Anyone who traveled to the countries of Southeast Asia may have noticed that there are Buddhism in many countries, but in each country it is its own, special. The idea seems to be the same, but the Buddha is different for everyone, the temples are different for everyone, the monks are different for everyone, and the rituals are sometimes very different. There is Chinese Buddhism, there is Indian, there is Thai, Cambodian, Vietnamese, and there is Tibetan, which is not at all like everyone else. But anyway, Buddhism is Buddhism, and all of them are united by one character - Buddha!
And there is one city on the planet where you can see Buddhism of different types and different countries in one place! This is the small Nepalese city of Lumbini, about which no one would ever have known if Buddha had not been born here!
Buddha was here, and this is one of the four holiest places for all Buddhists of the world! It could be limited to this, but the Nepalese went further. They sat and thought how to make this place even more attractive and this is what they thought up. Is it possible to build a large temple complex next to the birthplace of Buddha?but not simple, but multinational! Let every Buddhist nation bring here a piece of its Buddhism and its culture!
On this and decided. Fenced off a huge park and invited all Buddhist countries here, so that they build their own Buddhist temple in it, in their own style! And the countries responded, and surprisingly not only Buddhist) Here, in Lumbini, you can see not only representatives of traditional Asian Buddhism, but even completely non-Buddhist countries such as Germany or Austria !!!
By the way, I’ll start my report from Germany. Before you - a German Buddhist temple - Great Drigung Kagyud Lotus Stupa. I myself was shocked - a German Buddhist temple in Nepal !!! Where is the world going ???
This is a very nice temple, made in the classic Tibetan style with an unfinished Nepalese "lotus" stupa on the roof.
But the representative of French Buddhism - the temple Linh Son. Interestingly, and in France there are Buddhist temples of this level?
The Austrians also did not lag behind their European counterparts. Their temple is architecturally simple from the outside, but beautiful inside (unfortunately it is forbidden to take pictures there), and translate its complicated name yourself - Mother Temple of Graduated path to Enlightment!
While this is all Buddhist European temples, but there is a place for others, there would be a desire)
And we will move on to more classical Buddhist countries and begin, of course, from Nepal. We are in Nepal !!!
Nepalis did not bother and built ... stupa! And not just a stupa, but a smaller copy of one of its holiest stupas - Swayambhunath!
But, unlike the original, this stupa can be "entered" inside. In general, Tibetan stupas usually have no interior, and even such sizes. But here Lumbini, the tourist park and the "exhibition of temples," so they made something like a temple inside the stupa.
And opposite the "Swayambhunath" stands a traditional Tibetan (!) Temple! This is a classic Tibetan style, square shapes, classic deer with a wheel on the roof, classic black windows, gilded roofs, red columns and everything else!
Tibetan stupa - Manang Samaj is right next to the beautiful and well-kept green garden.
Inside which you can admire the Tibetan paintings and the statue of the golden Buddha Shakyamuni. And on the ceiling - the classic Tibetan mandala.
Not only temples are built in Lumbini, but also monasteries. The most real monasteries in which the most real monks live and study.And here is one of them - Karma Samteling - a classic Tibetan monastery.
Very young monks study here.
On the territory of the monastery are several beautiful stupas. I wanted to go see them closer, but I was asked to retire, because this area is closed to tourists.
Let's go further .... and then we have China. Modest, beautiful, rich, but no frills)
Koreans have not completed their temple yet and are now engaged in exterior decoration. I think when they complete it - it will be a very beautiful structure!
And we go further and see dragons on the roof of the Vietnamese temple! Frankly, when I was in Vietnam, it seemed to me that Buddhism was not at all popular there. There, all preach Confucianism - the worship of ancestors, which is rather a philosophy, not a religion. But it turns out that there are Buddhists in Vietnam and the temple they built is very beautiful!
The temple is not completed yet and the entrance to its territory was closed, but fortunately pliable guards opened the gate for us and allowed to see it!
The Vietnamese built a very beautiful park in their territory besides the main temple, and a pond in the park, and in the center of the pond a Pagoda of the Pillar, a copy of the famous pagoda in the center of Hanoi.Even this copy seems to me more beautiful than the original)
Despite the fact that Buddhism is very popular in Sri Lanka, their temple in Lumbini is very modest. It's even hard to pick out some kind of architectural structure.
A sort of open-air temple. But apparently, Sri Lankans like true Buddhists strive for simplicity in everything ....
And in the distance, you can already see a stunning colorful Cambodian roof. This architectural style is difficult to confuse with any other.
So what are we waiting for? Let's go to "Cambodia" !!!
By the way, it is best to move around the park on rickshaws, which offer their services at the entrance to the complex. The park is quite large and walking will be slightly problematic, especially in the heat under the scorching sun. Again, good rickshaws will also conduct a tour, and help you get to some inaccessible places. That rickshaws helped us to negotiate with the guards of the Vietnamese temple and get inside)
The Cambodian temple, despite not the richest country, is being built on a very large scale, and they do not spare money!
One fence is worth something !!! And it is not painted yet !!!
The temple itself is also covered in forests. The roof has already been finished and is now actively engaged in decorating its bottom.I have not been to Cambodia yet, therefore I saw the temple in such a style for the first time. The main "trick" Cambodian temples - these sharp peaks on the roof.
I can imagine how beautiful he will be when he is finished !!!
Statues are standing below and waiting in the wings. Interestingly, they also painted?
Inside, by the way, the Cambodian temple is already completed and looks very decent!
Well, these stupas are recognizable from afar - this is Burma (it’s Myanmar). The Burmans didn’t invent anything, build some unthinkable temples, but simply put up their classic golden stupa and that's it.) Despite the fact that the door seems to be there, you can’t go inside, as you would in a Nepalese stupa! So we admire the outside and move on.
Buddha was born in India, and it is India that is the country where Buddhism originated. But ... this religion in India is completely unpopular, and therefore the Indian temple to the horror is simple and modest. Outside there is nothing at all that would somehow resemble a Buddhist temple.