"Postinor" for termination of pregnancy in the early stages: how to take, consequences, reviews
Situations in life happen different, for some you can prepare in advance, having considered their consequences, well, while others require the adoption of emergency measures. Unprotected sexual intercourse is likely to result in pregnancy. It often happens that the birth of a child is not yet included in the plans, then many women remember about the drug "Postinor" for termination of pregnancy in the early stages.
People are arguing about whether it is possible to have an abortion if the pregnancy is unplanned and the child is not needed. For the absolute majority of couples, the right solution is timely contraception. There are many types of protection from unwanted pregnancy; everyone chooses the most acceptable option for themselves.But there are situations when the sexual intercourse that occurred was unprotected, and the fertilization of the egg, most likely, will come. Pharmacology for more than a dozen years offers an effective solution to the problem - these are single-use tablets that prevent the development of pregnancy.
Hormones on the way to childbirth
The origin of life is a complex system of hormonal, chemical and physical processes. Initially, the formation and development of the egg occurs, then comes the turn of its release from the ovaries, fertilization, promotion through the fallopian tubes and fixation in the uterus. All these processes are the first stages of a baby’s life. And it is certain hormones that regulate and direct the course of these events. The use of female hormones, contributing to the violation of the nature of the rhythm of the birth of a new life that has been debugged by nature, has enabled a person to exclude pregnancy if it is not needed. The most common remedy that has a similar effect is the postinor interruption pill.
What works in the drug?
In order for a woman to become pregnant, a very complex system works in her body, which is regulated by female sex hormones.Their common name is progestogen. Pharmacology has learned how to obtain such substances synthetically, and levonorgestrel, the basis of the “Postinor” preparation, belongs to them. Analogs (as safe as this remedy) can contain both this synthetic hormone and some others, which are also artificially obtained progestogens.
All the information necessary for a woman contains (about the drug "Postinor") instruction. The price of this tool in Russia does not exceed 400 rubles, which makes it as affordable as possible. Since this drug can not be taken frequently and used as regular contraception, one package includes only two tablets. Each of them contains the active ingredient levonorgestrel in the amount of 750 mg. Additional formative components are:
- silicon dioxide colloidal anhydrous;
- potato starch;
- corn starch;
- lactose monohydrate;
- magnesium stearate;
Tablets are small in size - about 6 mm in diameter. They are white, rounded, one side is lined with a line in the middle, on the other there is a dented inscription INOR.Launches the drug "Postinor" for abortion in the early stages of the Hungarian company Gedeon Richter.
How does the tool work?
Levonorgestrel, the active ingredient in Postinor, performs the same function as the hormone progesterone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovaries. It serves as a starting point for the beginning of menstruation and is produced by the body throughout the entire period of menstruation. Another functional feature of this drug is the suppression of the functional estrogen responsible for the ability of a woman's body to conceive, bear and give birth to a child. A more detailed description of the effects on the body with a drug like Postinor in the instructions. The price, which is affordable for most women, makes the drug a popular emergency medicine in case of unprotected intercourse.
The path of the drug in a woman's body
As mentioned above, the active component of the postinor drug for termination of pregnancy in the early stages is the levonorgestrel. The form of the drug implies its oral use,the substance is absorbed into the body from the gastrointestinal tract. This synthetic hormone acts on a woman's body as follows:
- slows ovulation;
- causes changes in the structure of the endometrium, which makes it impossible to implant a fertilized egg into the walls of the uterus;
- thickens cervical mucus, which prevents the activity of sperm and inhibits their progress to a mature egg.
Postinor has 100% bioavailability. Once in the gastrointestinal tract, it completely penetrates the systemic circulation. The maximum level of concentration of this agent in the body is reached after 1.5-2 hours. In the liver, levonorgestrel breaks down into inactive metabolites and is excreted from the body with urine within 24 hours.
Time is important
For women in an ambiguous situation with unprotected intercourse of women who are not planning to become pregnant, the question becomes - how to use Postinor to terminate a pregnancy? Here, the main role is played by the time of taking the pill of the drug - the earlier it is taken, the more effective will be the consequences of taking it.
According to the research, taking Postinor in the first 24 hours after unprotected intercourse prevents pregnancy in 95% of cases.If this period is increased to 48 hours, the tool provides protection only 85% of women, another 24 hours of waiting (3 days after the LA) reduces to 58% the probability of preventing the onset of unwanted pregnancy through Postinor.
