Saving kitchen hood from grease and soot

The kitchen hood, taking the brunt of the fight against grease and soot, helps us maintain cleanliness and fresh aroma. But at the same time, fatty vapors deposited inside and on the surface can impede its flawless work. And the housewives add trouble when cleaning household appliances. To paraphrase a well-known proverb: you like to cook - love and extract the hood.

Time to wash the hood

Maintaining cleanliness in the kitchen is a process, the frequency of which each housewife chooses herself. Someone washing everything “from and to” every day, and someone is limited to everyday washing of dishes, and the general cleaning is carried out once a quarter.

Indeed, not all things in the kitchen require daily cleaning, and a range hood among them.However, it is necessary to understand when it is time to wash the hood and with what regularity it should be done so that you do not spend a lot of time and effort on cleaning up the old dirt:

  • if you cook often enough with a hood, the filter should be cleaned at least once every two weeks;
  • if the intensity of cooking is not very high, then it is enough to clean it once a month.

If traces of dirt are visible from the outside of the exhaust surface, the filter is covered with grease ahead of time, and smells are poorly weathered from the kitchen, then it is time to start cleaning without waiting for the allotted time.

Cleaning the kitchen

Not all things in the kitchen require daily cleaning

But in any case, do not forget to do general cleaning of the hood at least once a quarter, washing all its component parts.

What you need to know before cleaning

Depending on the design and method of attachment, the following types of hoods are distinguished:

  • built-in - built into the kitchen cupboard, takes up little space and blends harmoniously into the space. Outwardly it is polluted less, because it is hidden in the closet;
  • suspended (horizontal and vertical) - the most democratic option for the price, is characterized by its simple design and fastening to the wall or ceiling;
  • island - occurs in large kitchen areas, when the area allows you to place the hob of the table in the middle of the room and above it to assemble the hood;
  • dome (fireplace) - a common type of hoods that looks like a roof visor with a pipe. The most difficult to care for, since dust and dirt settle on both the visor and the duct of the duct.

Photo gallery: types of kitchen hoods

Built-in hood Built-in hood - beautiful and practical Suspended hood Suspended hood - budget and democratic Island hood Island hood - chic and swing Dome hood Dome hood - traditionally and functionally

Depending on the mode of operation, there are:

  • recirculation hoods - provide air purification through a filtration system. Can be used as reusable, and disposable filters, which are subject to periodic replacement;
  • flow - clean the air and take it out with the help of an air duct. Unlike recirculation, odors are better eliminated, but they are more difficult to maintain, since they require periodic cleaning of not only filters, but also of an air duct.

Embedded and suspended hoods, as a rule, have a recirculation mode. The main difference is that the pendant ones have reusable low-end filters, and the recessed ones are most often equipped with disposable carbon filters.

Island and dome can operate in a mode of flow ventilation and recycling. But to use the first mode, it is necessary to construct an air duct.

Step-by-step cleaning instructions

The first step is to familiarize yourself with the instructions, having studied the design of the hood, the rules for disassembly and assembly.

Regardless of the type of hood, the process of preparing for regular cleaning of the filter includes the following steps:

  1. Disconnect from mains - the device is an electrical appliance, therefore it is necessary to observe safety precautions.
    Disconnecting the hood from the network

    To de-energize the hood, it is necessary to avoid electric shock.

  2. Snap off the decorative panel lock (if any) and remove the grease filter (mesh).
    Removal of grease filter

    Fat filter - the most dirty place in the device

  3. Remove the air or carbon filter (if available).
    Removal and installation of the carbon filter

    Late replacement of carbon filters reduces the efficiency of the kitchen hood

  4. Replace carbon filters with new ones.
    Types of carbon filters

    Coal and air filters can be of very different configurations

  5. Assemble the parts in the reverse order after the screen and grill are washed and the filter is replaced.

For general cleaning it will be necessary to take the extract as far as possible:

  1. The first three points are similar to those indicated for regular cleaning of filters.
  2. If the configuration of the hood provides for the presence of an air duct pipe and it can be disassembled, then the pipe is removed - it also needs cleaning.
  3. For ease of analysis, it is better to remove the hood from the mount to the cabinet, wall or ceiling.
  4. Remove the protective cover hood (if available), unscrewing the bolts to get to the internal elements of the device.
  5. Remove the fan cover depending on the mounting method.
  6. At least once a year you need to get to the engine - it also needs prevention.
  7. Assemble the parts after they have been cleaned and dried.

