How to write an essay?
Many people are confused in literary genres, but it is often necessary to know their definitions precisely, because in universities, and sometimes in schools, they are given the task to write a work in a particular genre. Today we will talk about how to write an essay correctly and give its definition.
What is an essay and how to write it
The word "essay" comes from the French "essai" and means "essay, sample, attempt." How do you write an essay? To start, choose the topic about which you want to talk. And then in a free form, you simply express thoughts about the chosen topic. Note that the essay can not claim to be an exhaustive interpretation of the subject, it is just your thoughts and your point of view on the subject. Another important detail - the essay should not be large in volume, it is a small literary genre.
An essay is a new, subjectively colored view of a subject and usually has a journalistic, popular science, philosophical, literary-critical, historical-biographical, or often even simply fictional character. Most often, an essay is written in a somewhat colloquial style with abundant use of aphorisms, metaphors, and other various figures of speech, that is, quite figuratively.The essay is distinguished by the extreme subjectivity of judgments; it is a genre of literary works in which the personality of the author comes to the fore. Thus, it is precisely in the essay and in the essay that you can fully reveal your personality, as well as the way of expressing thoughts. Essay is an absolutely free point of view on certain issues. Let's just say - this is a full scope for thoughts in a few limited amounts. Volumes, of course, can be any, but then it will not be an essay. An essay is a brief and at the same time succinct expression of its point of view on the subject. Therefore, the motto of the essay, you can choose Chekhov: "Brevity - the sister of talent."
How did the essay
We have already discussed what an essay is and how to write an essay correctly, now a little history. In one form or another, the essay is also found among ancient authors - Plato, Origen, Tertullian and others. In the Middle Ages, Meister Eckhart and Martin Luther wrote essays in the genre, expressing their thoughts in a form very close to the modern essay. Many literary scholars tend to regard the recognized authors of this genre as the famous Frenchman Michel Montaigne, who in 1580 published his work entitled Les essais (Experiments) and the equally famous Englishman Francis Bacon, who called his books 1597, 1612 and 1625. "essays".And in 1609, the word "essayist" was first used by the English writer Ben Johnson.
The development of essay prose in Europe
Further in this genre such great masters as Voltaire and Diderot in France, Herder and Lessing in Germany, Addison, Fielding and Steele in England wrote. It should be noted that the essay has received the greatest distribution in the English literature of the XIX-XX centuries. Writers such as Carlyle, Hazlitt, Arnold, Birbom, Chesterton repeatedly addressed him. In the twentieth century, essays are flourishing Suffice it to mention the names of only a few writers to understand how popular this genre was at that time. This is Bernard Shaw, Romain Rolland, HG Wells, George Orwell, Thomas Mann, Andre Maurois, Jean-Paul Sartre. We add that in a certain period of time (the 70s of the 20th century), an essay in many ways turned into a genre of literary-critical assessment of both events and phenomena, and opuses of fellow literary men.
Essay in Russia and in neighboring countries
In the Russian classical literature, the essay genre has not gained much popularity. Nevertheless, we note that such outstanding masters of different eras, such as A. N. Radischev, A. I. Herzen, F. M. Dostoevsky, V. I.Ivanov, D. S. Merezhkovsky, Andrey Bely, V. Rozanov, I. Ehrenburg, Y. Olesha, V. Shklovsky, K. Paustovsky successfully used this short and succinct genre. We add that the essay has become quite widespread in the countries of the near abroad, and more precisely, in Lithuania. Lithuanian is generally related to Russian and is not inferior to it in terms of wealth, therefore Lithuanians also have a lot of means for expressing thoughts.
How to write a plan essay
We now turn to drawing up a work plan. How is a plan made and how to write a plan for an essay? Yes, very simple. Do not complicate simple things. Read carefully a paragraph or more, what are they about? So describe it in the paragraph of the plan in a few words. Making a plan generally disciplines thought. See how this article is compiled. It is divided into chapters. In your case, the titles of the chapters will be points of the plan. All you need is to understand what this or that piece of text narrates, and it's nice to call it. Further, it is very useful to keep the plan in front of your eyes and tell about your work according to it - such a procedure trains well both memory and oratorical abilities, which is never superfluous.Now, many people write more than they say, but oral skills are often decisive in different life situations. Let's hope that now you understand how to write an essay correctly and beautifully.