14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras

The Russian currency has been running for at least eight centuries - this is evidenced by the Novgorod birch bark letters. But, of course, the real value of the national monetary unit and its appearance greatly varied from epoch to epoch. Let's find out what you could buy for the ruble in different historical periods.


Source: RIA News

Trade engine

At the beginning of the XIII century, the Novgorod merchants used in the calculations 200-gram silver bars in the form of sticks, if necessary, sawing them in half. And although outwardly the ingots resembled the currency of Kievan Rus, the hryvnia, in Novgorod they were already called rubles. Now a silver bar of the same weight costs more than ten thousand rubles.

The number of products that could be bought for the ruble depended on the yield.For example, the year 1314 turned out to be hungry for Pskov: about 9.5 liters of rye were released for one ruble (in Russia, bulk goods were sold by volume, not weight). In Novgorod, prices were almost half as much - more than 15 liters of rye were already being given for the same ruble.

Of course, the market traded and ready-made bread. In the XIV century, baked on the Novgorod market cost about 15 kopecks on the Novgorod market. That is, you could buy six rugs for a ruble and get ten kopecks (about 20 grams of silver) of the change.

Apollinary Mikhailovich Vasnetsov - Novgorod bargaining

A pound of ham in those same years cost about 32 kopecks, that is, a resident of Novgorod received a little more than a kilogram per ruble. The oil was sold in pots - 60 kopecks per piece, so for a ruble you would be given a half pot and ten kopecks of change.

Wholesale

In the XVII century, the Russians (those who could afford it) tried to buy food in bulk in such quantities that was enough for a year. And not only saving themselves from hunger: in the crop failure, the price of products rose and some of the stocks could be sold profitably.

In those years, four pounds of rye flour (one pound - 16.3 kilograms) cost about 30 kopecks, which means that we immediately weighed 218 kilograms for one ruble.Cow butter was much more expensive - 60 cents per pood. Therefore, 27.3 kilograms of oil were given per ruble. Three large sturgeons or a four-year-old bull went by at the same price.

Apollinary Vasnetsov - Red Square in the 2nd half of the XVII century (1925)

The chicken cost much cheaper - just a penny for a head, a ruble - 100 live birds. They asked for sheep from 12 to 18 kopecks, and the ruble owner could become the owner of the whole herd, if desired.

Those wishing to dress up fit the same ruble. A sheepskin coat cost 30 kopecks, and sable skins cost 70 kopecks. The shirts ranged by ten kopecks, the boots (depending on quality) - from 25 to 50 kopecks of steam. A cap on his head is six to eight kopecks.

Inflation in the era of Catherine II and after

In 1760, a pound of bread in the market cost 86 kopecks - almost 19 kilograms were weighed for a ruble. But only 13 years later, for the same money, only 7.5 kilograms of bread were given, and after another 15 years - only 2.3 kilograms.

At the beginning of the reign of Catherine the Great, it was possible to drink a good drink to the ruble: a vodka bucket of 12.3 liters of volume cost 85 kopecks, which means they poured 14.5 liters of the ruble. However, later the price of vodka grew the same way as for grain.

Stagecoach on Petersburg-Moscow highway.

Another pleasant prospect for the ruble holder in those years is to go on a trip. In one tselkov any volunteer could travel 100 miles (about 200 kilometers) in a mail carriage.

Impressive market in Moscow on Lubyanskaya Square.

In the XIX century, the depreciation of the Russian currency continued. The ruble of the late 1830s is one and a half kilograms of freshwater fish or 2.5 kilograms of beef. For the same money on the market offered four dozen eggs or a kilogram of butter. The same amount of straw (66 kilograms) or half the weight (about 33 kilograms) cost.

Full end of an era

The first years of the twentieth century until the beginning of the First World War, historians consider the best in the history of pre-revolutionary Russia. There was almost no inflation, and prices allowed almost every family to eat as they wanted, and not how it turns out.

25 loaves of rye bread (400 grams each) or 14 loaves of white (300 grams), 6.5 kilograms of new potatoes or 20 kilograms of last year were given per ruble.

After spending a hefty, you could return home with five kilograms of pasta or take a pound of coffee beans. Two dozen eggs or two kilograms of cottage cheese are also a ruble.

As for alcohol: a ruble - for a half liter of official vodka or a liter of better quality, with double purification. A 0.6 liter beer mug cost 10 kopecks, so that a beer visitor with a ruble in his pocket could “load” six liters at once.

Although there were no smartphones in those years, for the money, it was still possible to communicate with relatives or friends from a distance. For a ruble, you could send 20 words by telegraph, 25 letters, or talk for two minutes on the phone.

Related news

14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras

14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras

14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras

14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras

14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras

14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras

14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras

14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras

14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras

14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras

14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras 14.5 liters of vodka, 100 versts in a carriage, a pound of coffee: what could be bought for a ruble in different eras