Kiev garden-school Montessori 1 steps
This article will introduce you to the Kiev School of Montessori. It opened in September 1992 in the Darnitskiy district and last year celebrated its 10th anniversary. It is state an institution.
School status: School - kindergarten 1 stage.
The school has a membership in:
International Children's Organization at UNESCO;
International Montessori Society (AMI);
American Montessori Society (AMS).
So what does it represent Kiev school Montessori? What is different from the traditional school? Does it a copy of world famous schools abroad?
The creators of the school and did not set the goal is to recreate the model of the Montessori school in its pure form. (Similar Schools exist in Holland, Germany, USA and other countries of the world). Team successfully created the Ukrainian model of this school, fully adapted to the conditions and the social needs of our state, our national culture.
From other educational institutions The Montessori School is distinguished by its pedagogical approaches and teaching methods. the specifics of the daily regimen, and the rules for creating the spirit of unity with which so famous Montessori schools in the international education system.
And now - more about the most the school.
The class structure corresponds stages of child development in Montessori:
Period I - Infant-Toddler (0-3 years)
II period - preschool classes (3 years - 6 years)
III period - classes of elementary school (6 - 9 years).
At school, one todler class, five pre-school and four classes of primary school (at the end of 2002). Average the number of pupils in classes is 20 people.
What and how to teach in Kiev school Montessori? What are the main characteristics of the Montessori method?
First - perhaps the most basic! - it is respect for the personality of the child, for the potential inherent in it. Maria Montessori called her program a systemself-developmentbaby in a specially prepared environment. "Everything is controlled by nature!" - under this motto adults should act. And what can a child do? from nature? Possessing a special “absorbing mind”, the child is capable of independent development. He can perceive and assimilate all that surrounds him, easily and joyfully, without coercion.
In a Montessori school, kids interact with the environment and find everything that matches their interests at this particular stage of development. The teacher is preparing this environment, guided by knowledge of sensitive developmental periods of the child. Watching the kids the teacher changes the environment in the classroom according to their needs. In this way, Kids learn through independent work with the so-called Montessori - the material.
Montessori school is different from the traditional also the fact that the child has the right to choose. He chooses the material place and duration of work with him, thereby learning to organize their own activity The child has the right to choose a partner for communication. Conversation is going in a low voice, so as not to disturb others. Children on their own life experiences (and not thanks to notations and boring, useless conversations) learn to respect the person other.
So, studying at the Kiev school Montessori children have:
Comfortable environment. (It includes the Montessori material, which provides a child’s self-learning process)
Observing, professionally trained teacher
Freedom of action and choice of activities
Adequate time for successful work (namely, it helps the child to develop independence and self-esteem)
The ability to evaluate yourself without competition (the child’s success compared with the successes of others, he masters the ability to evaluate himself as a result self-motivation).
Now "look" in different classes Kiev School of Montessori.
In 1999, the class opened for the youngest children from 1.5 to 3 years. In the international education system, this Age is called Toddler. Imagine a huge number of bright and interesting things that really attract a child, inviting him to be active. Working in a todler class implies maximum spontaneity! After all, for such kids there is nothing worse than the traditional “sit and listen” compulsory classes, "Do as I do." All Toddler class kids reach a certain level compulsory age knowledge, doing an exciting affair, playing and rejoicing! The main goal is to educate children’s understanding and perception of themselves.
Uneven composition class - Another feature of the Montessori school. Many parents care how do children feel in this situation? It turns out that everything is very simple: senior - the leader, the youngest - the one who is taking care of. Children treat each other very kindly, because this is one of the rules in school. And the opportunity to go through all three steps - to stay younger, middle, senior - helps the child to overcome age-related crises.
The second "visit" is for preschool children. Here children from 3 to 6 years are trained. The curriculum includes 5 core courses:
- Practical life skills
- Speech development
- Cosmic education.
For each of these areas there is a certain set of didactic Montessori material.
Now - more about each course.
Practical life skills
The main type of work here is exercises aimed at learning the skills of practical life. Child seeks to such exercises, because feels that it is becoming more independent, less and less depends on adults. But this is how the sense of self develops. dignity, self-confidence! The kid learns to correct his mistakes, he comes the conclusion of the need for order and cleanliness, peace and quiet. Doing exercises the child improves control and coordination of his own movements. But how it is necessary at this age to develop the muscles of the hand, as it is useful to the future first grader when he learns to write! It is even impossible to list all actions that are performed by guys with the help of the hand! They cut, mold, crumple, shift, poured, pierced, pulled, strung, grabbed, swept, wiped, wash, clean, knit, sew. Eyes are trained, coordination of movements develops. Kids learn to focus, organize their own activities.
