Il-114 - the eternal wanderer of air routes
By the beginning of the eighties, the AN-24, consideredthe main passenger aircraft of the USSR and widely used on domestic airlines, morally obsolete. In addition, the fleet of these machines began to decline rapidly due to the development of their resource. This added a factor, such as increased volumes of air transportation - both passenger and freight. An-24 no longer met the requirements and requirements of the new time. He needed an urgent and qualitative replacement.
In 1982, the OKB them. Ilyushin, headed at that time by chief designer G. V. Novozhilov, came up with the initiative to build a new type of passenger aircraft, IL-114, for use on local airlines. The basis for this machine was to be a thirty-year experience of operating various modifications of the IL-14.
This initiative was supported by the Minister himselfcivil aviation, which was the beginning of the design of the local Il-114 aircraft. The design work continued for a long five years, as they were conducted in parallel with the very laborious development of the trunk wide-bodied civilian long-range IL-96-300 aircraft.
And only in July 1987 was designedfull-scale model of the machine, in which almost all the systems of the future IL-114 were reproduced. The most complete reflection in the layout found a salon for sixty seats, and the cockpit of the crew was also modeled in detail. After detailed and thorough consideration by the dummy commission of the presented IL-114 project, a decision was made to start its serial production.
The leading enterprise for the production of this machineappointed the aircraft manufacturing association of Tashkent, which before that released a lot of models of "Ilyushins." As the second serial enterprise, the Moscow aircraft factory "Znamya Truda", which has been leading its history since 1909, was chosen.
The aircraft was constructed from high-strengthaluminum and titanium alloys, as well as from a variety of composite and non-metallic materials. The fuel system of this aircraft includes two caisson-tanks located in the wing. Their total capacity is 8360 liters.
The main structural feature of thisThe machine is that it is schematically designed as a free-carrying monoplane with a low-wing wing. A pair of turboprop engines TV7-117C is installed on the plane. The diameter of the screw is 3.6 meters, and the takeoff power of one engine is 2.5 thousand liters. from.
The first flights of this model withpassengers on board took place only in 1999 (already in another country) when, after repeated tests, it was finally put into operation. The excellent aerodynamic qualities of the new aircraft, as well as its cost-effectiveness, reliability and low maintenance cost, should make the IL-114 a very popular vehicle in the civil aviation transport system. However, only 17 aircraft were produced. As of 2012, their production in Tashkent was discontinued.
To date, it is quite activethe modification of this Il-114-100 aircraft is used, which differs from the "one hundred and fourteenth" installation of more powerful PW-127H engines of Canadian production, which significantly optimized the flight characteristics of this model. This is especially noticeable in the high mountainous and hot climate of southern latitudes, for which the Il-114-110, in principle, is intended.