Footer - what kind of fabric? Fabric composition and description
Buying new clothes, people tend to look beautiful and attractive. At the same time, the comfort of the upgrade is of great importance. After all, everyone knows the feeling when clothes cause irritation, itching, nibbles. But this will never happen if you wear a piece of material called footer. What kind of fabric, what is it made of, how to handle it?
Basic requirements for fabrics
Buying a new favorite thing, do not give in to the catchy appearance.
Take some time and look at the label on the wrong side of the product. It usually indicates the material from which it is sewn. What qualities should it have in order for the new thing to bring you the most pleasure?
- Pass air, absorb moisture.
- Create a feeling of comfort.
- Easy to fade, iron.
- Do not deform in the process of wearing.
- Do not cause allergies.
There is no perfect fabric in nature. But you can choose the most appropriate. Fabrics from natural fibers meet most of these requirements.True, they quickly crumple. To avoid this, they add a small amount of artificial fibers of elastane or lycra.
Fabrics from natural fibers
- Vegetable origin: cotton, flax.
- Animal origin: silk, wool.
Cotton fabric has more than two dozen species. These are cambric, calico, velvet, jeans, cool, satin, chintz, poplin, interlock and many others. They differ in the method of manufacture, appearance, composition, quality of the material.
Among them there is a footer. What kind of fabric is it? This is a knitwear made of cotton. The front side is smooth, the reverse side with a pile of varying intensity (thick, small or almost none at all). The footer is resistant to wear, keeps warm well. An interesting variant of the footer is the stretch footer. This fabric is produced with the addition of elastane. This is done to ensure that the product of the material in the sock retains its shape.
Fabric footer. Description
Weave it on a loom. In the manufacture of a strong warp threads from the inside out a weakly twisted cushioning (fouter) thread is knitted. It has a high linear density. This thread forms a broach. They can be rasporsovany, resulting in a pile.On the front side there are no broaches, the fabric is smooth, with well visible looped columns.
Types of lining fabric
- By type of weaving: loop, 2-thread, 3-thread.
- By type of pile: with thick dense pile; with middle pile; without fleece.
Color can be different - from monophonic to multicolored. Produce bleached fourer canvas, stuffed (with drawings). It is used for the manufacture of children's clothing, so it should be colorful and attractive.
Footer canvas can be of different density: 1 m2weighs from 180 g to 365 g. Depending on this parameter, the fabric has a different purpose. The dense cloth is applied to tailoring the top knitted clothes. It is dense, pleasant to the touch, well retains its shape. At the same time easy.
From it sew clothes for children, women and men. Turtlenecks, sweatshirts, pants, tracksuits for adults. In the manufacture of these products is used footer. What kind of fabric for children's clothes, if it is hard and bites.
And here the footer is irreplaceable. It seems to be created for sewing children's clothes. It makes comfortable, soft sliders, blouses, hats, body. The fabric is lightweight, eco-friendly, breathable. Does not cause allergies.Easy to wash.
Warm dressing gowns from the footer are soft from the inside, the outer part is smooth. It does not form puffs and pellets. They are convenient for summer use, as it is much easier terry.
In order for products from the footer to retain their qualities longer, they add lycra to its composition. Just a few percent. After all, it is quite expensive material. But no longer needed. Eco-friendly cotton and lycra elasticity increase clothing durability. Such products do not need to be ironed, the pile does not hesitate and does not sag.
Fabric footer with lycra has the following properties:
- resistant to deformation;
- has a nice shine.
Lycra protects products from exposure to sweat, deodorants, chlorinated water. Clothing does not fade in the sun, does not deform, retains its colors.
How to care for a footer
When washing and ironing, follow the instructions on the label or label. This will help keep the size and shape of the product. Things from the footer is better to wash by hand or in delicate mode. But the main thing - do not boil colored products. At high temperature, the fabric sheds, the product loses its shape and size, "sits down."By the way, this happens with any cotton, not only with the footer material.
What kind of fabric, determined by looking at the label. If it is not for any reason, you need to follow these rules:
- The washing temperature of a thick footer should not be higher than 50-60 degrees, thin - not higher than 30 degrees. White washable universal powder, color - a means for delicate wash. You can use powder for washing colored things.
- Do not boil.
- The washing mode is delicate.
- Dry in fresh air, avoiding sunlight. A thick article with a pile is hung out to dry well pressed.
- To iron thick products, setting the “cotton” mode on the iron, thin ones - the “delicate” mode. You can "silk".
Fabric composition footer
It contains a large percentage of cotton. Fabric 2-thread - 100%. 5% elastane or lycra can be added to improve the appearance and durability of the fabric. The 3-thread footer contains about 70% cotton, 20-30% polyester, and 5% elastane or lycra can be added.
Footer 2-thread is the most popular type of fabric of the same name. Happens with and without fleece.
The double thread is combed from inside, it makes the canvas dense, the inside is fluffy.Fabric footer with fleece is used for sewing jackets, sweatpants, suits, sweatshirts. And the things made from such fabric do not let the wind pass, retain heat. Along with this they breathe.
The 2-thread footer without fleece is used for sewing children's summer clothes, women's light coats and dresses, T-shirts.
However, it should be noted that among the liner fabrics, 2-thread with a pile are most shrunk.
You need to sew a footer with a sewing machine. Use a knitting needle. Sew a stitch "double seam" or "zigzag." If the loops interfere with sewing, put a piece of paper on the fabric from the inside. Sew together with her. Then the paper is torn off and discarded.
All buyers like that in the manufacture of footer uses environmentally friendly natural raw materials. Especially a lot of feedback from women with young children. They emphasize that things from the footer are soft, gentle, do not bite. Children clothes can not be ironed.
I like the reasonable price of products, in the manufacture of which the fabric is used footer.
Description of deficiencies
The main thing is considered the shrinkage of things that, after several washes, become smaller by a couple of sizes.To prevent this effect, experts and more experienced users recommend washing things out of the footer in warm, but not hot water.
Some complain that the pile after a few washes became less, sat down. To prevent advised to choose a more gentle washing mode or manual.
Buyers notice that things from the footer become softer from the use of rinse after washing.
Those who are still afraid of the deformation of clothing, are advised to buy products with the addition of lycra.