How to whiten laundry at home
Often we deny ourselves the purchase of white things. It is quickly smeared, it is difficult or impossible to wipe the stains, it is necessary to erase separately from other things - common arguments against white. But is it so difficult to return things white color? Here are some tips on how to whiten laundry at home.
Bleach or not?
Spots on white things will upset any hostess. After all, the beloved blouse or shirt of her husband can be hopelessly spoiled! The question arises: how to save a thing and not harm it at the same time? You can, of course, turn to specialists, giving clothes to dry cleaners. But there is not always an opportunity to do this. Then you should simply choose the right tool and method of bleaching, since they are not so little.
Preparation for washing
In order for the laundry to become white for sure, and all the stains are gone from the fabric, you need to prepare things for washing. It is better to do this by first dousing them.Pour warm water into a wide basin, add detergent, bleach (if the fabric allows), and place the laundry. Leave things soaked for 4–5 hours, and then proceed to the wash.
If you plan to use a certain bleaching agent, do not be lazy and check its effect on an inconspicuous area or a separate piece of the same fabric so as not to spoil the laundry.
How to whiten things at home: traditional methods
In the arsenal of every housewife there will surely be such a household chemical item as bleach. Bleaches are different, so carefully read the instructions. We list the most popular and common means for removing stains from white things.
The most popular brands are "Belize", "Ace".
The main component of "Whiteness" is active chlorine. It is he who eliminates stains and whitens the material. In addition to chlorine, "Belizna" can include surfactants, which enhance the effect of the drug. With the help of "Whiteness" you can bleach only cotton and linen. Silk, wool, synthetics will not transfer washing with "Belize".And before bleaching cotton and linen fabrics, you should carefully read the instructions and follow the exact dosage. Otherwise, things will quickly wear out and become useless.
Whiteness perfectly whitens thick fabrics
"Whiteness" is used only for manual washing! You can not add the product to the washing machine!
Use "Whiteness" depending on what result you plan to see after washing. If you want to keep white color or update it, to save things from yellowing, do the following:
- In 10 liters of cool water, dilute 2 tbsp. l Whiteness.
- Soak the laundry for 20 minutes. Soak the laundry for 1 hour if you want to eliminate the yellowness and return the original color.
- Rinse the laundry thoroughly.
If you want to remove the stain from the dense fabric, for example, from the bedspread:
- Apply "Whiteness" to the stain.
- Hold for one minute.
- Soak the item with detergent for 4–5 hours.
When working with "Belize", take precautions: wear gloves, avoid contact with eyes and respiratory tract.
By the way, "White" retains its detergent properties for six months and can not be stored in the cold.Use an open bottle for 6 months and store in a dark warm place.
Oxygen bleach less aggressive than chlorine. The active ingredients in their composition are hydrogen peroxide and sodium percarbonate. Also surfactants, conditioner can be added to the bleach. Therefore, as a rule, oxygen bleaches are available in liquid form. But there are also powder products. Oxygen bleach brands:
- Extra Pers;
- Ace oxi;
- Clax Sonril conc 40A1;
- BOS Plus and others.
Oxygen bleach can be used for hand washing and for washing in an automatic machine. Bleaches of this type are intended both for white, and for color linen.
If you are washing in the machine, load the oxygen bleach along with the detergent into the dispenser. Count the portion according to the instructions.
For hand washing, we recommend soaking with bleach. Soak time also see the instructions for the tool.
Optical brighteners are not represented by any separate means. They are part of washing powders and stain removers.The principle of their action is tinting. That is, the spots do not disappear anywhere, but are simply painted over with fluorescent paints.
Choosing bleach, carefully read the instructions, which should be indicated types of fabrics for which they are intended. Remember that chlorine bleach can not be used when washing delicate fabrics.
Folk bleaching methods
It so happens that the traditional bleach in the house was not found. Then you can turn to non-traditional methods of bleaching. Some of the tools were used by our grandmothers, others are identical to industrial ones, just cooked at home.
As you remember, hydrogen peroxide is part of the oxygen bleach. Therefore, she can be trusted with her things. Hydrogen peroxide can be used for bleaching cotton, linen and synthetic fabrics:
Hydrogen peroxide will be used to bleach clothes
- Add hydrogen peroxide to the detergent during machine washing (10 ml per 25 liters of detergent or gel for five minutes at a temperature of 70–80 degrees). If conditions cannot be met, wash by hand.
- To whiten the underwear, dilute three tablespoons of 3% peroxide in 12 liters of hot water. Soak clean linen in the solution for one hour, and then rinse and dry as usual.
- To bleach woolen and silk things, it is necessary to prepare a solution: for 12 liters of warm water 250 g. salt, 30 gr. washing powder and 1 liter of hydrogen peroxide. Soak things for 3-4 hours, and then rinse well.
