Question on gynecology. What is the yellow body?

Question on gynecology. What is the yellow body?

  1. You can read about it right here! there is a sun in detail described!
  2. The corpulent body

    The corpus luteum (the Latin corpus luteum) is the temporary gland of internal secretion in the female body, formed after ovulation and producing the hormone progesterone. The title of the yellow body was received due to the yellow color of its contents.

    The formation of the corpuscle from the granule cells of the ovarian follicle occurs in the luteal phase of the menstrual or esteral cycle after the release of the oocyte from the follicle. The formation of the gland occurs under the influence of luteinizing hormone, secreted by the cells of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. In the second half of the menstrual cycle, the corpulent body produces a small amount of estrogen and progesterone, the hormone of the corpuscle.

    Under the influence of progesterone, the mucous membrane of the uterus (endometrium) is prepared for possible pregnancy and implantation of a fertilized egg. If fertilization does not occur, after a few days the gland begins to decrease in size, degenerates into scar tissue and produces an all-less amount of progesterone, which eventually leads to the onset of menstruation. The site of the scar tissue is called the whitish body (corpus albicans), which subsequently disappears. A large number of whitish bodies will give the ovary a characteristic cicatricial structure of the surface.

    If fertilization has occurred, under the influence of chorionic hormone, the corpus luteum graviditatis remains active for 10-12 weeks, producing progesterone necessary for the development and maintenance of pregnancy, which stimulates the growth of the endometrium and prevents the release of new eggs and menstruation. The corpuscle remains until the placenta is able to produce estrogen and progesterone on its own.

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