Norwegian Forest Cat: photo, character, life in nature
Norwegian Forest Cat belongs to the long-haired breeds. The thick and long hair of an animal contributes to its survival in a harsh climate. This is a very strong and enduring representative of his numerous family - the Norwegian Forest Cat. Life in nature has developed in it the qualities necessary for survival - for example, the ability to perfectly hunt rodents.
Today, the Norwegian cat is the most common animal that has preserved a beautiful woolen coat, as well as having not lost the wisdom of its ancestors who lived in fairly difficult environmental conditions. It is believed that this species is new in America and Europe, although the Norwegians do not agree with this opinion.
There are several legends that describe the origin of the breed. One of them says that her ancestors were long-haired cats, which the Vikings brought from Turkey. Later, these cats intermarried with European Shorthair breeds,and this union gave rise to a breed of animals with a physique and coat that was adapted to local habitats.
The Norwegian Forest Cat changed over time and adapted to the climate of Scandinavia. This natural selection passed the strongest, healthy and hardy representatives of the breed.
You can endlessly discuss who the Norwegian Forest Cat came from, but let's turn to the recent history, which called the Scandinavian aboriginal cat with today's “name”.
The first mention of these animals appeared in 1912 in the children's book. Around this time, forest Norwegian cats, which until this time were considered wild, were officially protected.
In the Norwegian forests, foresters are obliged to monitor and stop poaching, because of which these animals were exterminated or taken out of the country. Norwegians began to breed these animals in the first half of the twentieth century. Now it is the most famous and popular breed in Norway. At cat shows, it is always of interest. In Russia, the Norwegian Forest Cat has not yet become widespread, but interest in this animal is growing steadily.Therefore, probably, representatives of this magnificent breed will soon appear at Russian exhibitions.
At first glance, the Norwegian forest cat, whose photo can be seen in the veterinary references, resembles a European shorthair breed, a Turkish van and a Maine Coon.
His head has the shape of a triangle, it is slightly elongated. There is practically no boundary between the broad and long nose and forehead. Massive and full chin and cheeks. Ears are set wide. They are quite long, vertical. Ears are pointed, on tips there are brushes similar to lynx. Eyes expressive, round, large. Their color should match the color.
The neck is massive. Well developed shoulders and chest. The body is powerful, slightly elongated, but at the same time very flexible. The front legs are strong, shorter than the hind legs, seem rather heavy.
The coat is long and smooth, tight to the body. The undercoat is well defined, thick. The cheeks of these beauties decorate sideburns, and the hind limbs cover the "pants". In the cold season, a thick collar appears around the neck, which disappears with the onset of summer.The tail is covered with hanging long hair, which partially covers the hind legs. The Norwegian Forest Cat is a medium and large sized animal. The weight of individuals reaches 7.5 kilograms.
The wool of these animals can be colored differently - single-color white or black, smoky or gray, red or red, marble beauties enchant all who see them for the first time. Colors of all combinations with white are allowed by the standard.
Experts believe that this variety of colors is due to the diversity of the natural features of different regions and landscapes of Norway. For example, the red and tortoise representatives of the breed lived in the south of the Scandinavian Peninsula, marble and striped - in the east and in the central part. A monochrome Norwegian Forest Cat (black, white) lived along the rocky shores. It is quite natural that in nature these animals multiplied. As a result, the Norwegian forest cat appeared in black and white. Each color of wool perfectly harmonized with the environment, hid a fluffy hunter among stones, in dense forests, in rocky fjords and valleys.
The existing standard places high demands on color.Monotonous wool should have a uniform color - from the roots to the tips of the wool. Dappled, two-colored and tortoise color should be well defined - it should have a clear pattern, the boundaries between shades. It is necessary that the color of the eyes match the color.
The standard prohibits only colors that may indicate the inflow of other people's blood - for example, Siamese (with dark paws, spots on the muzzle, tail and ears), "weakened" and cinnamon, purple, chocolate.
Norwegian Forest Cat - character
Sometimes inexperienced owners of these animals call their pets wild Norwegian cats. Wildness in these animals is no more than that of representatives of other domestic breeds. These are sociable and affectionate animals that value and respect human attention.
The Norwegian Forest Cat, whose photo you can see in our article, does not mark its territory, which is why it is ideal for living in a city apartment.
These are very active, sociable and funny animals. Friendly to everyone in the family, do not need complex care. By nature, the representatives of this breed are endowed with a calm character.They have a strong hunting instinct, they are hardy and playful. Such a cat is not easy to ruffle - it is not vindictive at all.
Strangers are wary. Such vigilance is due to the developed instinct of self-preservation. The Norwegian Forest Cat is not a big fan of soaking up on the owner's lap, not too fond of tenderness, but at the same time allows himself to be stroked.
Norwegian Forest Cat gets along with other pets. Even dogs become his friends. Loves independence and freedom. Good attitude to life in the countryside. These cats have very strong claws. These are the only representatives of the feline in the world that can descend from a tree, like a squirrel - head down.
Speaking about the advantages and disadvantages of the breed, it is impossible not to say about the strong psyche of these cats. They are not shy and very patient - it is easier for them to leave the zone of the alleged conflict than to release their claws, they are loyal to unwary children. But we do not recommend leaving your pet alone with mice, birds - after all, these are forest hunters, it doesn’t matter in the past.
Norwegian Forest Cat needs no more attention than any other cat.He will need a cozy and soft bedding, "tree" for climbing, toys. Outside the city of a pet, you can let go of a walk alone, without supervision - this smart animal will not run away anywhere.
Perhaps this characteristic is somewhat relaxing - many may think that the Norwegian cat is perfect. This is not true. Kittens need to be taught from an early age to grooming their claws, cleaning their ears and other hygiene procedures - only in this case caring for a pet will not be difficult, there will be no unnecessary emotions, scratches and offenses.
This issue needs to be given special attention. The task of the owner - to teach the baby to enjoy the "meeting" with a comb. Your pet's luxury coat will look perfect if you comb it at least once a month.
In the period of molting, which happens three times a year, you should use a slipper or a brush with frequent teeth. For combing a single-row metal brush, sprinkled with a cat antistatic. In general, grooming is easy, even for an inexperienced owner, but it should be regular.
In the matter of nutrition, everything is very simple - the Norwegian forest cat is not picky about food, it will not require any special delicacies from you.But it should be remembered that the diet significantly affects the lifespan of your pet.
If you buy a kitten in the nursery, consult with the breeder, who will recommend proven and high-quality food.