- For washed-up things, this method is suitable: rub the item with soap and place it in hot water. Add hydrogen peroxide to water at a rate of 40 ml per 5 liters of water. Bleach in this way for 3 hours, and then rinse the laundry.
- To restore the original whiteness to the grayed tulle by 10 liters of water, add 1 tbsp. l ammonia and 2 tbsp. l peroxide. Soak for 5 minutes, then rinse in cold water. In a similar solution, you can boil the bed linen. (35 grams of ammonia and 35 g of peroxide are added to an aluminum or enameled basin of water, boiled for 40 minutes).
- In combination with lemon juice, peroxide removes yellow spots on things from synthetics. The juice of one lemon is mixed with 1 tsp. peroxide and put on stains, after 30 minutes rinse.
The old grandma's method is boiling. The method is really effective if everything is done correctly. You can only boil cotton and linen. For boiling, a zinc or enameled container is suitable, at the bottom of which a white rag is put. The powder or soap is well dissolved in water, and the spots are soaped. Lingerie should be covered with water. To enhance the effect, you can add a tablespoon of ammonia. Boil should be at least 30 minutes. It all depends on the degree of contamination of things. In the process of linen is better to stir with a wooden stick.
Instead of a powder for boiling, you can use a mixture of mashed soap and soda ash (lye) in a 1: 1 ratio. Another solution - mix one teaspoon of bleach with a liter of water, defend, a clear solution add to the water for boiling. But this tool can damage the fabric, be careful!
Boiling laundry video
Vegetable oil and mustard
Kitchen towels are often very dirty. For them, experienced housewives suggest using such a tool:
- 2.5 large spoons of vegetable oil;
- 1 large spoon of bleach (usually taken dry);
- half a cup washing powder;
- 5 liters of water (not boiling water, but hot).
Soak the towels for 2-3 hours, and then wash as usual.
Another way to whiten kitchen towels is to soak them in mustard water. To do this, add mustard powder to the boiling water. As the water cools down, it will settle, and in it put towels, having previously filtered the water. For 3 liters of water you need 3 tbsp. l mustard powder.
Vegetable oil is also useful for soaking towels.
For white socks, golf, T-shirts, boric acid solution is perfect: 2 tbsp. l 4 liters of water. Soak things in the solution for 2 hours, then wash. Also, this tool helps to fight fungal diseases.
Boric acid not only cleans, but also disinfects underwear
Soda also helps to whiten clothes, and without harming the fabric. You can even bleach soda with baby clothes. To do this, soak them for several hours in water with the addition of soda (10 liters one third of the glass).
Strengthen the effect of soda ammonia will help: 5 tbsp. l alcohol, 10 tbsp. l soda for 10 liters of warm water. Soak the laundry for three hours and wash.
Soda gently whitens things
For bleaching, you can use potassium permanganate, or simply potassium permanganate. To do this, in five liters of hot water dissolve 100 grams. washing powder and 2–3 manganese crystals. Potassium permanganate is diluted with water to a pink hue. Soak your laundry overnight. Rinse in the morning.
Laundry detergent can be replaced with 100 grams of rubbed soap.
Manganese will refresh the look of the laundry
The principle of bleaching with citric acid is similar to the others: pour 2–3 tbsp. l citric acid in 5 liters of hot water, add 100 grams. laundry detergent or laundry soap and soak the laundry in the resulting mixture for 2–3 hours. After rinse the laundry.
Citric acid fights stains on white underwear
Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) will help remove the yellow spots of sweat on white shirts or T-shirts. To do this, dissolve two tablets in a half-glass of warm water and pour the stains with a solution for two hours. Then wash in the usual way.
Aspirin tablets solution helps remove yellow spots
Turpentine can be bleached cotton items. At 5 liters of warm water, add 5 tablespoons. lturpentine and soak the laundry for three hours. Then wash.
Turpentine can be used in bleaching cotton clothes.
Bleaching with blue has been done for a long time. But now the method has not lost its relevance. Dilute the blue in water to a pale blue and rinse the gray things in it. Blue has a tint effect.
Blueka - one of the old folk bleaching products
Perhaps you didn’t even know how much bleaching you have in your arsenal! Just remember that some tools should be used with caution so as not to harm not only the fabric, but also their health. For example, in no case can not inhale vapors of ammonia at boiling.
Whitening in the washing machine
The above mentioned products are applied, as a rule, during manual washing. But if there is no time for it? Of course, you can whiten things in the washing machine. First of all it can be done with the help of traditional oxygen bleach. They fall asleep in the bleach dispenser. If there is no such machine, then it is better to select the “Prewash” mode and pour bleach into the powder compartment, and the powder into the prewash department.Pour liquid bleach after a short time after the beginning of washing, when the powder has already been washed off.
A tool such as "Domestos", it turns out, can also participate in bleaching. It is poured into the dispenser with powder according to the instructions.
To enhance the effect of the powder during washing, you can add 2-3 drops of dishwashing detergent.
