Kaunas: sights - from history to modern times
The picturesque city of Kaunas is considered the secondthe size of the population of Lithuania. It is located at the confluence of the rivers Nyaris and Nemunas. From the capital city is separated by a distance of 100 kilometers. Created in the 14th century, it has preserved to this day a piece of history that was imprinted in its old part. Here, in a wonderful way, one could add to each other the historical, archaeological and architectural sights of Kaunas. The map clearly tracks their location.
However, not only historical monumentsfamous for this city. In the first half of the 20th century, before the war began, many beautiful streets dotted with modern buildings were built here. The most elegant of them is the Laisvės alley. Kaunas Arbat is not less attractive with a lot of greenery. This is an elegant alley, the length of which reaches one and a half kilometers. It is located in the very center of the city of Kaunas. Attractions in the form of majestic architectural structures or monuments you will not see here, but nevertheless every tourist tries to spend a little time here. This avenue is full of all kinds of shops, excellent restaurants and cozy cafes. Here is the funicular. With the help of it you can climb the Alexcotsky Hill, from which you can see the beauty of the whole city.
What to see first of all, having arrived incity of Kaunas? Attractions include in their list a number of structures that recall the past victories of Lithuania. The most popular is Kaunas Castle, built in the 8th century in order to repel the attack of the Crusaders. This stone structure rises at the confluence of the rivers Nyaris and Nemunas. To date, only one third of the castle is accessible to tourists. One of the largest structures of Gothic is the house of Perkun. Immediately after construction in 1440, it was the residence of Hanseatic merchants. After the house was sold to the Jesuits in the 16th century, a chapel is installed here. Today it houses the Museum of Matskevich.
If you list the most interesting places thatis famous for Kaunas, attractions need to be supplemented with such a structure as the City Hall, which skillfully blended into the interior of the beautiful square. Its height reaches 53 meters. To date, the Town Hall performs the functions of the Palace of Marriage. In addition, there are facilities that represent individual variants of the Northern European Renaissance. These include the Holy Trinity Church and the Masalkis mansion complex. No less interesting is the Pažaislis Monastery, which is a magnificent Baroque monument. This wonderful creation of Italian masters is not bypassed by any tourist.
We continue to inspect Kaunas. Sights of a religious nature can be continued with such a majestic structure as the Vytautas the Great church, which is considered one of the oldest in the city. It proudly rises on the right bank of the Nemunas. This church is a striking example of Lithuanian Gothic brick architecture. Its appearance as a whole resembles a Latin cross. The bell tower was added a little later. Its architectural style is slightly different from the main building. In the eastern part of the Old Town, on the avenue of Freedom, you can see the church of St. Gertrude. No less attractive is the church of Archangel Mykolas, which is a structure built in neo-Byzantine style.
But these are not all the interesting places that are famous forKaunas. What to see here yet? Perhaps, in no city you will not meet the Devil's Museum. Already a name stirs curiosity and a desire to visit it. In addition, there are a number of monuments and museums that deserve the attention of every tourist. After a long walk around the city, you can go to the Zoological or Botanical Garden.