Oral contraceptives, although dispensed in pharmacy chains without a prescription, still require consultation with a specialist before using them. Like all drugs, "Postinor" side effects are quite extensive. For many women, the consequences of unprotected sexual intercourse seem to be something unlikely, but the hope of “perhaps carrying it on” often makes them resort to abortion. There is a widespread opinion among girls about the indefinite efficacy of the postinor drug. Termination of pregnancy at 5 weeks and later, however, with its help is impossible. Only in the first three days after sexual intercourse taking the drug can help avoid pregnancy. Therefore, this drug is a means of emergency contraception.
The availability of the drug "Postinor" makes it a popular means of emergency contraception, but you should always take into account before taking the pill, its contraindications.There are not many of them, but they are very important:
- individual intolerance of the active component - levonorgestrel;
- the period after hepatitis (jaundice);
- suspicion of pregnancy;
- severe liver disease;
- Severe diseases of the biliary tract.
Also, the drug is not recommended for use by girls under 16 years of age due to the small study of the effect of the active hormonal component on the developing body of a teenager.
Women conceive of an unwanted pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse. Often emergency contraception is the only way to avoid unnecessary consequences of proximity. It was then that many people remember about the “old” Postinor, which has been tested over the years. The side effects that have become the source of all kinds of “horror stories” are actually present, but, naturally, their real manifestation is not as terrible as women who are forced to use it pass from generation to generation. Nevertheless, it is better to know about the disadvantages of the postinor drug in advance. They are listed below:
- pain in the lower abdomen;
- menstrual bleeding;
- swelling and tenderness in the mammary glands;
- failures in the menstrual cycle;
It is especially important to remember about possible failures in the menstrual cycle, as well as the strengthening or scarcity of subsequent menstruation. You may need appropriate therapy to normalize the menstrual cycle.
Truth or lie?
About the drug "Postinor", the side effects of which were discussed above, there are a lot of rumors. Most often, women say that after taking it, obesity and thickening of blood occurs. But the results of studies conducted by the manufacturer of the drug, did not confirm this assumption. If it is used at the indicated dosage, there are no disturbances in lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, as well as failures in the coagulation system.
They will help determine the need for the use of the drug "Postinor" reviews. The consequences that arise after its use in the worst case are generally described by women as the onset of uterine bleeding, which can be stopped only in a medical institution.Although the manufacturer says that there are no irregularities in the blood clotting system with the correct use of the drug, for many women this is the outcome that resulted from its use.
There are many actual cases of hormonal disorders associated with unprotected sexual intercourse and the subsequent intake of emergency contraceptive medications. Proof of this is the opinion of users about the tool "Postinor". Consequences (feedback from women indicates that they still happen) that occur after its use, of course, can cause a delay in the onset of regular periods, sometimes reaching several months. But such cases are extremely rare, as well as increasing masculinity, the appearance of acne, infertility, or miscarriage of subsequent pregnancies. Experts recommend to prevent the occurrence of such effects use emergency contraception drug "Postinor" no more than 4 times in one year.
Does the drug work?
A lot of controversy is caused by the use of the drug Postinor for termination of pregnancy in the early stages.In fact, it prevents the onset of pregnancy; it cannot remove an existing life in the womb of the mother. Moreover, the reception of "Postinor" during pregnancy is strictly contraindicated! Women do not argue about whether this medicine helps to prevent unwanted pregnancies well - it helped someone in an emergency, someone used it too late and this is the reason for the subsequent abortion or the birth of a baby. Once again, it is necessary to take "Postinor" at least 72 hours after sexual intercourse with the possibility of fertilization. Moreover, you need to drink two tablets with an interval of 12 hours. If you take "Postinor" later or use only 1 pill, then the probability of becoming pregnant seriously increases. Remember this.
One of the sought-after means of emergency contraception is the postinor pharmacy drug. Safe analogues of this drug, also dispensed from pharmacies without a doctor's prescription, may contain both levonorgestrel and other synthetic hormones. Identical in composition and action are drugs "Eskapel", "Eskinor-F".For women's health, it is preferable to use course contraceptives prescribed by the attending physician, taking into account the characteristics of the patient's body. Emergency contraception - an extreme case and the postinor drug for termination of pregnancy in the early stages should be used only as a last resort.
Maternity for the absolute majority of women - the desired moment in life. But the child should be born when they are waiting for his appearance, and the parents are ready for this. Unprotected sexual intercourse can lead to an unwanted pregnancy, and, as a result, either an abortion or the birth of an unnecessary baby to anyone. In case of emergency, Postinor helps prevent conception, but its use should be very, very rare. A woman must take a responsible attitude not only to a future pregnancy, but also to her health. Therefore, course contraception or the use of condoms is the best way to protect against pregnancy and preserve fertility.