Photo gallery: analysis of the kitchen hood for general cleaning (steps 2–6)

Duct Cleaning If the air duct is not collapsible, it is better to replace it over time. Removing the hood Before you start the capital cleaning, you need to detach all the details of the hood Unscrewing the lid When unscrewing the bolts, carefully fold them, so as not to lose Removing the fan cover There is a motor hiding behind the fan cover Motor cleaning There are connecting wires near the motor - you need to be careful not to damage anything.

Important! Follow the recommendations for disassembly and assembly specified in the instruction manual of the equipment.

Video: hood cleaning with complete disassembly

Features of washing different materials

The main components of the hood:

  • top cover or cover,
  • air duct
  • fan,
  • grease filters,
  • motor,
  • case.

A large amount of grease and dirt is deposited on the upper part of the hood, so the surface is treated with one of the means to remove fat from the stove and cleaned with a sponge. To ensure that no stains remain, clean the surface to wipe it dry. Stainless steel must be wiped along so that there are no strips.

The duct is a corrugated tube, which is usually made of aluminum, stainless steel or plastic. Plastic is easier to clean, because this surface sticks to less dirt, and fat does not accumulate in the grooves. To clean the air duct, rinse it with water, soaking it in solution using a degreasing agent.

Brush and mortar cleaning of the air duct

Degreasing agents are suitable for cleaning the air duct

Particles of dirt also accumulate on the fan lid, so it must be removed and rinsed, if necessary, soaked in soapy water.

The hood body also needs processing. Minor dirt can be removed with dishwashing detergent, then rinsed with warm water and wiped dry.

The motor is the heart of the hood, so it must be cleaned at least once a year.It is better to do this specialist, but you can do on their own. It is necessary to unscrew all removable parts and wipe them with a cloth moistened with alcohol. Next, lubricate the inner bearing with engine oil.

The main defender in the fight against grease and soot is the filter. He takes over the bulk of pollution. But to clean it is not so difficult if you know a few tricks and tricks.

Important! Not all filters are cleaned - in the instructions for the hood you can find the appropriate information.

In modern hoods, the following types of these accessories are used:

  • The grease filter (mesh and grate), which cleans from the drops of grease and other impurities, is most often metallic, therefore it is convenient for cleaning, including in dishwashers. However, there are one-time models, which are made of synthetic fabric, do not require cleaning, but must be replaced regularly (about once every 2-3 months);
    Fat filters for exhaust

    Reusable grease filters for drawing can be washed

  • carbon filter, which cleans from unpleasant odors. The basis is activated carbon in the form of fine powder. An integral part of the hoods of recirculation type, does not need to be cleaned, but requires timely replacement in 3-12 months (depending on the period specified by the manufacturer).
    Carbon filters for hoods

    Carbon filters for hoods are subject to regular replacement.

The easiest way to clean the mesh and grate is to immerse the filter in a container and pour it with hot salt water, leaving it for half an hour. Another option is to apply a detergent that dissolves the fat, and use a brush to clean the grill and mesh. However, these methods are effective in the case of small contaminants and are more suitable for regular use.

Video: three ways to clean the exhaust hood

When all parts are cleaned, they must be thoroughly rinsed and dried.

Ways to remove dirt and grease

In the hardware store, you can find products to remove grease and soot in any price range.

Chemical Compounds

The most effective of them are Cinderella Anti-Fat and Synergetic Cleaner, which can be used for any surface, as they do not contain harsh chemicals.

Also universal means for removing grease stains from any surfaces are Domestos spray, Economy-Santri, and Cif, but they may not clean too old stains of grease and soot.

