20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago!

Today in our project20th century in color1907
It is even scary to imagine that the world that existed 110 years ago could have been captured in color photography.
And it was precisely the 1907th that became truly milestone for it: the Lakhiere Brothers' patented plates, “Autochrome”, patented as far back as 1904, went into free sale.
This event had a double meaning: on the one hand, color photography for the first time became available to a wide circle of fans.
On the other hand, a very imperfect, with poor color rendering and large graininess, the autochromic method began to “hammer” the older color separation method, which at the end of the 19th century made it possible to obtain images of fixed objects almost equal in quality to modern digital photography! Shooting through the three filters was too complicated and expensive, so only a few enthusiasts, such as Adolf Miethe and SM Prokudin-Gorsky, remained faithful to her.
Unfortunately, hardly every hundredth shot from those made in 1907 has reached us, but even the few available images allow us to feel the flavor of the era.
The first color photograph of that year was taken on January 1 in the Tien Shan mountains above the Saluktinsky mines (now it is the territory of Kyrgyzstan). S.Prokudin-Gorsky was a member of the expedition of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society for observing a solar eclipse (in the photo he stands at the telescope pipe). He failed to capture the eclipse because of the thick clouds, but almost the whole group of frustrated scientists hit the frame:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
A complete list of all members of the expedition is known by name due to official reports. Among them was the son of the great scientist Vasily Mendeleev (designer of the first Russian tank). Not a single document mentions participation in the campaign of a woman, but she is in the picture! Her name remains a mystery.
Coming down from the mountains, Prokudin-Gorsky sat down at Chernyaevo station in a special wagon of the Chamber of Weights and Measures and set off to photograph the world of the Bukhara Khanate and Turkestan, which was exotic for Europeans.
The Bukhara official at the door of the emir’s country palace in the Shir-Budun garden, January 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
Emir Prokudin-Gorsky himself will be shooting later, in 1911.
Such is the whim of a photo story: we still cannot find color shots of pre-revolutionary Moscow, and Bukhara was already captured in all colors in 1907!
The huge 47-meter minaret Kalyan, which on Russian postcards of that time was usually referred to as the “tower of death”:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
Bukharians look with curiosity towards the Russian photographer. For them, in general, this business was new: the pictures of Bukhara before the end of the 19th century are not known. Before the Russian protectorate was established, curious foreigners with cameras were just executed as spies!
The front gate to the Bukhara "Kremlin" - Ark fortress, which served as the palace of the Emir:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

In the original resolution, even see the time on the clock!
It seems that in 110 years this symbol of Bukhara has hardly changed.
Turning the camera to the right, Prokudin-Gorsky captured the brave sarbaz, a representative of the few Khan's army:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

In Bukhara, Prokudin-Gorsky was shooting such that in Russia itself he would not have decided to shoot for censorship reasons.
For example, the Bukhara “Klopovnik”, notorious for the stories of travelers, is a primitive prison called by the local “Zindan”
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

The prisoners ate only what their relatives brought them.
On the same topic was taken the picture "Bound Prisoners":
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
In Old Bukhara, Prokudin-Gorsky had a unique opportunity to shoot in the color of the life of medieval life almost untouched by modern civilization, with all its coarse naturalness.
It is unlikely that this "Bukhara bakery" has changed a lot over the previous 300 years:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
It is hard to believe that just a dozen miles away was the modern Russian city of New Bukhara, with a new railway station, electric lighting and telephone.
Then Prokudin-Gorsky went to Samarkand. Although this city was already a part of Russia for 40 years, the 20th century was not in a hurry to get there.
Traders in the Registan, Samarkand, January 1907:
20th century in color.Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
Samarkand, even more than Bukhara, struck Prokudin-Gorsky with the majestic ruins of ancient monuments, which by that time had come to a complete desolation.
Among them, the grandiose cathedral mosque of Tamerlane of the turn of the 14th-15th centuries, the famous Bibi-Khanym, was particularly highlighted. It began to fall apart before the completion of construction work, and by the beginning of the 20th century it was a very sad sight:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
A few months after the departure of Prokudin-Gorsky, an earthquake occurred in Samarkand and another piece fell off the dome of Bibi-Khanym, but the press, which was not so sensational, smashed tales of "terrible destruction and destruction of monuments." Strangely enough, it was thanks to these inventions that Prokudin-Gorsky came to the realization of his high mission: to capture for posterity in color all the most valuable heritage of the Russian Empire. And it was the right decision, because the truly terrible destruction awaited the country in the very near future.
As for Bibi-Khanym, in the 1990s there was made a “euro-repair” and now the spirit of antiquity does not remain in this monumental building:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

At the end of this part of the journey, let us acquaint readers with the conductor and translator of Prokudin-Gorsky - Samarkand Khoja Yakub. Here he is posing in the bright sun with a group of school-sarts:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
Apparently, in the same year 1907, Prokudin-Gorsky took several pictures in the small resort town of Villach on the Drava River, in Austria-Hungary:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
In 1945, this city will be literally wiped out with a series of American carpet bombing (85% of buildings destroyed).
According to one of the versions, in the summer of 1907, in the Trans-Uralian village of Tamakulsky, Prokudin-Gosky made a couple of wonderful etudes “On the Life”.
Here is one of them:
20th century in color.Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
Unfortunately, the shooting of both capitals of the Russian Empire was of no interest to Prokudin-Gorsky. He made an exception only for the Church of the Resurrection (Savior on the Blood) in St. Petersburg, the construction of which was completed just in 1907.
Back in March 1905, the master made a couple of test etudes of this bright structure, and in September 1907 he took it off the shelf. Unfortunately, this negative belongs to the missing part of the Prokuda collection, so we have to be content with the author's reproduction:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

