In what cases pregnant women are prescribed magnesium intravenously?
Many women who were on “preservation” were given magnesia intravenously. When is this drug used? And under what circumstances is it contraindicated?
Magnesia in gynecology
Magnesia is an aid in treating certain diseases, and can also reduce the risk of miscarriage and prevent various complications. Including the drug is able to relax the walls of blood vessels and muscle muscles, accelerate the process of removing fluid and normalize blood pressure. Magnesia is administered intravenously with eclampsia and pre-eclampsia, preeclampsia, accompanied by convulsions and nephropathy, the presence of swelling, hypertension, magnesium deficiency, the threat of preterm birth and if there is a predisposition to thrombophlebitis.
Why is magnesia usually injected intravenously?
There are different forms of drug release, but the most effective and comfortable for the patient is intravenousintroduction. In powder form, magnesium almost does not penetrate into the blood and has an extremely laxative effect. In some cases, intramuscular drug administration. But the shots are very painful and uncomfortable for the patients. For the introduction of magnesia using a long needle, and the solution is preheated. In case of improper administration of the drug, not only inflammation can develop, but also necrosis of the tissues at the injection site. Therefore, only a professional should perform this procedure. The injection is done very slowly, otherwise the patient will experience severe side effects: pain, weakness, fever, dizziness, a sharp drop in pressure, etc. Magnesia does not drip intravenously either very quickly. But this method is more convenient for both the medical staff and the patient. In some cases, a shot is taken in the vein.
What is dangerous magnesia?
Some doctors find this therapy useless and even dangerous, but in general, magnesium sulphate is prescribed to most pregnant women undergoing hospital treatment. In fact, there have been no clinical studies regarding the effect of the drug on the fetus.The security argument is years of experience in use. Another reason is the danger of uterine tone, which is more harmful to the fetus than the drug. But there are various risks, including side effects and contraindications. Magnesia at a pressure that is below normal is absolutely contraindicated. After use of the drug, weakness, sweating, drowsiness, headache, anxiety, speech disorders, vomiting, etc. may appear. If pressure has decreased after the administration of magnesium sulfate, this is a reason to cancel this type of treatment. During treatment can not take calcium supplements. Also large dosages of magnesium are unacceptable - they can disrupt the functioning of the respiratory system. The drug is also canceled in the prenatal state. When magnesium is removed from the blood, its action will cease, and it will not interfere with the normal opening of the cervix. Remember that in the first trimester magnesia does not apply.