The next course is "Sensory"
Here children are offered a complex exercises that give them the opportunity to conduct research and knowledge of the environment environment, experiment, correlate concepts, sizes, shapes, sizes, lengths, heights, volumes, tastes, colors, etc.The goal of the class is not to have the child memorize. form, color, etc., but to teach a child to analyze his feelings, develop attention, the ability to compare and reason.
Third year - mathematics
As a rule, there are no questions for parents to study mathematics. - everyone knows what it is and why it is necessary. However, it is very important how to learn. AT Montessori school child almost in the game learns to add and subtract, realizes concepts such as "even" and "odd" number, etc.
Amazing visual material allows kids not only to understand the essence of mathematical operations, but also, in the words of Maria Montessori, “literally see, feel on the touch level a variety of abstract values and operate with them. " Teacher is nothing Do not impose a child, because the baby has a natural need for knowledge the secrets of mathematics! And how can he get past the bright game laid out on the carpet, which actually is a didactic material for mastering the concept of discharges numbers!
The next course is "Development speeches "
And here - learning is joy, learning is creative. The child simply realizes his natural need for communication, learns to read and write. And all this - with the help of the so-called “speech zone materials”, which make learning a challenging addicting game. Montessori teachers speak much less compared to traditional teachers, because prefer to show, not the story. After all, it is known that preschool children are just physiologically do not perceive the flow of words. At the same time, the vocabulary of pupils of the Kiev Montessori school is rich enough. Children get used to speaking figuratively, clearly speaking his thought, because this is how the teacher talks to them.
It should be noted very interesting work aimed at learning to write letters. A variety of didactic materials allow the baby to "get acquainted" with the letter, encircling it by stencil and performing many such fascinating and useful operations. And working out writing letters is carried out with chalk, and with a wet finger, and on semolina, and on paper. This occupation cannot be called dull and monotonous!
Since 2002, the program "Space Education" has been introduced into the program for preschoolers. Here the child learns to navigate in the world of objects, gets the first knowledge in physics, chemistry, biology, geography, history, astronomy. Purpose of space education - the creation of ideas about the orderliness of the surrounding world. Than earlier, the child is aware of the unity and complexity of the relationship of cosmic phenomena, the earlier and more fully he will be able to feel responsibility for all that his surrounds.
Children aged 6 to 9 study in elementary school.
What is the principal is the difference between primary education in a traditional school and in the montessori kiev school?
Here the child becomes on position of the researcher of the world. The Montessori system is creative, invisible for children the transition from the physical understanding of the world to the abstract. And, as always, a huge role in learning is played by Montessori material. It is served in a certain sequences to bring the child to the discovery that he will make on his own.
There is a myth that children after training in a Montessori school have difficulty learning, because more often learn autonomously, alone with themselves.But practice shows that students of the Montessori school easier to adapt in an unfamiliar group. After all, they have to adapt to the behavior of children of different ages and to ad hoc activities.
What is the role of the teacher in school Montessori?How is it different from a traditional school teacher?
Here he is rather the organizer of the training. Montessori mastery teacher before the whole thing is to prepare a learning space for the free work of children. And, believe me, he can pinpoint the purpose of each item in a class, knows exactly what kind of teaching is in it. The teacher is not only beautiful knows his subject, but in every child he sees a unique personality capable of to self-realization. And if a traditional teacher can tell, for example, what method, what technology he uses when teaching children how to write, A Montessori teacher will tell you how each student has traveled this path. After all he observes the path of each child and records it in special sheets of observation.
A few words about studying foreign languages.Kiev School of Montessori has the status of an educational institution with in-depth study of English from 3 years of age. Starting from 1 class, children learn Italian. Individually, at the request of parents, works as a teacher of French.
As you already understood, training in the Montessori school is impossible without a variety of didactic material. pupils daily work with wonderful material that is received from the world famous Dutch firm "Nyenhauz" in the framework of humanitarian aid. Choreographic, music, gymnasium, computer class, arts class provide an opportunity each child to creatively develop their abilities.
And if we talk about the final results, then graduates of the Kiev Montessori school have excellent quality knowledge, ability to work independently, to make their own choices in a variety of life situations.
Address: Kiev, st.