Adolf Mite, the teacher of Prokudin-Gorsky, in 1907 certainly made many magnificent color works, but the Technical Museum in Munich “squeezed” all its invaluable photo-archive and does not want to show it to humanity.
Therefore, we will show here only one photographic sketch of the German master, "The trunks of trees in winter", published in the journal in 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

Another representative of the color separation method of color photography was the Norwegian Harald Renbjør (1889–1956).
He lived in the small town of Levanger, which he shot using the indicated method between 1907 and 1925.
A number of his photographs are posted on the Levanger Museum website: http://digitaltmuseum.no/folder/7B37DAB ... 1CC2CFB22E
As an example, we present several of his works, which date back to about 1907.
Best of all, the brightness of the colors is transmitted by this sketch with the colors:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

Nobody restored these works (as opposed to the pictures of Prokudin-Gorsky), but even in this form, their quality can be assessed.
Strait in Levanger:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
Garden station Levanger:
20th century in color.Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

Landscape with railroad and fields in the foreground:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

Perhaps these typical Scandinavian species have not changed much since that time.
Coincidentally, it is precisely in such a Norwegian landscape that Prokudin-Gorsky will spend the first year of his emigrant life.
We now turn to color photography "second-class" - autochrome, which in 1907 began to conquer the world.
This still-life with flowers and oranges in 1907 was shot by the inventors of the method, Auguste and Leon Lumière:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

Compare the colors with the image of the Norwegian, which we quoted a little higher.
In the first years of the history of the autochrome, the image of this method was made almost exclusively for amateur purposes, without any project or system. These were mainly portraits, genre scenes, beautiful sketches of nature.All together it forms a kind of kaleidoscope, from which the portrait of the era is formed in the muted colors of the autochrome.
Scene during a motor trip, 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

And one more, France, 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

Bathing suits 110 years ago, the author of the picture is unknown:
20th century in color.Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

In such outfits all the “civilized” Europeans swam then. More precisely, almost everything.
One of the first autochromic images in the nude genre, 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

The infrastructure of the beaches, of course, was somewhat different from the modern.
Sun loungers on the beach in the North Sea, 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
King Frederick VIII and Queen Louise of Denmark, photographer Leon Gimpel, June 17, 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

It seems that this is the first color photograph that was published in the newspaper (they were also published in magazines in the 19th century).
Magazine "Illustration" with reproductions of color photographs, 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
Sculptor Rodin, photographer Edward Steichen, 1907:
20th century in color.Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

Portrait of George Bernard Shaw, photographer Alvin Langdon Coburn, 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

Moroccan General Staff (?), 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

French foot soldiers with signal flags, 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
Sister photographer Harald Rosenberg (Harald Rosenberg) Karin on the couch. Finland, 1907-1910:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
Portrait of an unknown girl in the window, 1907:
20th century in color.Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

Portrait of an Unknown Lady with an Umbrella, 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

But the unknown woman in the photo of Alfred Stiglitz of the same year looks almost like our contemporary:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

View of Copenhagen in 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

The facade of the Samaritaine department store in Paris circa 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
Village in the English county of Dorset, 1907:
20th century in color.Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

In the same place:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

Only in very rare cases, autochrome shots looked really beautiful. For example, like this view of the town of Edam in the Netherlands, 1907:
20th century in color. Colors of the world as it was 110 years ago! LARGE, Prokudin Gorsky, pictures, Prokudin Gorsky, almost made, which, color, color, several, city, photographer, time, Russian, who, Emir, color, Bukhara, Samarkand, modern

LARGE
P.S. Restorations of Prokudin-Gorsky images taken from the site"The Legacy of Prokudin-Gorsky".
All series of the project "20th Century in Color":
1901, 1902, 1903, 1904, 1905,1906,1907, 1908,1909, 1910, 1911, 1912,1913, 1914,1915,1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922,1923, 1924, 1925,1926, 1927,1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932,1933, 1934 / 1934-36,1935,1936,1937/1937-street, 1938, 1939, 1940,1941 war/1941 streets1942/1942 streets, 1943, 1944,1945 war,1945 world,1946/1946-streets, 1947 / USSR-1947/1947 streets, 1948, 1949,1950 / USSR-1950, 1951,1952 / USSR-1952, 1953 / USSR-1953 / USA-1953, 1954 / USSR-1954, 1955 / USSR-1955/1955 streets,1956/USSR-1956/1956-Streets, 1957,USSR 1957,1957 streets, 1958, 1959, 1960,1961 / USSR 1961, 1962,1963 / USSR-1963, 1964,1965 / USSR 1965,1966 / USSR 1966/1966-streets of the USSR/1966 streets of the world,1967 / USSR-1967/1967-streets, 1968, 1969, 1970,1971, 1972,1973 / USSR 1973, 1974, 1975, USSR 1975,1976 / USSR-1976/1976-streets of the USSR / 1976-streets of the world, 1977/USSR 1977/1977 streets, 1978, 1979, 1980,1981 / USSR-1981, 1982,1983, 1984 / USSR 1984, 1985,1986/USSR-1986/1986-streets,1987 / USSR-1987/1987-streets / 1987-streets of the USSR, 1988,1989 / USSR-1989,1990 / USSR 1990,1991/USSR 1991,1992/CIS 1992/1992 streets,1993, 1994 / RF-1994,1995/RF-1995,1996/RF-1996/1996 streets,1997/RF 1997/1997 streets, 1998,1999 / RF 1999

Related news

20th century in color. The colors of the world as it was 110 years ago image, picture
20th century in color. The colors of the world as it was 110 years ago 46


20th century in color. The colors of the world as it was 110 years ago 82


20th century in color. The colors of the world as it was 110 years ago 46


20th century in color. The colors of the world as it was 110 years ago 20


20th century in color. The colors of the world as it was 110 years ago 6