Restoration of teeth - methods. Treatment of canals
One of the most demanded procedures in thedentistry is the restoration of teeth. In the process of life, teeth can be completely or partially destroyed due to injuries or various diseases. Restoring the teeth is not only a recovery, but also an aesthetic appearance. Moreover, modern materials allow "to work miracles". Often, the restored teeth and prostheses are almost impossible to distinguish from natural teeth.
Restoration of anterior teeth is done in two ways: direct and indirect.
Indirect method includes the use of veneers andoverlays. This method of restoration is applicable if the tooth has undergone minimal destruction. As a result of the indirect recovery method, the teeth acquire a beautiful appearance, they become even. The disadvantage is that in the process of work it is necessary to grind healthy tissues.
The direct method is most appropriatethanks to the use of modern composite materials. To date, they have a large selection (by color and degree of transparency). Restoring the teeth in the direct way is the most sparing.
In case of destruction of a crown of a natural tooth,it is replaced by an artificial one. Such a crown is made of different materials and is a non-removable prosthesis. It restores the natural shape of the tooth. Restoring the teeth in modern dentistry is not a problem. Several types of crowns are offered to the patient: metal, ceramic, cermets. The greatest preference is given to crowns of cermets. The properties of the material make it possible to give the teeth a good appearance. In addition, cermet is characterized by a large margin of safety due to manufacturing technology.
Restoration of teeth can also be carried out withprosthetic bridge aid. Its constructions can be different (removable, non-removable, cantilevered), depending on how many teeth are to be prosthetized. Before the doctor decides which prosthesis is shown to this or that patient, and also in what way it is better to restore the tooth, the necessary examination and treatment of the teeth is carried out. In most cases, therapy is thorough.
Treatment of canals
Inside the tooth, inflammation can develop - pulpitis. If you do not pay attention to it, the tooth will completely collapse. The procedure of dental treatment is carried out in two stages:
- Cleaning of the tooth canal. At this stage, the space of the nerve of the tooth is freed from germs and affected tissues.
- Filling the internal space of the tooth with filling material.
Root canal treatment is the main therapy,aimed at preventing a variety of diseases. The main objective of the procedure for cleaning teeth is to remove the maximum number of pathogenic factors: nervous tissue, bacteria, decayed tissue debris, bacterial toxins.
So, sealing the space inside the tooth is very important. The reasons for the need for such manipulation are as follows:
- the exclusion of re-entry of pathogenic agents into the cleared canal;
- The exclusion of residues of the microbial flora from the canal into the surrounding tissues of the tooth.
The treatment of the dental canals helps the immune system to combat pathogenic factors that it can not cope with on its own.
Despite the leap forward in dentistry in thetreatment and restoration of teeth, it is recommended to prevent caries and other diseases. You should limit the consumption of too sweet, floury, fatty foods. In addition, it is necessary to keep the oral cavity clean. The presence of pathogenic microbes contributes to the development of caries, periodontitis.