Biography of Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney's childhoodLegendary musician no less than the legendary "The Beatles" Paul McCartney was born in the hot military summer of 1942 in the Liverpool clinic Walton. His mother, Mary, worked as a midwife in the same clinic. Both Paul's mother and his father, James, were of Irish origin. Paul was baptized in the Roman Catholic Church, but a Catholic mother and a Protestant father raised a future musician outside of religion.
Since 1947, Mary began working as a midwife on call. The work of a midwife, and so difficult, was further complicated by the fact that they could call a woman into childbirth at any time of the day. However, this was paid accordingly, and therefore the family could afford to move to a more comfortable area in Everton. During the war years, Paul’s father worked at an arms factory, and after the Allied victory over Nazi Germany, he settled on a cotton exchange, where his weekly earnings were 6 pounds. Mary earned more in a week, which gave James a lot of stress.The family as a whole did not live in misery, but McCartney lived extremely modestly. TV, for example, appeared in an apartment only in 1953.
Artemy Troitsky. Bike on the Paul McCartney concert in Red Square
At the age of 14 his father presented Paul with a used pipe, which the teenager changed from a friend for an acoustic guitar. Since Paul was left-handed, he, like Slim Whitman, arranged the strings on the guitar in the reverse order. From that moment, McCartney's passion for music began, it was this passion that helped him to survive the shock associated with the death of his mother.
After the death of the mother, the three men - the father, Paul and his brother Michael - were left alone. Despite his father's modest earnings - by the time he earned £ 10 a week - James spent a lot of time on the cultural education of children, took them to concerts and played the piano at home.Resorting to the strictest economy, the father, nevertheless, managed to create an atmosphere of comfort for the brothers; Poverty did not give rise to any complexes in either Paul or Michael. After the death of the mother, the brothers began to earn actively; Paul very quickly learned how to communicate with people and became a small traveling salesman. Thanks to his father's upbringing, Paul has always been extremely economical and balanced, without losing his head in the world of show business, practically without using drugs and without making missteps.
"The Quarrymen" by Paul McCartneySchool friend McCartney Ivan Wowen, who played "The Quarrymen" in John Lennon's group, once invited Paul to a group performance at Walton. Then McCartney first met Lennon. After the performance, a spontaneous audition occurred, which resulted in Paul being accepted into the Lennon group. Soon the guys became friends. This friendship was negatively received by the families of teenagers; however, Lennon and McCartney began to work together. Soon, McCartney brought his friend George Harrison to the group, thus forming the final composition of the group. By 1960, the Quarrymen renamed themselves The Silver Beatles.Subsequently, the name is reduced to the usual “The Beatles” and the ensemble goes on tour to Hamburg.
Paul McCartney as a Child
The Early Years The Beatles and Paul McCartneyPaul's father did not want to let his son go to Germany, but Paul’s argument that he would earn ten shillings for a concert was decisive - the McCartney family still had financial difficulties. In Hamburg, McCartney grew up as a professional musician. Living conditions and clubs in which the team performed were not very good, but a tight schedule of daily performances became a necessary school for the group. After some time, the Beatles made a fire in a room at one of the clubs, as a result of which they were taken to the police station, from where they were deported to the UK.
Since December 1960, the group has appeared in Liverpool, gradually gaining popularity. Since April 1961, the Beatles once again come to Hamburg, where they begin to work on their own material (before that, the musicians played covers).
Paul McCartney's growing popularityIn 1961, Brian Epstein became the group's manager, who decided to sign a group contract with the label Decca Records.The Beatles record the demo, but the audition ends in failure and the label refuses to collaborate with the band.
The first single of the group “Love Me Do” is released on October 5, 1962. In the English charts, the disc soon reaches the 17th place, and after a couple of years in the USA - the top of the charts. Then the group changes its image and dresses in their famous costumes.
Paul McCartney in his youth
In May 1963, Paul McCartney met a seventeen-year-old actress Jane Asher after a concert in London. Between them, romance is tied, which lasted more than five years. Jane had a great influence on the formation of McCartney's cultural tastes and on his work. It was Escher who aroused the musician’s interest in the classics and provoked the Beatles' transition from pop rock to art rock. The songs “We Can Work It Out” and “Here, There and Everywhere” Paul dedicated Jane.
BeatlemaniaThe song after which “The Beatles” was talked about as stars was “She Loves You”. This composition led the English chart for two months.In November 1963, the group performs with a concert that is broadcast on television. In total, the program was watched by over 26 million viewers. The concert had a huge resonance, called by the journalists of the Daily Mirror newspaper “Beetlomania”.
The second album of the group was released on time, in the wake of the emerging Beatlemania. The album "With The Beatles" became a British hit. The group gives concerts in Paris, and in January 1964 flies to the States covered by the Beatles. Speaking with a concert on the “Ed Sullivan Show”, broadcast on television, the Beatles conquered America - more than 73 million viewers watched the show.
In the summer of 1965, the group was awarded the Order of the British Empire. In the same year, the album “Help!” Was released, the central composition of which was the song “Yesterday”, recorded by McCartney without the participation of the rest of the group. Two months later, the single "Yesterday" reached the top of the American charts. In December 1965, the Rubber Soul album was released, marking a new stage in the work of the team.
Avant-gardeIn 1965, during the problems of the Northern Songs company, the publishers of the Beatles, in the stock market, all members of the group invested in real estate in Surrey, and only McCartney remained in the capital.Rejecting rural life, Paul quickly became a regular at jazz clubs, art galleries and other cultural sites in London. Peter Asher, brother of Jane, introduced the musician to prominent representatives of London Bohemia, John Dunbar and Barry Miles. These people began to form new musical tastes of Paul McCartney.
