History and description of the coat of arms of Germany
Germany is a state in Central Europe. She was always among the world leaders and had a huge political and economic impact on the lives of many countries. Today it occupies the first position in terms of speed of development and standard of living and is considered one of the great powers. What does the coat of arms of Germany look like and what does it mean? How did it change in different periods of state history?
Coat of arms of Germany: photo and description
In its present form, the national emblem of the republic was approved in 1950. Its appearance is maximally simplified, compared to many previous versions. The coat of arms of Germany has no holders, a complex multi-layered composition or lush framing. All that it depicts is a black eagle on a yellow background.
The shield of the coat of arms of the Varangian form is triangular and pointed at the end. The bird occupies the entire surface of the shield. Her wings are wide open, and her head is turned to the left. The large clawed paws and the open beak, from which the tongue protrudes, are depicted in bright red.Together, red, yellow and black correlate with the colors of the national flag of Germany. There is also a second version of the coat of arms, in which the bird is depicted in black and white without a shield and no additional objects.
The eagle is one of the most common symbols in heraldry and it has been present on the arms of Germany since the early Middle Ages. Traditionally, it means insight, courage, power and immortality. Since ancient times, this bird of prey has become associated with strength and supremacy. Therefore, it often became a symbol of empires and influential states that wanted to demonstrate their power.
Over the long history of Germany, the eagle on its coat of arms has repeatedly changed its appearance. At first it was very similar to the current version - a black single-headed bird on a golden background. It is assumed that he appeared as the emblem of Charlemagne, king of the Holy Roman Empire, and comes from the aquila (legion sign in the form of an eagle) of the ancient Roman army.
In the XV century, the bird began to be depicted with two heads, around which, like halos, were white circles, and a crown was placed above the heads.Such a coat of arms served as the emblem of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation, and when it fell apart, it passed to Austria-Hungary and the German Union.
In 1871, the bird became one-head, and a miniature shield appeared on its chest with an eagle in its crown, holding in its paws the symbols of an empire. The small eagle, in turn, also had a heraldic shield on its chest, divided into four fields of white and black. The design of the emblem was changed several times and represented either a golden crown, or a crown with an order, or two half-naked men with batons as supporters.
In the XX century, the image of the coat of arms was simplified as much as possible and returned to the earliest version. From 1935 to 1945, a black eagle without a shield served as the emblem of the Third Reich. In his paws was an oak wreath, inside which there was a swastika.
German Democratic Republic
In October 1949, the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) were formed. The emblem of the latter was the black eagle on a yellow background, while the golden hammer framed with a wreath of two ears became the emblem of the GDR.
East Germany chose the socialist path of development, and the hammer on its emblem meant the working peasants as the dominant group of the state.In 1953, it was supplemented by a golden compass - a symbol of the laboring intelligentsia. There were more ears of corn in the frame, and a ribbon in the colors of a black-red-yellow flag twisted around them. In 1955, the composition of the coat of arms began to be depicted on a red background.