How the Russians fought cockroaches
With these annoying insects, humanity has lived side by side for more than one century. All this time, in just what ways the homeowners did not try to get rid of the uninvited guests. In the modern world, pesticides are used for this, and how did they fight cockroaches in Russia?
Where did the "Prusaks" come from in Russia?
In the medieval Russian chronicles there is no mention of domestic pests. Historians attribute the first negative remarks to them to the middle of the 18th century and they are associated with the Seven Years War in Europe, in which Russian troops also took part. Then, in 1757, Austria, France, Russia and Saxony united against Prussia and England. Russian soldiers, with varying success, fought in the Prussian lands and at the end of the war went home. And already being in their homeland, they were surprised to find that their carts, duffel bags, as well as collars and pockets of uniforms, were simply infested with some kind of red insects. The fact that they were attracted to the remains of meat and bread crumbs, the soldiers did not think.The Prusaks, as the Russians nicknamed them, very soon bred in all the villages and towns and could be seen not only in peasant huts and in the inn, but also in the mansions of noble landowners. Previously unknown insects, not biting a man and fearing him like fire, were initially perceived as harbingers of profit. They were even used as a medicine - they were added to vodka, believing that then it would be useful for colds. The peasants have come up with a sign associated with them - if the "Prusaks" run out of the house en masse, then a fire will happen soon. True or not - is unknown. But it soon became clear that the same food that people eat is needed by the new insects, and the Russians are seriously thinking about how to save their homes, taverns and inns from these small parasites.
What is this cockroach?
All insects, similar in behavior to the "Prusack", in Russia began to be called cockroaches. Rumor has it that the name was invented by the Russian Tatars, whose language belongs to the Turkic group - they had in their lexicon the word “tarkhan”, meaning a clan, which was generic exempt from all taxes and “owed nothing to anyone”.Indeed, in Russia, cockroaches, unlike other insects, did not integrate into the food chain: not a single animal or bird eats them. But it was necessary to destroy cockroaches: the majority of the country's population never had food abundance, and then there were these parasites. But then the Russians did not know that, unlike people, cockroaches can live without food for about 40 days and are able to do without air for 45 minutes, so even to drown them in water will not work. And in a year one female cockroach is able to lay more than 2 million eggs, and where these insects were rare recently, soon hordes of cockroaches were running.
How to kill cockroaches
But on the other hand, people very quickly realized that for a normal life, cockroaches need a warm and humid room, and at low temperatures they die. And this is true: entomologists claim that at +15 cockroaches cease to multiply and cling to, at - 5 die in half an hour, and at -7 - in a minute. And the Russians came up with a way to get rid of cockroaches. This was usually done in a harsh winter; in the hut they stopped burning the stove, opened windows and doors wide open and went to their neighbors for a day. Cockroaches could not run across from a cooling hut to another frost, following the warm air, they crawled to the ceiling and froze to death,soon showered on the floor. The family who had returned home needed only to sweep away a whole bunch of cockroaches and throw it out behind the outskirts.
But the "Prusaks" annoyed people in the summer. Noticing the insects' eating habits, they were given different traps. Left on the tables old dishes with the remnants of beer or honey, and then, when it was filled with always hungry cockroaches, covered with a lid and thrown out. In another, more efficient way was the preparation of decoctions. Fresh leaves of tansy, wormwood, mint, wild rosemary, honeysuckle, anise and sprigs of red elderberry were boiled, poured the ready solution into cups and placed on the hut. And also laid out the plants themselves in all corners of the room. Cockroaches hate the smells of these herbs, but they still drink the solutions prepared for them and die from poisoning. The remaining individuals, as a rule, scatter, emigrate to their neighbors. And later from them they move back to the same hut where they lived, when the grass there will finally wither and the owners will get tired of cooking their broths.
Therefore, completely get rid of cockroaches can only now, with the advent of modern chemicals. And that is the case, alas, difficult.