Thanks to Barry Miles, Paul became interested in experimental jazz and symphonic music, Dunbar enlightened Paul in the fields of modern poetry and literature, in particular, he introduced the musician to the features of psychedelic culture. Soon, Jane brought Paul to the experimental director Michelangelo Antonioni and the leader of the London underground Robert Frezer. At Fraser’s home, Paul meets Andy Warhol, Peter Blake, Richard Hamilton, Allen Ginsberg. The latter had a strong influence on the poetic creativity of Paul, as a result of which the Beatles songs radically changed their meaning. In the theatrical and literary get-together of those years, Paul had great authority, wrote music for plays.
Paul rents an apartment in Montague Square, equips it for a studio and in collaboration with sound engineer Ian Sommerville begins to experiment with music.Ian introduces Paul to his former boyfriend, William Burroughs, who becomes a frequent guest at McCartney’s studio apartment. The ideas of the American beatnik interest Paul, and he turns the apartment into an art laboratory, where, together with Burroughs, he creates sound effects that later became the basis for the soundtracks “The Beatles of the second half of the sixties. Most of the sound experiments associated with Lennon were actually created by Paul McCartney in collaboration with Burrows and Sommerville.
Paul McCartney sang with Nirvana
Disintegration of the BeatlesIn 1968, the Beatles released the White Album. The album hit the Guinness Book of Records as the fastest selling music album of the twentieth century. Paul McCartney is the author of the idea to put a plate in a white envelope without any inscriptions. Almost all the songs of Paul from this album have become classics of rock. The song “Helter Skelter” became the first hard rock composition in the history of music.
In January 1969, during the filming of the film “Let It Be”, disagreements began in the group, due to the absolute dominance of Paul in all areas of the team’s activities.John Lennon declared that their creative duet with McCartney had exhausted himself. On the last day of February 1969, the relations in the group were heated to the limit, and in fact the group ceased to exist. In such an atmosphere, the Beatles are finishing work on the album “Abbey Road”, essentially the last album of the group (the record “Let It Be”, released in 1970, was mixed from material recorded in parallel with the White Album). On December 31, 1969, McCartney launched a lawsuit to end the existence of the Beatles.
Paul McCartney Solo CareerAfter the break with John Lennon and the Beatles, Paul McCartney became depressed and spent a long time in a retreat in the west of Scotland. There, McCartney first became addicted to drugs and began to abuse alcohol. After the end of the depression period, McCartney released the first solo album, which lasted three weeks at the top of the charts and twice became platinum. The press, however, responded negatively about the album (as well as about the disc following it), and Lennon called both discs "rubbish."
Paul McCartney with a beard
December 1979 was marked by charitable concerts of Paul McCartney in support of the people of Kampuchea, who suffered from drought. Concerts were organized at the personal request of the UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim.
Decay of the Wings after the death of John LennonBy the end of the seventies, the relationship of McCartney and Lennon in general acquired a more acceptable character, although they remained rather strained. They occasionally called up, but often quarreled during telephone conversations, usually due to Lennon's quick temper.
In August 1980, the idea of reunification, if not the Beatles, then at least the duet McCartney-Lennon, was in conversation between the musicians.But the meeting, which could drastically change the fate of two legendary musicians, did not take place.
The last telephone conversation between former friends took place in September 1980. Paul and John did not quarrel, the conversation was calm and relatively friendly.
On the day of the assassination of Lennon, McCartney worked on his song "Rainclouds". The news of John’s death shook him to the core. During an interview that day, to a reporter's question, “What do you think about John’s death?” Paul could only answer: “This is such a longing.”
After the death of Lennon, the group “Wings” did not last long. Paul dismissed the team on April 27, 1981.
Paul McCartney and his wife
Conflict with Michael JacksonThe album, released after the dissolution of the group McCartney - "Tug of War" was released in 1982 and became the best album in McCartney's solo career. The composition “Here Today” Paul dedicated to the memory of John Lennon.
In 1983, Paul collaborates with Michael Jackson. While working on joint songs, Paul gives Michael plenty of advice on show business, among which sounds such an imprudent point: “Buy the rights to someone's songs.” Two years later, Michael Jackson, using this advice, buys for $ 47.5 million the copyright to the songs of the Beatles.Paul called this act a betrayal and broke off relations with Jackson. Commenting on this act of Michael, Paul said: “It’s not very pleasant to go on tour, knowing that you have to pay someone to play your own songs.”
Paul mccartney nowIn the future, the work of McCartney caused a mixed reaction of the public and music critics. Albums, which for months held on tops of the charts, alternated with failed records, each of which was called the press "the worst in McCartney's career."
Sir Paul McCartney's Wedding
June 20, 2004 Paul spoke at the Palace Square in St. Petersburg. According to estimates, it was a three thousand concert in the career of McCartney. In June 2008, a free concert of McCartney, which gathered more than 250 thousand people, took place at the Independence Square in Kiev.
On February 9, 2012, Paul McCartney's star appeared on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
During his solo career, Paul McCartney became widely known as an animal rights activist and popularizer of vegetarianism.
In August 2012, McCartney defended the Russian punk band “Pussy Riot” by posting on the official website an appeal to the band members, which included, among other things, “I really hope that the Russian authorities will respect the principle of free speech for all your citizens countries and will not punish you for your protest. " The response to this letter of companionship with Paul McCartney is unknown.