You can also add baking soda to the powder in the dispenser. It will not only soften the water, but also enhance the whitening effect.
Bleaching in dry cleaning
If it is impossible to cope with stains on white things on your own or you simply do not want to risk your favorite thing, then contact a dry-cleaning professional. Before putting things in dry cleaning, pay attention to the labels. It indicates whether the item can be dry cleaned. Hand over things immediately after use so that the stains do not get stale.
Features of bleaching of different items of clothing and linen
When choosing a method of bleaching, consider also what thing you are going to bleach.
Underwear, especially lace, is better to wash in warm water by hand, in order to prevent a washed-up grayish look.If you still need to whiten the underwear, then the best way is hydrogen peroxide. To bleach, add 5 tbsp. l peroxide in 2 liters of water, put the laundry in this solution for half an hour, then rinse.
Whitening painted objects
It happens that along with the white thing in the drum of the car gets a color. The white thing acquires a shade or is generally colored. In this case, you can resort to a special tool "Antilin", which will correct the error. But the people's means should not be neglected. To whiten shaded things can be done by boiling in a solution of peroxide: 2 tbsp. l 4 liters of water.
Bail out can such a mixture: starch, citric acid, salt, laundry soap in equal proportions. The resulting paste is applied to the stains from the inside for 12 hours. After time, rinse things.
Whitening things from polyester
Synthetic things - underwear, blouses, tulle can also be bleached at home. But it is important to remember that they can not be bleached at high temperatures, chlorine bleach can not be used and dried in the sun.
You can whiten things from polyester using salt: pour 600 grams of water onto 10 liters of water.salt and soak in the laundry solution. After two hours rinse.
You can also use ammonia with soda: for 10 liters of water 2 tbsp. l ammonia and 10 tbsp. l soda Soak for three hours. After soaking, be sure to wash.
Whitening colored items
If you have white things with a color pattern, then the question of whitening seems even more complicated. After all, whitening the whole thing can damage the print. In fact, there is a way out of such situations.
First of all, you need to remove the spots from the white areas of the fabric. This can be done with stain removers. For example, Vanish or laundry soap. And then wash the thing as usual.
If it's not the spots, but the fact that the clothes are gray, become washed, try the following method:
- connect 2 tbsp. l hydrogen peroxide, 2 tbsp. l ammonia and 4 tbsp. l soda;
- add the mixture to the powder when washing;
- wash your clothes as usual.
This tool can be used both in hand and machine washable. Soda and peroxide will not damage the colored areas, but will only give them brightness, and white will bleach. Ammonia strengthen effect.
How to change the color of clothes whitening
In order not to be unfounded, we give a few reviews on various methods of bleaching.
I think for many the problem of stains on clothes is relevant. Especially for moms of little kids.After all, who does not want the child to look neat? I feel more comfortable if even home-wear for children looks more or less neat. For these purposes, I buy a bleaching agent "BOS" -plus maximum. (...) I want to note some of the advantages and disadvantages of bleach. Pluses: Inexpensive. Does not contain chlorine. Well removes stains. Suitable for colored items. Disadvantages: Can thin the fabric. (With repeated use). Badly colored things can fade. I recommend to buy this bleach. It will be very good for household and children's things, kitchen towels. The truth is to take into account the durability of the dye (usually this sin Chinese things from the market). Factory things especially do not lose color.
And my grandmother uses peroxide as an excellent bleach of white things. Some use bleach for this purpose. But it's not a secret to anyone that bleach is harmful to the respiratory tract and how much it irritates the skin! Therefore, it is more advantageous to qualitatively bleach things with hydrogen peroxide. Let me recipe! Recipe proven over the years. Recipe: Whitening white things will also help hydrogen peroxide. To do this, dilute 3% hydrogen peroxide in a ratio of 1 teaspoon to 2 liters of water and dip the white wardrobe items into this solution for about 20 minutes.Stir the clothes periodically to bleach as evenly as possible.
I have a year already switched to stain remover oxi max. I have it separate for color and for white. When it is necessary to cast things, I put the regime with preliminary washing and add oxy in both compartments (both for soaking and washing) to the base powder. Usually I use powder. Myth. I tried Ace, Vanish and Boss earlier. Ac from Aunt Asya :) I was satisfied for a long time, but then something passed the position. Asom used not liquid, but powder. There is liquid in the house, but it is just like that. But Oxy is doing great now. To save, I buy in a soft package.
Dear girls. I did it all !!! It was an old towel that washed with a red bag. He had a pink-gray tint. I soaked in a mixture: washing powder, soda, peroxide and ammonia. The water was 60 degrees. Soaked for about forty minutes. True, instead of 1 teaspoon I poured 1 tablespoon per 2 liters. The effect is colossal !!! The towel became white !!!
So, for bleaching laundry use traditional or folk methods. Always take into account the composition of the fabric you are going to whiten and take precautions.