo: Shavkat Mirziyayev and Vladimir PutinIn the photo: Shavkat Mirziyayev and Vladimir Putin
As prime minister, Mirziyayev personally supervised the country's agricultural sector, oversaw the implementation of cotton and grain production plans. Five years later, in early 2010, he was reassigned to the same position thanks to the patronage of the current president.
Shavkat Mirziyayev has become the presidential candidate of Uzbekistan
Five years later, Shavkat Mirziyayev was again promoted to the post of prime minister. Thus, for twelve years, until the death of President Islam Karimov in September 2016, Shavkat Mirziyayev was the permanent prime minister of Uzbekistan. He also organized the funeral of the former president, as well as the reception of foreign delegations.A week after Karimov’s death, Parliament, bypassing the Constitution, approved and appointed Mirziyayev as acting president. Soon he was nominated for early presidential election, which was scheduled for December 4, 2016.
Shavkat Mirziyayev was rightly considered the key contender for the presidency of Uzbekistan. Over the years spent in the prime minister’s chair, he has become a compromise figure for all the power clans. He is supported by the heads of law enforcement agencies, in particular, the chairman of the State Security Service, Rustam Inoyatov, who was a member of the inner circle of former President Karimov.
Accepting the position of Acting President, Shavkat Mirziyayev promised to continue the course charted by Islam Karimov. One of the first steps of Shavkat was the creation of a virtual reception room for the citizens of Uzbekistan, which was like the beginning of a candidate’s election campaign. In addition, the politician has a Facebook page, publicly highlighting his activities in the post. the president.
Shavkat Mirziyayev was the most likely presidential candidateShavkat Mirziyayev was the most likely presidential candidate
In a short time, Mirziyayev carried out personnel changes in the regions, which, as some media believed, were to ensure the formality of the upcoming elections. He also took a number of serious steps to restore strategic relations with its neighbors: Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
However, many aspects of political life have not changed with the new ruler. In Uzbekistan, the activities of the opposition media are still blocked, civil rights of citizens are still being violated, in particular, an “exit visa” still exists for traveling abroad and the forced labor of the population in the cotton fields continues.

Personal life of Shavkat Mirziyayev

For a long time, the politician was in the shadow of the former president and was not a public person. Therefore, the available information about his personal life is extremely small. It is known that after the institute Mirziyoyev married the daughter of one of the ministers of Uzbekistan. All she knows about her is that her niece was the wife of the alleged heir of billionaire Alisher Usmanov, who died in a car accident.

Shavkat Mirziyayev now

On December 5, 2016, the results of the presidential elections of the Republic of Uzbekistan held on the eve were summed up. Shavkat Mirziyayev won with a victory of 88.62% of the votes. Mirziyayev’s inauguration took place on December 14th.
New President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat MirziyayevNew President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyayev
The main intrigue immediately after the election was the appointment of a new prime minister of Uzbekistan. They became Abdulla Aripov, who previously served as deputy prime minister, but in 2012, due to the high-profile corruption case, he was removed from his post. Subsequently, the charges were dropped.
The new president instructed the commission headed by Aripov to start creating the so-called. public receptions for an open dialogue with the public.

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