The main categories of pedagogy. Principles and patterns of discipline
Discipline "Pedagogy" has a clearthe distinction between theoretical knowledge and practice, as well as between ordinary ideas and scientific generalizations. The latter include: concepts and the main categories of pedagogy; principles and patterns of this discipline. Let us examine in more detail the main points.
At the stage of formation of discipline as a science, three main categories of pedagogy were singled out.
Education - a public phenomenon, underwhich refers to the transfer of cultural and historical experience, accumulated by mankind, the succeeding generations. In this process, the child enters the world of culture. In the narrow sense, education is understood as the formation of the child's personality as a social environment (family and educational institutions), his worldview, morality, morality and value orientations. The main goal should be to encourage him to self-education.
The main categories of pedagogy also includetraining. Under it in a broad sense is understood the transfer of theoretical knowledge and skills, as well as the formation of practical skills in the learning process in all subjects. In the narrow sense, it is a question of the activity of a teacher who conducts an academic discipline and transmits knowledge, skills and skills.
The main categories of pedagogy are related. They are aimed at developing the personal and activity characteristics of the child, which are formed on the basis of his interests, acquired knowledge and skills, as well as skills. In this case we are talking about education, the third category, which is most often interpreted as the result of a single process of education and training.
This - the basic concepts of pedagogy, which are studied in its framework.
Let us dwell in more detail on the basic principles and laws of this discipline.
First, there is a link between education and the social system, since its nature will depend on specific historical conditions.
Secondly, there is a link between upbringing and learning, as was mentioned above.
Thirdly, education is closely related to activities. To educate and educate, you need to include the child in a variety of activities.
Fourth, there is interaction betweeneducation and activity of the child. It will be successful if the object becomes gradually the subject of the given process, showing active behavior, independence and will. The child should be aware of the need for activity and, most importantly, the need for it.
Fifth, there is a link between education andcommunication. For the optimal result, the interaction of people: children, teachers, parents and others. We need rich interpersonal connections and a favorable psychological atmosphere in the environment of the child.
Discipline "Pedagogy" has several branches. Each of them has its own conceptual apparatus and methodological basis. In more detail in this article, we consider the main categories of social pedagogy.
- Socialization, which includes the assimilation of norms, rules and principles of a given society.
- Education. It is understood as the formation of skills and skills necessary for living in society.
- Social and pedagogical process. It is considered not only from the point of view of pedagogy, but also social psychology.
- Social adaptation and disadaptation processes. To study this branch of pedagogy pays much attention when it comes to the transition of the child to the new conditions of education and upbringing.
- Social correction and re-education matter when it is necessary to correct stereotypes and behavior habits that are considered wrong from the standpoint of social norms and principles.