Castle of the Moors
The Castle of the Moors (Castelo dos Mouros) is a castle of the early Middle Ages, built by the Moors during the Arab conquest of Portugal on the dominant summit of the mountain in the vicinity of the city of Sintra - a suburb of Lisbon. (GPS: 38.790182, -9.389395)
01 The Moors built a castle here in the 9th or 10th centuries.
02 According to the Arab chronicles, the area of Sintra was very rich and had fertile fields.
03 Subsequently, the fortress repeatedly passed from the hands of Muslims to Christian knights and back.
04 In 1147, after King Afonso I occupied Lisbon, the Moors surrendered the castle without resistance.
05 Afonso I gave special rights to the people of Sintra to encourage the development of the region.
06 During the reign of Sancho I, the castle was repaired and the Temple of St. Peter (Igreja de São Pedro) was built inside.
07 In the 15th century, most of the inhabitants descended to where the modern city of Sintra is located.
08 In the 16th century, the castle lost its strategic importance and was abandoned; its last inhabitants were Jews.
09 In 1830, the castle was already destroyed, King Fernando II began to restore the castle in the style of medieval romanticism, he managed to rebuild the walls and towers, the temple remained in ruins.
10 The towers after perestroika remained in their original place.
11 The best preserved section of the wall at the entrance to the castle.
12 The original cistern has been preserved in the castle to create large reserves of water in case of a siege.
26 There is nothing here except walls, towers and fascinating views of many kilometers and major attractions.
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