Is there a president of Japan?
Sometimes, people who are not too sophisticated in world politics can hear the logical question: “Does Japan have a president? And if so, why don't we know anything about him? ”
So, what is the name of the president of Japan 2016? To find out the answer, you need to understand the political structure of the island state. At first glance, the system seems complicated, but in fact it is similar to that used in several other countries.
Yes, you will not find a list of presidents of Japan anywhere. Such a position is simply not provided for by the state system of this eastern country. And no wonder: Japan is a monarchy, albeit a constitutional one. The role of the “president” of Japan is now performed by the prime minister, but formally the head of state is the emperor.
Does the Japanese emperor have power?
Yes and no. The supreme ruler performs approximately the same functions as the Queen of Great Britain, that is, she is present at official events and holidays. Also, his task is to sign documents, laws and treaties that are prepared by the government and the Cabinet of Ministers.
In some ways, the emperor is still the "president" of Japan.For example, he is empowered to convene parliament or dissolve the lower house. It depends on him when parliamentary elections will be held. The supreme ruler confirms the appointment of the prime minister. Also, it is to him that the minister is obliged to submit his resignation. The emperor sends ambassadors to different countries and receives envoys from other states. In the Constitution of the Land of the Rising Sun, the emperor is called "the symbol of the state and the unity of the nation." He does not have real government functions.
Who owns real power?
The real "president" of Japan can be called the prime minister. He is appointed by the emperor by the decision of the parliament. This person is responsible for the appointment of the Cabinet and Chief Justice.
The Japanese strictly comply with the constitution, which was adopted in the middle of the XX century. Since then not a single amendment has been made to it. According to the current regulations, in order to make changes to the basic law of the country, 60% of the members of the two chambers of parliament must take the appropriate decision. After this, a national referendum begins, at which the issue is considered.The most "painful" topic for the inhabitants of the Land of the Rising Sun is Article 9 of the Constitution. According to her, the country refuses to maintain the army and wage war. Sometimes there are voices in favor of initiating the abolition of the article, but so far they do not lead to anything serious.
Principle of decentralization
Japanese officials have quite a serious power. To revise the current bill or introduce a new one, they do not need to contact the “President of Japan”, that is, the emperor. It is enough to send the draft for consideration to the government, after which it is sent to parliament.
Parliament includes two chambers: representatives (lower) and councilors (upper). The term of service of a member of the House of Representatives is four years (or less in the case of dissolution). Counselors are elected for six years. In the wards there are representatives of different parties. The most numerous parties assume leadership functions.
Office in place
Japan consists of 47 prefectures. Such a strong “fragmentation” of a relatively small area requires a developed system of local self-government. Every village, every village, city or prefecture has its own controlling bodies.Elections are held every four years. The main task of local government representatives is to convene meetings to consider important issues. The Prime Minister may dismiss the prefect from office. The prefect, in turn, has the right to dismiss the mayor or village headman. The executive power is assumed by special commissions, which are elected at meetings.
According to the constitution, the judicial power of the state is independent. The Chief Justice is appointed by the emperor (but elected by representatives of the Cabinet). This body includes another 14 judges who are appointed by the cabinet. Elections are held every 10 years. The task of the judges is to decide whether the actions of the authorities are in line with the constitution and other laws of the country.
Japan has one of the most powerful economies on the planet; it is a member of many international organizations. The main partners are the Republic of Korea and the United States. Relations with Russia are relatively tense due to territorial issues (the Kuril Islands).