Cilit Bang Anti-grease spray is used for cleaning plastic, glass, ceramic and enamelled surfaces.A similar Mr. Muscle kitchen spray is slightly less effective and cannot be used to clean painted, aluminum, varnished and wooden objects.

The process of application for all of the above means is similar: they are applied to a contaminated surface, then washed off with water. The difference is only in the time of exposure: from 5 to 20 minutes depending on the effectiveness.Like any household chemicals, they require the use of gloves to protect the skin of the hands.

Folk recipes

If you decide to wash the hood for the first time over the long life of the device, and the eaten fat does not want to give in, then you can use the following recipes:

  • based on soda - boil water in a large pot or pan (to fit the filter grate), slowly add half a glass of soda to it, stirring gently until completely dissolved, then place the filter grate and boil for 30 minutes until all the dirt has gone. If the tank is small and the grill does not fit all, then alternately you need to turn the filter so that all sides are in solution, and then rinse it thoroughly;
  • on the basis of soap - 2.5 liters of hot water should be rubbed with 0.5 bar of soap and dissolved in water. Wipe all parts with this solution. Or you can add a couple of tablespoons of soda to the resulting solution and boil the constituent parts of the hood for five minutes, then leave to soak for two hours;
    Cleaned and dirty filters

    Using one of the methods or several at once, you will achieve amazing results.

  • on the basis of vinegar - mix the vinegar with water in a proportion of 1: 2, the resulting solution to wet the rag and wipe all the dirty areas, leave for 7-10 minutes, then rinse thoroughly with water. Acetic acid is very caustic, be sure to use rubber gloves;
  • on the basis of lemon juice - a couple of lemons peeled and cut in half, flesh rub greasy patches, leave for 5-10 minutes and rinse with a damp cloth, if necessary repeat the procedure;
    Folk cleaners

    At each hostess simple ingredients are always at hand

  • on the basis of chemistry - a tool for cleaning pipes pour into a closed sink or container (only stainless steel), put rubber gloves in the tool, after the reaction, rinse with water.This method can lead to metal damage, so it should be used only in the most neglected cases, no more than 1-2 times during the entire operation of the device.

Video: comparing two cleaning products

Prohibited Techniques

Do not forget that you can not clean the hood, included in the grid. This is primarily dangerous for you, but the device can also fail.

Carefully read the instructions: if the manufacturer did not declare that you can wash the parts of the hood in the dishwasher, then it is better not to.

It is important to know what material the parts of the hood are made of. Aggressive chemicals can damage aluminum, as a result of the grid and the grid oxidize and darken.

Fat and dirt can be removed with a scraper, only plastic should be used for this purpose, as the metal can damage the glossy finish or enamelled surfaces. For the same reason, you cannot use metal brushes and abrasive sponges.

Scrubber for hood cleaning

To clean the hood, use a scraper with a rubber or plastic nozzle.


The main rule - do not wash the grates with Schumannit and other aggressive, potent cleaners - spoil it immediately. The grille will darken.

boiling in soapy water with soda helped.More than a year they did not clean the grilles on the hood. and maybe two. The truth for complete success 2 times it took a procedure.

Constantly suffered, washing the fat from the grid on the hood. Today I went online and from the many recipes I chose the best one. Since the fat catcher net was very dirty, I put the net in a deep pan from the usual standard oven, rubbed GOST-rich brown abundantly, laundry soap directly on this net from 2 sides, filled it with hot water so that the net was covered completely, added soda ash 4–5 tablespoons and sprinkled over the whole grid. Boiled for 10–15 min. Then she rinsed the mesh under hot water with porolonchik, and where badly rubbed, she took an old toothbrush and rubbed it. And ... about the MIRACLE !!! Grid like new !!! I advise everyone !!! Honestly, I did not expect such a result - I thought I would have to suffer a little longer.

Do not wait for fat and dirt to turn into old growths. The main rule is regular care. Whatever design the hood is, it is not just an interior decoration, but an indispensable kitchen assistant.

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