"Regards" - a comma is needed or not (rule)
In the structure of any letter, both business and personal, there are usually three parts: the introductory - with an appeal to the recipient, the main - containing the essence, and the final - where the author is indicated. At the end of the letter, the compiler usually writes the phrase “with respect” and leaves his / her full name and / or initials. This is where the reasonable question arises: "After the phrase" with respect, "do you need a comma or not?"
What does the rules of the Russian language say?
What can the compilers of the dictionary of the “great and mighty” Russian language, who know perfectly the rules of spelling and punctuation, advise? Consider different aspects from all sides.
Some, when answering the question of whether a comma is needed after “with respect,” believe that yes, it is necessary, since the phrase “with respect” is an introductory construct. But is it?
Introductory constructions are words and phrases reflecting the attitude of the speaker to what he expressed. At first glance, the phrase "with respect" confirms this.And if you dig deeper? To whom does the speaker show respect? To myself? It turns out, answering the question whether a comma is needed “with respect, Ivanov”, such people believe that it is needed, since a certain sender Ivanov loves himself. This explanation looks ridiculous and ridiculous.
Others, when they think about it and begin to decide whether, after “with respect,” a comma is needed or not, they recall references. Yes, appeals are marked with commas in sentences, but again, who are they aimed at in this case? It turns out that again on himself. Such an attempt at explanation is completely untenable. In the letter, in the first place, everyone wants to express his recognition and respect to the addressee, but not to engage in self-praise.
It is another matter if, in deciding the question: “In the phrase“ with respect, Ivan Ivanovich, ”is a comma needed?” The name Ivan Ivanovich would belong not to the sender, but to the recipient. In this case, the allocation of a comma's own name would look quite reasonable.
Is there such a rule?
Any author, even the most detailed textbook on the punctuation of the Russian language, does not regulate this situation in any way, that is, there is simply no rule that can resolve the dispute in one direction or another.Looking through all the sources and collections, it can be noted that there are no prescriptions that after “with respect” you need a comma. Therefore, we will try to consider this issue from a different angle, based on the meaning of this phrase and the traditions of modern society.
What about Rosenthal?
Before going further, you need to find out what Ditmar Elyashevich Rosenthal, the greatest guru and most competent speaker of the Russian language, thinks in this regard. He has written so many textbooks and textbooks of the Russian language in his life that if you put them in a pile, this small person will get lost. If you analyze his letters, it becomes clear that he does not separate the comma from the last name with the initials “with respect”. He claims that, in accordance with historical traditions, this punctuation mark is not required in this case. So why do so many people use a comma at the end of a letter?
Alignment to the west
One of the reasons for a positive answer to the question: “After a phrase with“ respect, ”is a comma needed?” Is the cooperation of the majority of modern companies with foreign firms. At first glance, the connection is not obvious, but it will be more noticeable for people learning international languages.Indeed, from letters of business correspondence with foreign enterprises, written, for example, in English, it is clear that the phrase “best regards” is separated from the name of its own comma. This phrase may look different, for example, "with regards, John" or "with kind regards, John" or even simply "regards, John". The practice of long-term partnerships with foreign companies was one of the reasons for borrowing a comma.
In English texts, a comma is always placed when there is a semantic pause, unlike the Russian language, where the placement of punctuation marks is strictly limited to the rules. Compare: "Today, Donald Trump said that E = mc2»and "Today Donald Trump said that E = mc2».
Of course, it is not necessary to break the invented rules. But it is impossible to formulate all the laws in all areas of life, although we should strive for this. All the diversity of words and possibilities of the Russian language cannot be thrust into a one-sided, rigidly determined framework. We remember this from the school year, where part of the rules always had exceptions. Therefore, the answer to the question: “After“ with respect, ”do you need a comma or not?” Is not so simple.
However, do not forget about intonation, which greatly enriches and adorns the magnificent Russian language.When reproducing his thought, any person pauses, singles out certain words and sentences with his voice, and expressively focuses the attention of listeners on significant places. In the paper text, the author's punctuation is sometimes used for correct semantic reflection of individual phrases. After all, it is not a secret to anyone that punctuation marks serve as a way of creating an emphasis on important places for understanding.
Proponents of this theory believe that the answer to the question: “After the phrase«with respect, “is a comma needed?” is a positive “yes” statement. If you focus on how the written will be read, then it is better to leave a punctuation mark in order to highlight the appreciative attitude to the recipient of the letter intonationally. Otherwise, the phrase “with respect” will look somewhat damp and lose some of its importance.
Business Clearance Standards
In accordance with the rules of business etiquette, in modern society it is not even worth thinking about what to put after the phrase«with respect ”- whether a comma is needed or not - only a space, without punctuation. The comma is definitely needed, it will allow you to emphasize respect for the interlocutor.
What to write after the comma? It already depends on the desires of the sender.If the addressee is close to the author of the letter, you can limit yourself to your own name In business correspondence, it is advisable to indicate the position, place of work, full name or surname with initials.
Did you know about this? In a business letter or document after the signature point is not necessary to put. Here the signature is an obligatory element - a requisite, it does not act as a complete sentence. The exception is personal letters.
And yet, after the phrase "with respect" comma needed or not? Let's sum up. If you are writing an official business letter, it is better to put a comma. This will emphasize respect for the recipient and commitment to modern traditions. In a personal letter, everyone can act according to his own understanding: if you want to emphasize your literacy and knowledge of the rules of the Russian language, then you can do without punctuation marks, and if it is more important for you to select an intonation attitude of recognition, you can leave a comma.